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Contributions of Tantia Tope in The Indian Revolt of 1857
Transcript of Contributions of Tantia Tope in The Indian Revolt of 1857
Ramachandra Pandurang Tope (1814 – 18 April 1859), popularly known as Tatya Tope was an Indian Maratha leader in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and one of its more renowned generals. He was a personal adherent of Nana Saheb of Bithur. He progressed with the Gwalior contingent after the British reoccupation of Kanpur and forced General Windham to retreat from Kanpur. Later on, he came to the relief of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and with her seized the city of Gwalior. However he was defeated by General Napier's British Indian troops at Ranod and after a further defeat at Sikar abandoned the campaign. Finally he was betrayed by his trusted friend Man Singh. He was executed by the British Government at Shivpuri on 18 April 1859.
Born in a Yeola of Nashik District, Maharashtra), he was the only son of Pandurang Rao Tope and his wife Rukhmabai. In 1851, when James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie deprived Nana Sahib of his father's pension, Tatya Tope also became a sworn enemy of the British.
Role in the 1857 uprising
Tatya Tope was Nana Sahib's close associate and general. During the Siege of Cawnpore in 1857, Nana Sahib's forces attacked the British entrenchment at Kanpur in June 1857. The low supplies of food, water and medicine added to the misery of the British Forces who accepted Nana Sahib offer of safe passage to Allahabad.
Capture and Death
Tatya Tope could not be captured by the British in the marathon chase of about 2,800 miles horizontally and vertically through forests, hills, dales and across the swollen rivers.Tope was betrayed by his trusted friend Man Singh and was defeated by general Napier’s British Indian troops. He was defeated and captured in 1859 and was tried by a military court. On April 18, 1859 the British government executed him at Shivpuri.
There is a statue of Tatya Tope at the Nana Rao Park, commemorating his role in Indian Independence and the Cawnpore massacre. It is located at the site of his execution near the present collectorate in Shivpuri town in Madhya Pradesh. Recently, a statue of Tatya Tope was inaugurated at his home town Yeola.