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Canadian Immigrant Families - Africa

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emilee cook

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Canadian Immigrant Families - Africa

AFRICA FAMILY FORM It's hard to generalize a typical family form on this continent because of the dramatic social changes that have occurred in the last three decades, which in result have made the family pattern very broad and caused many http://people.bridgewater.edu/~mtembo/menu/articles/TraditionalAfricanFamily.shtml BY EMILEE COOK AND DESIREE THOMPSON MARCH 22, 2013 - MRS. MAXWELL - HHS 4M The traditional african family - They have more importance for the extended family, opposed to nuclear
- They look to the extended family to take part in the raising and support of children
- Polygamy is often practiced in Africa too in order to show success and high status, however it is more specifically found as polygyny (one man being married to two or more women)
- Tremendous care and respect for the elderly is demonstrated
- Less prominence of romance in marriage
- Restricted communication between parents and children For example: Aspects to change - The changing roles of father and children
- Decline of polygyny
- Greater importance of romance and freedom in relationships
- More forms of nuclear families found especially in the more urban areas Gender Roles - Different cultures, traditions, and laws have affected the lifestyles in every area of Africa individually - Generally speaking, women are responsible for collecting water, and the care of the children and the household - Although men and women have different roles, they commonly have an equal degree of power, and heavily depend on one another - Men are responsible for the more difficult mediums like wood and metal, and are the main hunters Marriage beliefs, practices and customs - An African wedding is, more than anything, the bringing together of two people as a single family, or the combining of two families or even the mixture of two tribes into one family unit - Depending on which part of Africa you are in, wedding ceremonies can be extremely elaborate, some lasting many days. Often huge ceremonies are held during which many couples are united at the same time. - In Sudan and in other areas along the Nile a man must pay his wife’s family in sheep or cattle for the loss of their daughter’s labor in support of the family - In Somalia a man is allowed to have as many as four wives if he can support them all, and it is not uncommon for a girl to be engaged before she is even born. - Bright festive colors, song, dance, and music are vital elements of many African wedding ceremonies. - In many African cultures children are encouraged to marry as young as 13 to 15 years of age, as soon as they have reached physical adulthood - Divorce is rare in African marriages. Problems in a marriage are often discussed with both families and solutions found http://www.worldweddingtraditions.com/locations/african_traditions.html Roles Of Children - Girls learn from a young age how to provide and take as the role of a mother - Girls will do as there mothers do, commonly housework - Quite often boys follow in the steps of their fathers at a young age doing structured work - All children are expected to help roughly around the age of 6 Immigration To Canada - People coming from Africa make up one of the largest non-European ethnic groupings in Canada - The African population in Canada is concentrated primarily in Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta. - Almost all people of African descent living in Canada can speak at least one official language - According to the Ethnic Diversity Survey, a large majority of Canadians of African origin feel a strong sense of belonging to Canada. - However, 50% of Canadians of African origin reported that they had experienced discrimination or unfair treatment based on their ethnicity, race, religion, language or accent in the past five years, or since they arrived in Canada. A majority (87%) of those who had experienced discrimination said that they felt it was based on their race or skin colour http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-621-x/89-621-x2007010-eng.htm#2 Socialization Patterns Sources http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2430491/ KEY THINGS... - Respect towards elders
- Sense of community life
- Sacredness of life
- Good human relations
- Importance of religion http://www.emeka.at/african_cultural_vaules.pdf
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