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Jim Crow Laws
Transcript of Jim Crow Laws
Beginning of the Jim Crow Laws
What are the Jim Crow Laws?
The End of Jim Crow Laws
The name Jim Crow was the symbol that was often used to describe segregation laws from 1877 to the mid 1960's. The Jim Crow Laws defied the 13th-15th amendments which gave black people their rights. The laws became a part of life for many African Americans. In "Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry" it says "On the restrooms of gasoline stations ... in restaurant windows, in motel windows, there were always signs:WHITE ONLY, COLORED NOT ALLOWED,".
How did the Jim Crow Laws get its name?
Rice, a white man, composed a song stating that he was Jim Crow. Rice was an actor but he usually was opening for other plays. He would wear black face make-up, sing, dance and act foolish. This attracted many white audiences. Rice ended up rich but died on September 19, 1860, in poverty.
Reaction to the Jim Crow Laws
Many Blacks were astonished and angered by Rice's (Jim Crow's) acts and plays. In 1838, others would start calling black people "Jim Crows" to offend them. Soon, state and country laws were set up and named the Jim Crow Laws. These laws strictly stated what a black person can and cannot do. In Richard Wright's autobiography it says "I had learned my Jim Crow lessons so thoroughly that I kept the hotel job till I left Jackson for Memphis,". This shows that in the 1900's, Jim Crow Laws were a part of everyday life.
Laws 1 and 2
Law 1: Never accuse a white man of lying. This law caused whites to get away with many thing concerning a black person during that time period.
Law 2: Never disrespect or dishonor a white person. This law caused many black people to get in trouble even if they were no intending to disrespect anyone.
Laws 3 and 4
Law 3: Never suggest a white person is in a lower rank.
Law 4: never claim higher intelligence or superior knowledge to a white person. Both of these laws are implying that whites are the superior race.
Law 5: Never curse a white person. This law goes along with the laws stating not to disrespect whites.
Laws 6 and 7
Law 6: Never laugh at a white person to mock them (goes along with law 2)
Law 7: Never comment of how a white female looks.
In January 1964, president Lyndon Johnson passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. These acts helped end the Jim Crow Laws. Now people couldn't discriminate on any racial basis. In president Johnson's civil rights speech he said," We believe that all men are entitled to the blessings of liberty. Yet millions are being deprived of those blessings--not because of their own failures, but because of the color of their skin,".
End of Discrimination
Blacks felt protected now that the amendments that gave them their rights could no be broken anymore. Even though it was the end of the Jim Crow era, they all knew that discrimination wouldn't end immediately.
No More Jim Crow
The book took place in 1939 so the Jim Crow Laws were still existing. Even after the mid 1960's when the Jim Crow Laws ended, there was still racism between black and white people.
By Sarah Arrieta
End of the Jim Crow Laws