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Literary Elements Part 2
Transcript of Literary Elements Part 2
Foreshadowing is a warning or indication of a future event to create suspense.
Often appears at the beginning of a story or chapter.
The author may use dialogue, action, or even
the title of the chapter
Examples in literature:
The Lightening Thief
"You shall go west, and face the god who has turned,
You shall find what was stolen, and see it safely returned,
You shall be betrayed by one who calls you a friend,
And you shall fail to save what matters most, in the end."
Examples in literature:
"Maniac loved almost everything
about his new life.
But everything did not love him back."
A flashback is a scene in a story, novel, movie, etc. that is set in a time earlier than the main story.
Flashbacks are used to retell events that happened before the story's time, but that are important to understanding the story.
The use of figurative language to create a mental picture.
Helps readers to experience the story through all five senses (sight, sound, smell, taste, touch).
I could hear the popping and crackling as mom dropped the bacon into the frying pan, and soon the salty, greasy smell wafted toward me.
Symbolism is the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
Symbolism adds depth and meaning to a story to make it more interesting to read.
The ‘bad guys’ are darker
than the ‘good guys’
Literary Example: Harry Potter
-Harry’s scar is like a badge of honor because he survived a battle. It also stands for emotional sensitivity, since it hurts when someone directs hate towards him.
-The name of Albus Dumbledore: Dumbledore means bumblebee in Old English and he liked to hum. Albus means "white” which may symbolize a white wizard or good wizard.
-Veritaserum: ‘verity’ means truth and ‘serum’ means fluid, so this potion makes people tell the truth.
-Knockturn Alley: Knockturn sounds like nocturnal and the Dark Arts are practiced at night.
The Hunger Games
-The mockingjay represents defiance in the novel
-The dresses Cinna designs for Katniss symbolize her spirit.
An allusion direct or indirect reference to something historical, literary, religious, or mythical.
The author usually uses references that will be understood by his or her audience, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art.
You can also make allusions to pop culture.
Allusions can help people see unique connections between two ideas.
The reference can help the audience better understand a subject.
Allusions can also be surprising and funny, and are a favorite tool for rappers to prove their extensive knowledge of many topics.
"Then they went to the library book-sale rack and bought about twenty old picture books, such as
The Story of Babar
Mike Mulligan's Steam Shovel
The Little Engine that could
"Then they went to Woolworth's for a small portable blackboard and a piece of chalk."
Irony is spoken or written words that mean the opposite of their usual meaning.
Irony makes a reader think hard and analyze a situation in the story.
By comparing and contrasting the reader is able to arrive at a better understanding of the author’s meaning.
Snape despises Harry and thinks that he wouldn’t be anyone or anything special if it weren’t for his fame and his story. However, Snape is the one who jumpstarted Harry’s fame by telling Voldemort about the prophecy that lead to his downfall.