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Vietnam: Returning War Veterans 1970s

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Kristen Capano

on 22 May 2013

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Transcript of Vietnam: Returning War Veterans 1970s

Psychological Factors Coming home from war, many veterans faced psychological issues due to the events they had experienced during their leave.

PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder)
GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder)
Panic Disorder
Dissociative Disorders Goals of the Veterans Acceptance, financial assistance, medical care, and aid in readjusting to society were all of what Vietnam veterans sought after. With regards to their post- traumatic mental states, many veterans were not taken seriously because of the lack of sympathy they received from the public. In addition, there was very little know about Post Traumatic Stress Disorder at the time, which made it difficult to properly diagnose and give aid to these soldiers. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs opened Veteran Centers nationwide. Many of the people who worked at these meeting places were veterans themselves, showing the efforts they were willing to make to push change. These were so effective that veterans of World War II and Korea began to attend the meetings.

The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies and the National Organization for Victim Assistance were two organizations that studied Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, and attempted to treat veterans.

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund has made one of the most know Vietnam memorial sites in America. In 1982 it funded The Vietnam Veterans Memorial wall in remembrance to the soldiers who served in the war overseas.

Vietnam Veterans Against the War, Vietnam Veterans of America, and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund were also prominent groups. These groups helped to draft legislation for education and job programs, assist veterans with post-war health care through the VA hospital system, (including assisting victims of Agent Orange and other chemical agents), raise money for these veterans.
Organizations Social Change for Returning War Veterans By: Shane O'Neill, Kristen Capano, Emily Marino, Dan Ahl & Paul Ciesmelewski PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder)
Haunting memories/nightmares/anxiety/ depression.
Many were hospitalized
Caused by repressed emotions or intentions Many suffered from the effects given by harmful toxins, such as Napalm and Agent Orange.
58,000 soldiers lost their lives during the war.
100,000 veterans consciously ended their lives after the war (up to date). A Vietnam Era Veteran is a person who:
Served on active duty for a period of more than 180 days, any part of which occurred between August 5, 1964 and May 7, 1975, and was discharged or released with other than a dishonorable discharge;
Was discharged or released from active duty for a service connected disability if any part of such active duty was performed between August 5, 1964 and May 7, 1975; or
Served on active duty for more than 180 days and served in the Republic of Vietnam between February 28, 1961 and May 7, 1975. Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act In order to assist the veterans in being hired for jobs and being able to maintain these jobs, the Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act was passed. This made it necessary for businesses with federal contracts of $25,00 or more to provide equal opportunity or affirmative action for veterans. The Troops Returning Home
With Vietnamization, American soldiers were gradually being brought back into America, being replaced with South Vietnamese troops.

The evacuation of Saigon in 1975 marks the final withdrawal of the last US military and government personnel in Vietnam.

American troops were coming back to their country, only to be dishonored by their people .
The Vietnam War was waged from 1955 to 1975, a full twenty years that spanned four different presidents.
Under the Selective Service Act, there was a mandatory draft for all men ages 18-26. This resulted in draft dodgers and protesters.
Many men ended up in Vietnam not by choice, but because they were forced to by law. Draft and the Selective Service Act Civil Rights and Respect War veterans were not welcomed home.

Disrespect and hatred toward them because of My Lei.

After taking time to recuperate from their mental and physical injuries, civil rights began to be sought after for these veterans.

These men pushed for the Vietnam Era Veterans’ Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974. Is Violence Necessary for Change? LEGACY OF A VETERAN America was trying to save the nation’s people by drafting men and putting them into life-altering, or even life-threatening, situations. The deaths of millions is never a morale booster.

Nonviolent methods would save many more lives, and prevent other’s lives from being completely destroyed. Although sit-ins and other nonviolent protests, such as the Rosa Parks bus boycott incident, had a negative effect on the public, there were rarely any deaths reported, and a slim number of casualties.

The fighting in Vietnam did not change the outcome of the war. Millions of dollars were taken from America’s budget and thrown into investments for weapons and machinery that would kill men, but these machines would never restore peace to the world. After the war many veteran soldiers took advantage of the offered benefits in the G.I. Bill of Rights

These veterans used these benefits to achieve new success after the war, and used it as a way to get back into the public

The Veterans Readjustment Benefits Act of 1966 Reparations Nixon went back on his word when he came into his presidency with the Invasion of Cambodia.

Soldiers suffering from war, both physically and mentally

War Powers Act

The Agent Orange Settlement Fund African Americans Veterans Given leniency due to supposed mental disorders (PTSD)

Given jobs when war was over

Society more willing to aid

Affected the entire country equally

No true leader, acted as a group
Lost jobs when war was over
Had a Specific Leaders (MLKJ)(Malcom X)
Had varying groups that fought for different beliefs
South more affected than the north

Finished in protests and violence after MLK assination

group broke off from society and made own identity both disapproved of by the public

both led to violent and nonviolent protests

both directly approached the government for acts of aid (Civil Rights Act, VEVRA Act...)

both pulled large amounts of money from the U.S treasury

Had Educational benefits granted by legislation
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