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Sociology: Taoism

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Nica Del Prado

on 17 March 2013

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Transcript of Sociology: Taoism

Taoism What is Taoism? A principal philosophy and system of religion in China based on the teachings of Lao Tzu in the sixth century B.C. It advocates preserving and restoring the Tao in the body. Main Sacred Text: The Tao TeChing
Other Name: Daoism
Formed: 550 B.C.E.
Origin: China
Followers: 20,000,000
Headquarters: White Cloud Temple, Beijing China
Leading Thinkers:
Lao Tzu – This literally means Old Master.
Chuang Tzu – second founder
What is Tao?

- It is the indefinable, harmonious power that flows throughout the universe. - Tao literally means “the Way”.

3) Humility, modesty The Three Jewels of Tao refer to the three virtues of Taoism:
1) Compassion, kindness, love
2) Moderation, simplicity, frugality
What is Taoism?
A principal philosophy and system of religion in China based on the teachings of Lao Tzu in the sixth century B.C. It advocates preserving and restoring the Tao in the body.

- Taoist perceived life, death, rebirth as a continuous cycle. The soul is not reborn; it “migrates to another life”. Their version of “reincarnation”. Life after Death
- In Taoism, death is neither feared nor desired – instead a person enjoys living. In a sense, the afterlife doesn’t exist in terms of a Taoist belief system – it’s in life that we are eternal in Taoism. The afterlife is within life itself. We are of the Tao when living and upon death are the Tao again. The longer the one’s life, the closer to tao one is presumed to have become. Eventually the hope is to become immortal, to achieve tao, to have reached the deeper life.
- Death is not really a loss but a transformation.
- Taoist believes that birth is not a beginning and death is not an end.

- Taoists teach that Tao is the force that existed before all other things. Tao literally means "the way". Taoists teach that a person should leave things alone and let nature take its course through wuwei or "not doing". In addition a person should not try an manipulate others' thoughts but instead they should be allowed to find their own way based on their faith in the Tao. Also Taoists are encouraged to take care of their physical health and longevity so that they can be in harmony with Tao.

Nine basic principles serve to guide the fundamental Taoist teachings and belief system, all of which seek to enlighten people with greater clarity of, and a better approach toward, the human-spiritual existence. BASIC PRINCIPLES
1. The goal is contentment; how to navigate through life.

2. Oneness: A holistic view, which unifies all existence.

3. Manifestations of the Tao; duality of nature versus society.

4. Nature is unkind; the strong prey upon the weak. 5. Society versus the individual; virtue and self-sacrifice.

6. Humanity and justice are artificial values; man-made principles aren't authentic.

7. Non-interference; rise to action to ensure personal contentment.

8. Camouflage; disguise beliefs that benefit self-interest to avoid being chastised.

9. Desires and limitations; beware unchecked desires and unrealistic expectations.
- A basic tenet of Taoist teaching utilizes the universal energy of chi, the all-encompassing, life-giving force drawn from the dynamic interchange of polarities: yin and yang. The flow of chi, considered an essential element of life's continuum, is believed to promote prosperity, good fortune and health, while simultaneously blocking sickness, conflict and difficulty. Adherents believe it is the constant ebb and flow of chi that governs the welfare of individuals and the world around them, utilizing a combination of Taoist pantheism with an active expression of Chinese spirituality.

- Religious Symbol YIN YANG

- Taoist Philosophy has guided Chinese society for over 3000 years. People incorporate it into their ordinary lives and find joy and happiness in the infinite well of the present moment. They learn to let life take its own course: to follow nature; to do nothing and to leave nothing undone; to merely look at their own emotions as if they were mere decorations and not to allow themselves to be consumed by them; to accept who they are and to accept whatever is coming Taoist Philosophy
They learn not to persecute themselves and not to become victims of their own situations. They learn to entertain life with joy and to have compassion, love and mercy toward the world: the illusion of the physical world. They find unity in the contradictory nature of reality and see the two sides of the same coin simultaneously. They learn to keep this contradictory view of reality in the center of the cosmos and thereby gain control of their own lives forever. This is only a small window into the wondrous wealth of mystical Taoist philosophy.

Tai-shang Lao-chun (the deified Laozi); the Jade Emperor; Weng-chang Ti-chun

- patron of the arts & literature; Immortal Lu Dong Bin
- patriarch of Internal Alchemy: These are just a few among the many Taoist Deities honored with yearly festivals and/or ceremonies in Taoist temples. Major Festivals of Taoist Deities

- Each object on a Taoist altar represents an aspect of Taoist practice or Taoist cosmology.
Taoist New Year's Resolutions

- As a Taoist practitioner currently living in the United States, I wondered what my “New Years Resolutions” might be. What follows is at least a partial answer to that question: aspirations for the New Year rooted deeply (and sometimes just playfully) in Taoist philosophy and practice. The Taoist Altar

- Tomb Sweeping Day, or Clear Bright Festival (Qing Ming Jie) is a traditional Chinese festival and Taoist holiday, celebrated on the 15th day after the Spring Equinox. Tomb Sweeping Day - Qing Ming Jie - Clear Brightness Festival

- The Dragon Boat Festival, or Duanwu Jie, is a traditional Chinese festival and Taoist holiday that falls on fifth day of the fifth lunar month – and hence is also known as Double Fifth Day. Dragon Boat Festival - Duanwu Jie

- The Ghost Festival (Zhongyuan Jie) is a traditional Chinese holiday and Taoist festival celebrated on the 15th night of the seventh lunar month. Ghost Festival - Zhongyuan Jie
End of Presentation :] Edit by: Nica :p
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