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The Crucible

My digital resume for 2011.

Nichola Chan

on 8 May 2011

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Transcript of The Crucible

MAN VS SOCIETY: hestitant to share his proof with court since no witnesses were involved (rational /EGO mindset)

" am only wondering how I may prove what she told me, Elizabeth. If the girl's a saint now I think it ot easy to prove she's fraud,and the town gone so silly She told it to me in a room alone - I have no proof of it" (53). TOWN OF SALEM - The Prostitute & The Avenger
"sold out" religion/morals to keep their life
used paranoia as outlet of their bottled up emotions (ex. Putnam & Giles)
"[Sarah Good] came to this very door (John Proctor's house), beggin' bread and a cu of cider - nd mark this: whenever I turned her away empty, she mumbled" (57).

JOHN PROCTOR - Unwilling Hero (discussed further in human nature: fear)

ELIZABETH - The Servant
bounded by gender norms
serves husband (i.e. Act II cooked, washed dishes)
reveals setting

TITUBA – Outcast, Scapegoat
Easy target to put blame

arrests Elizabeth
presents warrant of Elizabeth
sets Proctor's mission in motion
Cheever’s arresting of Elizabeth starts Proctor’s journey
"I am clerk of thecourt now" (72)

HALE - Fallen Mentor
comes to Salem to cleanse town of witchcraft
witchcraft does not exist in Salem, only vengeance exists
Hale comes intending to save lives, but Proctor dies
he has difficulty in his own heroic journey

REBECCA NURSE - The Child & The Victim
continues to stay truthful to religion
does not give into hysteria

GILES COREY- Tragic Anti Hero
does not have the elements of an archetypal hero
> does not have a strong reputation
> often blamed for things he did not do
has the same hamartia as John Proctor; his motives are guilt- driven
his down-fall leads to a catharsis; the characters and the audience now see Giles Corey as a brave man who died for refusing to answer his indictment for his family and friends The Crucible Looking through the psychological lense Apply what we have just taught you Narrator - Nichola
Angel - Kenneth
Devil - Jason
Jim - Marco
Cop - Oscar What words describe what each of us portray? The 3 layers of the human mind Preconcious Level Conscious Level Unconscious Level Ordinary Memory (15%) The root of urges, feelings, and ideas( 75 - 80%) what we are aware of(10%) 5 Human Natures Fear Perverted
Pride Frustration Ambition Jealousy The Theories Sigmund Freud emphasis on
believed all human behaviour results from The mind functions in 3 aspects: 1. ID ("irrational principle) Carl Gustav Jung emphasis on rather individual conscious collective unconscious unconscious aspect libido (sexual desires) Archetypes that make us human: (1) The Shadow
darker side
devil/Satan figure, the villain

(2) The Anima
soul image
recognize in someone else (projection)

(3) The Persona
image we show others patterns of actions, character-types, themes, and images that recur Situation Archetypes THE FALL
Rebecca Nurse
Reputable in Salem community, but falls victim to the hysteria of witchcraft

(dscussed further in human nature: fear)
THE UNHEALABLE WOUND entire plot of this play was driven by fear - led to hysteria
catalyst for pretense of witchcraft
town disregarded rational explanations & defers to myths/suspicions
Ex. Giles fear of wife's unusual behaviour of reading (led to her arrest) lying to save own life (demonstrates irrational part of mind) Fear of Death Fear of the Unknown as a Witch Specialist Time to test your knowledge :) Proud Purpose & Advantages to this lens Abigail Evidence 1: has strong "ID": bound up in self-gratification, selfishness, and uncaring toward others. A pride that blinds people's mind Character Archetypes Normal Pride Perverted Pride The Puritains Beliefs People are proud of their achievements Responsibility over concerned with their achievement Blinded to see the truth Keep In Mind of... 2. Superego ("moral principle") 3. Ego ("rational principle") to understand how human actions intersect between human desires
forsee the consequences if we act based upon our desires
thesis statement

~ Overall connection to other lenses:
Marxist: Capitalism causes psychological damage
Feminist: Gender norms (setting, conflict)
Tragic: Proctor's tragic downfall resulted from superego (moral)
Formalist: "Settings effected characters psychologically, Characters developed conflict, conflict -> plot and on top of these, theme has been set. " Deprived themselves of

focused on personal holiness and spiritual understanding of the scriptures Fear of Reputation "I have been thinking I would confess them, Elizabeth. What say you? If I give them that?" (135).

“Because it is my name! Because I cannot have another in my life! Because I lie and sign myself to lies! Because I am not worth the dust on the feet of them that hang! How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul; leave me my name!” (143). John Proctor Abigail Williams Along With “Now look you. All of you. We danced. And Tituba conjured Ruth Putnam’s dead sisters. And that is all. And mark this. Let either of you breathe a word, or the edge of a word about the other things, and I will come to you in the black of some terrible night and I will bring a pointy reckoning that will shudder you” (20)

evokes fear into the girls to control truth from being exposed
Her actions are always rational thus makes her the mastermind of plot Cannot Stand and would not let failure occur There are them that will swear to anything before they'll hang; have you ever thought of that?(69) I have. I - I have indeed. (69) "It is his own suspicion, but he resists it"(69). Analysis Mind Deconstruction Obtained a new concept from Proctor, that the people might be lying to just deal with it. He thought about that he is a Witch Specialist "[He] have [himself] examed Tituba, Sarah Good, and numerous others that have confessed to dealing with the Devil" (68). Suffering between John and Abigail's sentences. John is Right Abigail is right Then what Hale did in act1 is wrong
including signing warrants for
Goody Osburn's hanging and
the thirty-nine arrested (56). Hale's career, reputation,
and the pride
as a witch speciliast will be tarnished. Unconcious level : Perverted Pride militates Overcomes his responsibility Retains Proctor's Words Concious Level : John has no evidence and his wife has been accused. Hale John Hale "There is a prodigious fear of this court in the country" (98) "You will confess yourself or you will hang!" (117)
"I will not hang with you!"(118)
reason why Salem witch trials lasted so long

Abigail & girls
Became the official of court
Used to have voice/power in society
"Abigail brings the other girls into te court, and where she walks the crowd will art like the rd sea for Isreal" (53)
"You are pullng Heaven down and raising up a whore!" (120) Situational Archetype MAN VS SELF: feared ruining his reputation The Unwilling Hero THE JOURNEY
Doing the right thing vs. protecting his reputation
to free his wife (the anima - love for Elizabeth)
Struggles to find peace with himself

“God help me, I lusted, and there is a promise in such sweat. But it is a whore’s vengeance” (110)
“Because it is my name! Because I cannot have another in my life! Because I lie and sign myself to lies! Because I am not worth the dust on the feet of them that hang! How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul; leave me my name!” (143)

Psychologically - John Proctor is not healed from his affair with Abigail – the guilt
“I do not judge you. The magistrate sits in your heart that judges you.” (55) Situational Archetype Abigail ABIGAIL- Trickster & Shadow
"God will bless you for your help" (47).
saw opportunity to get out of situation & deferred responsibility on others by confessing
pretends to be posessed/bewitched by screaming, howling, falling to the floor
defers question - never directly answers it

"Is it possible, child, that the spirits you have seen are illusions only [...] Why, this-this-is a base question sir [...] I have bben hurt, Mr. Danforth; I have seen my blood running out! I have been near to murdered everyday because I done my duty pointing out the Devil's people - and this is my reward? To be mistrusted, denied, questioned" (108)

"You are a faulty understanding young girls [...] I am sure she does and thinks to kill me, then to take my place" (61).
takes advantage of authority

The Shadow: town of Salem’s unawareness that children are capable of lying (setting)

THE GIRLS - Cowards
refused to take responsibility for actions & stand up against Abigail John Proctor Due to taking great pride in his reputation in
Salem, John becomes frustrated by the decision
he must make, whether to protect his reputation or to expose his adultery to the court. Becomes frustrated by Abigail's
persistent approaches. Abigail wants to get back with John Proctor but can not, causing her to be frustrated. Causes the functional aspect of Abigail's ID to take over her mind Due to her selfishness, Abigail decides to get Elizabeth Proctor arrested and hanged for witchcraft as a way to get back with John Elizabeth
Proctor Abigail then follows the pleasure principle. She wants to get back with John Proctor immediately and is not willing to wait for Elizabeth to die from natural illnesses to have the chance to be with John again. The action of thinking and acting as a group, rather than an individual
peer pressure. Elizabeth becomes frustrated with John Proctor as she believes he still has feelings for Abigail. Elizabeth gets frustrated with John as he is hesitant to go to court to confess what he knows about Abigail and truth of what happened in the forest. John's ID takes over as he becomes selfish and places his reputation over the importance of saving the innocent lives of Salem. Becomes frustrated with Elizabeth as she still seems to be holding a grudge against him for his adultery with Abigail. "Women. I'll not have your suspicion any more." Evidence 2: "She is blackening my name in the village! She is telling lies about me! She is a cold, sniveling woman, and you bend to her! " (23) John has not been with Abigail for seven months. However, Elizabeth still believes there is something going on between the two. She is very skeptical of everything John says about Abigail. This causes John to become very frustrated with his wife. At this point, John has had enough of Elizabeth's remarks. "I'll not have it!" Psychological Perspective: Unconscious
Level Abigail This causes irrational thinking, leading John to try to help stop the Salem Witch trials while also keeping his adultery secret to himself. V.S. "She thinks to dance with me on my wife's grave! And well she might, for I thought of her softly. God help me, I lusted, and there is a promise in such sweat. But it is a whore's vengeance, and you must see it now" Proctor reveals Abigail’s true motivations, jealousy and desire, at great personal cost to himself. If had made the revelation earlier, perhaps it could have prevented the tragedy of the witch-hunt. Mob Mentality “I have something better than hope, I think!” (21). Main Focus:
intersections between human desires and human actions Selfish Needs – Abigail wants to get back with John as she finds pleasure being with him. She does not care about what happens between John and Elizabeth. An example of mob mentality in The Crucible is the movement in which the town undergoes; in Salem, as soon as one person believed in witchcraft, more people joined to the point of near-impossibility to to return to their original state. Unacceptable Sexual Desires – Back then, in such a strict religious town such as Salem, sexual activities were probably prohibited. Abigail must have unacceptable sexual desires for John. These desires are located in the subconscious level of her brain and are part of the motive for her to instigate all the witchcraft accusations. Fears – Initially, Abigail was suspected of witchcraft. She then takes advantage of Tituba’s conversation with Hale and begins to accuse everyone else in town of witchcraft to deflect any blame off her onto others. This may be due to fear as she does not want to get in trouble or arrested. - Violent Motives – We find out Abigail wants to get Elizabeth arrested for witchcraft. This may be a violent motive as Elizabeth may potential be hanged, resulting in her no longer being in the way between John and Abigail. Abigail knows that the one person in the way between her and John is Elizabeth so she is taking advantage of the witchcraft accusations to attempt to get Elizabeth hanged. Think of a field that you are very good at VS Danforth Diginified as a Deputy Governor Confident into the judgements he made Would not let mistakes occur in his life Hale: You must pardon them. They will not budge (129). Danforth, conciliatory: You misunderstand,sir; I cannot pardon these when twelve are alerady hanged for the same crime. It is not just (129). Andover have thrown out the court, Danforth is now in a very servere condition.
There are already 12 people hanged.
He knows a simple apology won't help him, and it might get things worse. Use Proctor as a tool
to pacify the people of salem His ID cannot let him lose his pride Abigail Proctor Proctor is ambitious in saving Elizabeth. “My wife will never die for me! I will bring your guts into your mouth but that goodness will not die for me!” (76) reveals his ambition to save his wife
his ambition drives him to go to court as soon as possible Proctor's ID develops first, then his superego - she knows that Proctor will resist
- her unemployment history creates this impossibility - he does not think about the possibilities of events triggered by his actions
- he feels guilty for not taking action sooner Abigail is ambitious in continuing her relationship with John Proctor. Abigail's ID develops before the rest of her other parts mind
she does not think about reality; reveals her hope that some day Proctor will be with her
this ambition drives her into prosecuting Elizabeth One hope in achieving their goals Hale is ambitious in saving the lives of those who live in Salem. "I come on my own, without the court's authority" (60). his search for witchcraft motivates him to go to Proctor's house without being asked to; reveals his actions are driven by his ambition Hale's superego and ego are developed
he gives each person a chance to explain themselves "I do not judge you. My duty is to add what I may to the godly wisdom of the court" (64). Don't know which one is right, which one is wrong
In The Crucible, Arthur Miller depicts human nature’s struggle between doing what is desired versus what is morally right; ultimately, it leads to the tragic downfall of John Proctor. Activity #2: How does your lens relate to the psycohological lens? Activity #1: The Iceberg Eventually Hale becomes careless on purpose that he didn't even think about or investigate John's words due to his perverted pride developed by his ID. In order to maintain his pride, he has to resist John's words even though they might be true . ID > Ego John Proctor gives into irrational (ID) part of mind before death sentence “I want it” --> referring to his life
~ (Man vs. self ---- mirrors ---- moral vs. irrational) (SUPEREGO) Resist to confess his faults, continues to judge the people arrested. Went to Invesitage Witch Craft in John's House Hale thinks there might a possibility that
Proctor is right. Too late for him to correct his mistakes As a deputy governor,
the mistakes he made is so big that he cannot accept.
Unconciously, his pride and dignity has turned to perverted pride and would not let him admit the faults. He decided to avoid the mistakes by keep going on judging the innocent people, in order to make himself believe that he made the right judgement. Doesn't know the big view or a clear image of what's going on Failed to persuade Proctor.
Danforth's perverted pride has turned
him to a person that would do anything
to maintain his pride. When did perverted pride militates in Danforth?
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