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Who's Who in WWII

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Courtenay Johnson

on 14 July 2015

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Transcript of Who's Who in WWII

Hirohito was Emperor and led a militaristic government.
Believed Japan needed more land and resources to survive due to the Depression.
Joined Germany and Italy in the "Axis Powers."
Invaded Manchuria (China), Mongolia, Philippines, India, Australia and various islands.
Benito Mussolini
First dictator to rise in Europe; played on people's emotions.
Angry that their country did not get as much from the Treaty of Versailles.
Made a Fascist (fascism) government. - Govt. has control, extremely nationalist.
The Fascist Party overthrew the king and put Mussolini in power.
Built up their army (militarism)
Invaded Ethiopia (Africa) and Albania.
Douglas MacArthur
U.S. Five Star General
Stationed in Philippines to help prevent attacks from Japanese threat
He and his troops were forced to retreat
Sent to help Australia against threat of Japan
War hero; received awards
Considered for presidential candidate in 1948
Very popular among American citizens
Who's Who in WWII
A look into the lives of the
12 most influential
leaders and figures of
World War II.

Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Britain
Hitler issued air raids (bombings) on Britain and thought it would make them give up; they didn't because Churchill inspired them to keep fighting.
Considered a legendary war leader, he kept up morale.
Great speech giver
Stood up against Nazism.
Allied with: France, America, Soviet Union (towards end)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
U.S. General during WWII
34th President of U.S.A. from 1953-1961
Led U.S. and British troops to defeat Axis troops in North Africa.
Led the D-Day Invasion
Adolf Hitler
Played on people's emotions; voted as Chancellor.
Led the Nazi Party (National Socialism Party)
Believed German people were superior.
Blamed Jews for the problems Germany was facing
Ended democracy and set up totalitarianism
Broke the Treaty of Versailles, began to invade European countries.
Allies with Italy, Japan, Soviet Union (at beginning)
Joseph Stalin
Communist leader of Soviet Union (Russia)
Used force and fear to get citizens to obey him.
Killed all rivals or competition for his position of power.
Sent millions of people he thought disloyal to labor camps.
Allies with Germany until Hitler invades the Soviet Union.
Invaded/Occupied: Eastern Poland, Latvia, Lithuania
[1920s - 1953]
"Germany will either be a
world power or will
not be at all."
"The function of a citizen
and soldier
are inseparable."
"We don't let them have ideas.
Why would we let
them have guns?"
"The fruits of victory are tumbling
into our mouths too quickly."
"You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something, sometime in your life."
"...You will bring about the destruction of the
German war machine, the elimination of
Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world."
"We are not retreating. We are advancing in another direction."
U.S. General
Along with British troops, went into Italy and forced Mussolini out of power (1943).
German forces continued to fight in Italy afterwards.
George S. Patton
"Better to fight for something than to live for nothing."
32nd President of the United States
Wants to stay out of "Europe's War" (isolationism)
Declared war on Japan on December 8, 1941
Declared war on Germany on December 11,1941
"Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan"
Harry S. Truman
Vice President to Roosevelt and took over as the 33rd President of U.S. when FDR died suddenly in office.
The Allies (Britain, France, Soviet Union) were experiencing victory against Europe but the war in the Pacific against Japan was still raging.
Approved the use of the atomic bomb on Japanese islands to end the Pacific War.
"A leader in the Democratic Party is a boss, in the Republican party he is a leader."
French General
Fought German troops but was only able to hold them back for a brief period before they seized control of France.
Allies with: Britain, America, Soviet Union (towards end of war)
Charles de Gaulle
"France has lost the battle but she has not lost the war."
German politician
Became Reich Minister of Propaganda
One of Hitler's closest followers.
Created propaganda for Hitler's cause and Nazi Germany.
Anti-Semitic literature
Joseph Goebbels
“Think of the press as a great keyboard
on which the government can play.”
Full transcript