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Copy of Venn Diagram- Hobbes vs. Locke
Transcript of Copy of Venn Diagram- Hobbes vs. Locke
Man is by nature a social animal
Man is not by human nature a social animal, society could not exist except by the power of the state
In the state of nature men mostly kept their promises and honored their obligations...Though in some places and times are insecure, violent conflicts are often ended by the forcible imposition of a just peace on evil doers, and peace is normal.
The State of Nature
Continual fear, and danger of violent death. The life of man is solitary, poor, brutish, and short.
Knowledge of natural law
Humans know what is right and wrong, and are capable of knowing what is lawful and unlawful well enough to resolve conflicts. They can tell what is theirs, and what is someone elses. Although, they do not always act in accordance with this knowledge.
Our knowledge of objective is weak and mostly worthless in resolving practical disputes. In a state of nature people cannot know what is theirs and what is someone else's. In practice morality is for the most part merely a command by some person or group, or God.
The gap between our ideas and words about the world, and the world itself, is large and difficult, but still, if one man calls something good, while another man calls it evil, the deed or man referred to still has real qualities of good or evil.
It is the naming, that makes it so. Sometimes Hobbes comes close to the Stalinist position that truth itself is merely the will of the ruler.
Peace is the norm, and should be the norm. We can and should live together in peace by refraining from molesting each other's property and persons, and for the most part we do.
Men cannot know good and evil, and in consequence can only live in peace
together by subjection to the absolute power of a common master.
The Social Contract
We give up our right to ourselves exact punishment for crimes in return for impartial justice backed by overwhelming force. We retain the right to life and liberty, and gain the right to just, impartial protection of our property
If you shut up and do as you are told, you have the right not to be killed
(5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679)
29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704)
Born in England
Influenced by classic Greek Philosophers Plato and Aristotle.
Added their personal opinions and ideas about important subjects and forever changed the way people thought and viewed many issues.
"Glass Half Empty"
"Glass Half Full"