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Ryan MacRae

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of Isolation

Isolation What does it mean to be isolated? Socially? Physically? Individually? Nationally? Wikipedia def of an isolated community:
a community that lacks transportation links that would be considered normal Is this the only way a community can be isolated? Psychologically? What if our society was isolated? What might happen? How would our views of the world change? Carousel Brainstorming Instructions:
Groups of 5
Find an open space in the room
Brainstorm with your group on the poster
After 8-10 mins rotate clockwise and add on to next poster
Star anything you disagree with 1 2 3 4 5 8-10 Mins Look At What You Guys Came Up With? Geographically? What are some of the pros/cons of isolation? Article http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/time-to-lead/why-canada-needs-a-flood-of-immigrants/article4105032/?page=all Immigration to Canada Why might Japan want to implement a policy of isolation during the Edo period? Genie Definition: Isolate cause (a person or place) to be or remain alone or apart from others Chemistry What are some reasons a country may want to isolate itself from another country? Japan's Period of Isolation Japan's & Other Countries Trade with Asia -At the start of the Edo Period Japan was actively trading with many countries.

-In the 15th century, trade routes with Korea had been established to control piracy.

-In the 16th century, trade with China had been opened through a network of trading stations established by Chinese merchants and Europeans. Start of Edo Continued -Japanese trading ships were traveling to the Philippines and Siam (modern Thailand).

-Japan had built its first ocean-going Western style ship. Many European ships were arriving on Japan’s shores. Spread of Christianity Many European ships carried Roman Catholic missionaries who wanted to convert the citizens of Japan to Christianity.

Between 1549 to 1587, Jesuit missionaries under Francis Xavier converted 150 000 Japanese to Christianity in the Nagasaki area.

In 1587, Shogun Hideyoshi ordered all missionaries to leave and later had 26 Franciscan missionaries executed. Jesuit Missionaries In Japan Spread of Christianity Continued After the death of Shogun Ieyasu the Bakufu, the centralized military government headed by the shogun, became more and more concerned about the spread of Christianity.

They were worried that Christian daimyo would be more concerned with following their Christian leader rather than the shogun.

Fearing a loss of control the shogun isolated Japan from the western world and introduced a series of edicts which were legal orders. Tokugawa Ieyasu did not want Japanese people exposed to Western ideas.

Ieyasu was also concerned about how the Europeans were establishing colonies in the places they had explored.

Ieyasu wanted to preserve Japan’s safety and sovereignty.

Ieyasu decided to allow Dutch, Korean, and Chinese ships to land at one port: the island of Deshima in the Nagasaki Bay. Nagasaki Bay National Seclusion Policy Developed from 1633 to 1639, was an effort by the Bakufu to strengthen its authority and maintain a strong centralized government.

It set out controls on the interaction between Japanese and foreigners. Closed Country Edict of 1635 Japanese ships are strictly forbidden to travel to foreign countries.

No Japanese is permitted to go abroad. Anyone who attempts to do so must be executed.

If any Japanese returns from overseas after residing there, he must be put to death. Rules Continued If any other barbarians (Westerners) teach Christianity or commit crimes, they may be put into prison.

No single trading city shall be permitted to purchase all the merchandise brought from foreign ships.

Portugal ships are banned from Japanese parts. Any ship disobeying this order will be destroyed and it’s crew and passengers executed. The era after the final edicts if national isolation is referred to as Sokoku (sah-koe-koo) meaning “closed country,” even though Japan was never entirely closed. Confucian Beliefs & Values Confucianism was a system of beliefs that focused on morals, education, and a strict order in government and society.

The Confucian philosophy was introduced to Japan from China by way of Korea in the early medieval period.

The Tokugawa shoguns embraced these values to enhance their power and authority. Confucian Beliefs & Values Emphasizes the relationship between human beings rather than the idea of a god or higher supernatural being.

Each person has a distinct role in society.

Believes the past is important.

Stresses objective reasoning as the basis of learning. Influences on Worldviews of Edo Japan The Tokugawa shoguns ruled in a caring manner; in return, the people were expected to be loyal and carry out the functions that were expected of their class within the hierarchical society.

The importance of the past and long-held traditions were recorded by many writers of Japanese history. Influences on Worldview of Edo Japan Confucian ideals meshed with Buddhism, which was introduced to Japan in the 6th century.

The Shinto religion, which developed in Japan, emphasized the importance of ancestors.

Schools were set up to follow a form of studying based on observation allowed Japan to quickly understand and learn Western scientific, medical, and technological knowledge. How might this influence your worldview of other countries? Get into groups of 3 or 4 and brainstorm for 5-7 mins 9/11 How did the United States respond to the terrorist attacks? Increased Security Racial Profiling Response To Attacks Immediately sealing its borders.
No ships allowed to dock and unload.
Planes headed to the U.S.A were not allowed to land.
New stricter security measures. Two Different Stories Stories of Will Adams & Nakahama Manjiro Open Text book to page 310 Questions What do you think might have made Tokugawa Ieyasu build Western-style ships?

Why were the experiences and points of view of Adams and Manjiro considered valuable by the shogun?

In the 1800s, thousands of people rushed to California, lured by the promise of gold. Would Manjiro have had the chance to make his fortune this way in Japan? Add to notes! Add to notes! Add to notes!
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