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Transcript of Gun Violence
Monica Barrack Gun Violence Attempts To Control Gun Violence Policies at the federal, state, and local levels have attempted to address gun violence through a variety of methods, including restricting firearms purchases by youths and other "at-risk" populations, setting waiting periods for firearm purchases, establishing gun "buy-back" programs, law enforcement and policing strategies, stiff sentencing of gun law violators, education programs for parents and children, and community-outreach programs. Period 3 Gun Violence in the United States Gun violence is a regularly debated political issue in the U.S.
Gun-related violence is most common in poor urban areas and frequently associated with gang violence. High-profile mass shootings have fueled debate over gun policies, even though these events are relatively rare. Assault Weapons Ban Congress passed the Assault Weapons Ban on September 13, 1994. The ban only applied to weapons manufactured after the date of the ban's enactment.
The ban expired in 2004 as part of the law's sunset provision. There have been multiple attempts to renew the ban, but no bill has reached the House floor for a vote.
Senator Diane Feinstein announced she would introduce a Federal assault weapons ban bill in the U.S. Senate following the 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. The bill as of January 25, 2013 has a provision where the sunset clause, which was part of the 1994 Assault Weapons Ban, will be eliminated and will be directed at firearms with detachable magazines and at least one single military feature. Republicans who control Congress and Senate Democrats from pro-gun states are likely to oppose the proposed ban. The GOP Congressional delegation from the State of Texas have condemned Sen. Feinstein's bill, along with the pro-gun lobby inclusive of the NRA. On March 14, 2013, the Senate Judiciary Committee approved a version of the bill along party lines. NRA on school safety In 2012, following the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, the NRA called on the United States Congress to appropriate funds for a "National School Shield Program," under which armed police officers would protect students in every U.S. school.The NRA was angry with Obama because a few days after the Sandy Hook shooting, Obama said that when it comes to keeping children safe at school, then "nothing else mattered." That was believed to be the case until the State of the Union address on Feburary 12, 2013 where President Obama gave an hour long speech and did not mention school safety one time in the whole address. It was so bothersome to the NRA because the president's kids are protected by armed guards at their schools, but the children of other American's can not have trained officers protecting their campus. The NRA also pushes its opinion on affairs like this by gaining public support and agreement among American citizens along with all the members already in the NRA. Chronological Events March 2013: Many different events and rallys took place throughout the US as a protest to ban and/or lower the rate of gun violence after the shooting of Sandy Hook Elementary. Rules have tightened down and now gun users have certain restrictions in Colorado. Also, users in New York have to go through background checks when buying a weapon. February 2013: The mayor of New York met with the Vice President of the US to discuss gun violence within the states. Joe Biden also met with the governor of Connecticut and made an appeal to ban the type of firearm that was used at the Sandy Hook shooting. President Obama was present in Chicago to give a speech at a local high school and pays a tribute to a teenage girl who was gunned down in a park. Compared Gun Laws NRA and the Brady Bill The Brady Act requires that background checks be conducted on individuals before a firearm may be purchased from a federally licensed dealer, manufacturer or importer—unless an exception applies. After the Brady Act was originally proposed in 1987, the National Rifle Association (NRA) mobilized to defeat the legislation, spending millions of dollars in the process. While the bill eventually did pass in both chambers of the United States Congress, the NRA was able to win an important concession: the final version of the legislation provided that, in 1998, the five-day waiting period for handgun sales would be replaced by an instant computerized background check that involved no waiting periods. New York is planning on making gun laws stricter. The state wants to adopt the toughest restrictions in the United States, focusing on assault weapons and mental health. New York became the first state since the Newton, Conneticut school massacre to tighten gun laws.
In addition to tightening gun laws in New York, the policy of the Secure Ammunition and Firearms Enforcement Act, or SAFE Act, gave New York the toughest laws in the nation. One of the key provsions requires the revocation or suspension of gun licenses held by people who are deemed a danger to the society. The policy bill would require mental health workers to report such patients to authorities. Gun violence facts/statistics -The US has an estimated 283 million guns in civilian hands
-Each year about 4.5 million firearms, including approximately 2 million handguns, are sold in the United States
-An estimated 2 million second hand firearms are sold each year
-The percentage of American households with a gun has been steadily declining (high of 54% in 1977 to 33% in 2009)
-The average number of guns per owner has increased from 4.1 in 1994 to 6.9 in 2004. Sources
-More than 30,000 people are killed by firearms each year in this country
-More than 30 people are shot and murdered each day 1/2 of them are between the ages of 18 and 35 1/3 of them are under the age of 20
-Homicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-24 year-olds