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Popular Greek City-States

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Forrest Simpson

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of Popular Greek City-States

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Olympia Sparta Sparta was one of the mightiest city states.
a city located on the Peloponnesus, Sparta
at first was surrounded by smaller towns
which they took over, including the Messenians and they were turned into helots, or state slaves.
This gave the spartans time to prepare for war.
war was the main focus of sparta and was their
lifestyle, boys entered the military at the age
of seven, and stay in till the age of 40
when which they retire Megara Corinth Corinth, a major city state, was the city that started the colonization of Megara, Megara then entered into war with them for independance and won. The original city of corinth was destroyed by and earthquake, they then moved the city and rebuilt Argos Argos used to be a Mycenaean times, and was one of the earliest cities because of its commanding position in the fertile plains of Argolis. Argos was rejected and shunned by most polis' for not helping in the Graeco-Persian war Popular greek city-states Thebes The city-states There were many greek city-states at the height of the greek rule, but we will only be looking at a few of them, including: Knossos, Sparta, Delphi, Delos, Olympia, Athens, Thebes, Corinth, Argos, Megara, Plataea, Piraeus, Chalcis, Messene, Miletus, Ephesus, Sardis, Mytilene, Phocaea, and Byzantium. (Keep in mind that city-states in blue lettering are major religious centers) Knossos Athens Piraeus Chalcis Plataea Delphi Messene Ephesus Sardis Mytilene Phocaea Byzantium http://www.history.com/topics/spartans/videos#spartan-boot-camp-killing-machines originally a colony of corinth
Megara, fought for independance
from corinth and won, they later founded byzantium and chalcedon.
Megara was known for having wealth because of they're geographic position and was able to gain
wealth from trade Thebes, like corinth, colonized another polis, named plataea. Thebes went into hostile contact with Athens who helped plataea keep their independence home of the fabled minotaur, knossos, was a place full of myths and legends from the minoan era, and was the home of the Minoan civilization, and the throne of king Minos Athens was the birthplace of democracy, and is the capital and largest city of Greece, and is one of the worlds oldest cities in the world, Athens was a major part of the persian war Located on the on the west coast of Asia Minor, near present-day Selçuk, Izmir Province, Turkey. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League during the Classical Greek era. In the Roman period, Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 in the 1st century BC, which also made it one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean world. Later it was a major Roman city, http://www.history.com/videos/the-battle-of-marathon#the-battle-of-marathon The island of Delos , is one of the most important mythological, historical sites in Greece.
Delos had a position as a holy sanctuary for a millennium before Olympian Greek mythology made it the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. From its Sacred Harbour, the horizon shows the two conical mounds that have identified landscapes sacred to a goddess in other sites. Mount Kynthos is crowned with a sanctuary of Zeus. Delos had an importance that its natural resources could never have offered. And ancient greek religious center, it housed the temple of Mara and the temple of Zeus. The city sat at the base of Mt. Kronos. And the home of the olympic games Delos The polis of Chalcis was very mineral rich and interested in colonization, founding 30 townships. Chalcis went to war with its rival Eritrea, gaining resources afterwards. Chalcis was also home to Aristotle The Battle of Plataea, the final major battle of the Greco-Persian Wars in southern Greece Miletus Located on western coast of Anatolia. Close to the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria. Was considered one of the wealthiest and greatest of Greek cities before the Persian invasion in the middle of the 6th century BC it was used as athens main port. The name Piraeus means "the place over the passage". The battle of Leuctra freed Messenia, and Messene was founded as the capital. The region gave its name to Messina, Sicily, because of an influx of Messenian colonists . Captial of the ancient kingdom of Lydia. It was also one of the important cities of the Persian Empire. It was located on an important highway leading from the interior to the Aegean coast. It had a great military strength, and it commanded the fertile and wide plain of the Hermus. After the siege by the Persians, most of the inhabitants left, going mainly to Elea in Italy. The city never recovered from the loss. Its most famous citizens were the poets Sappho and Alcaeus and the statesman Pittacus. It was famous for its great output of electrum coins. It was overcome by an Athenian expeditionary force in 428 BC when it revolted against Athens. The Athenian public assembly had voted to sell all the children and women of the city into slavery and to kill all the men of the city but the Athenian public assembly changed its mind the next day. Famous Greek city-state known for its Oracle and Temple of Apollo. The head priestess was called Pythia, and the Pythian Games took place in Delphi every four years. The Pythian games were like the olympic games The Byzantines would be the wealthiest nation in Europe and western Asia from 500 to 1200 ad. Their standard of living would be higher than that of other nations in Europe and they would lead much of the world in art, science, and building. Ancient Olympia Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2012. <http://www.wikipedia.org/>. "The Battle of Marathon." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2012. <http://www.history.com/videos/the-battle-of-marathon>. "Spartans Video." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2012.
<http://www.history.com/topics/spartans/videos#spartan-boot-camp-killing-machines > Ancient Olympics Statue of Leonidas Spartan Soldier (http://www.history.com/images/media/slideshow/sparta/leonidas-statue.jpg) Spartan Soldier. Digital image. History.com. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.history.com/images/media/slideshow/sparta/leonidas-statue.jpg>.
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