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THORNDIKE (1874-1949) - CONNECTIONISM THEORY

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Gökçem Ercan

on 23 April 2014

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Transcript of THORNDIKE (1874-1949) - CONNECTIONISM THEORY

THORNDIKE (1874-1949) - CONNECTIONISM THEORY
Was an American pioneer in comparative psychology. He was awarded for his thesis, "Animal Intelligence: An Experimental Study of the Associative Processes in Animals", in which he concluded that an experimental approach is the only way to understand learning and established his famous "Law of Effect". In 1912, he was the elected president of the American Psychological Association. Thorndike’s work frequently has not received the attention it deserves because so many aspects of his thinking became associated with B.F.Skinner.
WHAT IS THE CONNECTIONISM THEORY ?
First of all Thorndike has started his works on learning mechanism with animals . Later, his researches on learning in humans the field of social psychology and education psychology.
The learner organism chooses the reactions that leads him to his purpose with the same stimulating conditions and leaves out the ones that doesn't fulfill its purpose.
The succeeded reactions become permanent.

THORNDIKE'S BASIC VIEWS RELATED TO LEARN
LEARNING WITH TRIAL AND ERROR METHOD
Many ways are tried for solving problems, the useful ones are chosen.
Others are taken out .
After various tries , problem is solved.
Edward Lee Thorndike (1874 - 1949)
CONNECTIONISM
SMALL STEPS IN LEARNING
According to Thorndike , learning is not formed suddenly.
It is formed small and systematic steps.
THORNDIKE'S LAW OF LEARNING
1.) LAW OF READINESS

2.) LAW OF EXERCİSE

3.) LAW OF EFFECT
LAW OF READINESS
LAW OF EXERCISE
The bond between stimulus and reaction , grows stronger with repetitions. It is very important in learning repeats . Without repetition, lessons which are learned are forgetten after a while.
LAW OF EXERCISE
NOTE :
Before 1930 , Thorndike had defended that repetition is very important.
After 1930 , he has changed his idea . Repetition is not important alone. A person should do exercise such as ; testing , writing ... etc. after the repetition for learning.
Law of readiness is related to " how the organism is ready to do."
THE LAW OF EFFECT
If we get a likable stimulating at the end of a behavior, we do that again.

THE LAW OF EFFECT
If society react we about picking our nose we don't do that behavior again.
THE LAW OF EFFECT
NOTE :
This law is the basis of operant conditioning.
NOTE :

Thorndike's the most important law is the law of effect.
NAME : GOKCEM
SURNAME : ERCAN
NUMBER : 130502024
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