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Information Literacy and the Western Balkans: a Tempus project

ECIL, Istanbul 2013 - Information Literacy and the Western Balkans: a Tempus project ; Jerald Cavanagh & Padraig Kirby

Monika Bukowska

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of Information Literacy and the Western Balkans: a Tempus project

Where does our international IL journey begin?

Internet Librarian Conference 2009
European Conference on Information Literacy Istanbul Turkey 22-25 October 2013
Information Literacy and the Western Balkans: a Tempus project
Jerald Cavanagh BSc Econ, MSc, MA
Padraig Kirby BA (Hons) HdipLIS, MSc (LIS)
Developing information literacy
for lifelong learning
and knowledge economy
in Western Balkan countries
What is Tempus?
Tempus is the European Union’s programme which supports the modernisation of higher education in the Partner Countries of Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Western Balkans and the Mediterranean region, mainly through university cooperation projects.
• An important catalyst for change in the Western Balkan region
• Develops curricula according to the Bologna process
• Internationalisation of Western Balkan universities.

What are the specific objectives of the project?
• Development of IL programs for lifelong learning their use in curricula as appropriate
• Development of innovative online IL modules for lifelong learning
• Harmonisation of the IL programs with those currently active in Western Balkan countries
• Strengthening of the capacities of Western Balkan higher education institutions for the strategic planning and implementation of IL programs
• Develop IL policy, guidelines, - goals, mission.
• Disseminate about the approaches to IL development and ensuring their sustainability.

What are the outcomes of this project?
The main outcomes of the project are:
• Guidelines for planning IL programs
• Harmonised IL materials and contents for the teaching of IL
• Training of IL practitioners,
• Development of innovative online IL modules,
• Implementation of the IL programs,
• Dissemination and sustainability of the IL programs.

Who are the partners in the project?
Transilvania University of Brasov, Brasov, Romania
University of Crete, Rethymno, Greece
Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
University Fan S Noli of Korce, Korce, Albania
University of Bihać, Bihać, Bosnia & Herzegovina
University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia & Herzegovina
University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
University of Priština – Kosovska Mitrovica, Kosovo under UNSC Resolution 1244/99
University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina
Middlesex University, Outer London, United Kingdom
The National and University Library of Kosovo, Prishtina, Kosovo under UNSC Resolution 1244/99
University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway (self-financing partner).
Tempus project Kick off Meeting
21-24th November 2011 Limerick, Ireland
Who are our target groups and sectors?
• Undergraduate and postgraduate students in the Partner (Western Balkan) Countries
• Librarians and academic staff in the Partner (Western Balkan) Institutions
• National and public libraries and their users
• Local communities
• Ministries of Education in Western Balkan countries
Total budget
Total budget is 1.3 million

Grant awarded to LIT Library from the Education, Audio-visual and Cultural Executive Agency (EACEA) = 1.2 million

Some Tempus Firsts!
• First time a project dealing exclusively with Information Literacy funded
• First time an Irish institution has been selected to lead a TEMPUS project
• One of the largest grants ever awarded for a library and information science project
Developing information literacy for lifelong learning and knowledge economy
• LIT Library have been consistent and passionate promoters and innovators in the field of information literacy for the past 10 years.
• information literacy has been an institutional, national and international journey
• Like many information literacy journey’s ours began at the Library Issue Desk teaching one to one.
So where
and when did
our Information Literacy
journey begin?
Has the project faced any obstacles to date?
• lack of awareness of IL
• differences in financial project management systems
• Highly decentralised structure of some Western Balkan institutions e.g., each Faculty a legal entity
Information Literacy and the Western Balkans prior to Tempus project 517117
• Perception that the Bologna process has made available “a fortuitous vehicle for the inclusion of information literacy in educational reforms” (Špiranec and Perjova 2010 p.77).
• The presence of IL is not visible in educational strategies or policies (p. 77).
• Library and information infrastructure is described as “poor” and organisations have no formal information and library education programmes at university level. (p. 77).
• Educational activities relating to IL are still a peripheral rather than a central concern in higher education institutions and IL programs are generally delivered on an ad hoc, informal or individual basis (Špiranec and Perjova 2010 p. 79).
Information Literacy in the Western Balkans
• Initially considerable funds and energy where expended on Information and Communication Technologies
• Now Western Balkan countries are now starting to realise that information literacy skills are also vital for the “building of information or knowledge based societies” (Špiranec and Pejova 2010p. 76).
Information Literacy and Lifelong Learning
• Jesus Lau’s well known Guidelines on information literacy for lifelong learning (2006)
• IL as a means to gain “full participation in a democratic society” (Lau 2006 cited in Corell 2007 p 1).
• Lau’s work emphasises the importance of “curriculum integrated” IL programs for information literacy and lifelong learning (Lau 2006 p. 4)
• IL and Lifelong Learning “have a strategic, mutually reinforcing relationship with each other that is critical to the success of every individual, organization, institution, and nation-state in the global information society”. (pg. 12).
What is Information Literacy?
• …the ability to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information” (ALA 2000 p. 2)
• has grown even more in importance in recent years (Bruce 1999).
• Zurkowski is recognised as the first to mention the term information literacy in 1974 (Webber 2000 cited in Breen and Fallon 2005 p. 1)
• However, IL began to be discussed in the 1960’s as educators felt the phenomenal surge in knowledge and rapid technological change (Bruce 1997).
• Emergence of IL has propelled librarians from their traditional role as custodian, access and distributor (Carver 2007)…
• Into the world of teaching and training,
• A world where information literacy is now widely recognized as the “trademark pedagogy of librarianship.” (Kapitzke 2003 cited in Montiel-Overall 2007 p. 59).
• IL is often linked with related literacies such as media literacy, internet literacy, digital literacy, computer literacy, technological literacy however as explained by Eisenberg (2010)…
• Information literacy is the “unifying” overarching literacy within which these other literacies fall under. (Eisenberg 2010).
• Sundin (2008 p. 27) states that “there is no consensus on how to define the concept…”
Western Balkan Education Systems
• influenced by two major European Union initiatives in higher education – the Bologna Process and also the Lisbon Strategy –establishing a “Europe of Knowledge” (Elken, Gornitzka, Maassen, & Vukasovic, 2011 cited in Vukasovic 2012 p. 5).
• Western Balkan region passed the 1990’s in what Vukasovic calls “international isolation” (p. 10).
• minimal communication with academia internationally
• In 2000’s Bologna process related reforms occurred in WB countries

An Overview of the Western Balkans
• Following the wars between the former Yugoslav republics and the dissolution of Yugoslavia, six republics achieved international recognition as sovereign republics Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.
• Following this the European Union Stabilisation and Association Process helped to bring a desire for regional cooperation particularly in the area of education reform (Delevic 2007).
• However problems persist despite these interventions. Poverty and economic vulnerability deepen;
• there is “rupture or low performance of social welfare”, erosion of social fabric and social capital (European Training Foundation 2011p. 1).
• A common theme that defines strategies in every country in the region relates to their efforts, individually and collectively, to re-orient and re-align their economic and political systems with the rest of Europe (Špiranec and Pejova 2010).
Project Management techniques and Execution of the project plan
• Project Management Committee- (PMC): decision making and implementing body of the Consortium-
• Didactic Working Group (DWG): responsible for developing IL guidelines
• Scientific Working Group (SWG): responsible for IL content and program harmonisation
• Information Literacy Training Working Group (ILTWG): IL training of librarians and teaching staff. ILTWG organises IL seminars, IL workshops, meetings, short visits, web conferencing
• Information Literacy Module Working Group (ILMWG): development of online modules and online content.
• Evaluation Working Group (EWG): establishing specific performance indicators for evaluating the progress and the results of the specific activities during the implementation of the Project.
From 2004 we began promoting information literacy strongly in our institution:
• Subject Librarian structure
• Ask a Librarian Service
• Information Literacy policies and procedures
• Information Literacy Frameworks
• LIT Library regarded as the authority on Referencing citation & avoiding plagiarism in our Institution.
• Not just library but an Institutional shift from using the term “User Education” to term “Information Literacy” evident in institutional policy.
• From teaching one to one at the Library Issue Desk to going into classrooms in LIT.
• Holding lunchtime training in a 23 person capacity Library Training Room
IL on a National Level
• LNSS- LIT led collaboration between the Shannon Consortium libraries of Limerick Institute of Technology (Project Leader), University of Limerick, Mary Immaculate College, Limerick and the Institute of Technology, Tralee.

• Two main strands: Library Staff Development and Information Literacy.
Developing IL on an International Level
Success in securing funding in other EU programmes such as Grundtvig (collaboration with Hacettepe University)
Tempus success!
Success finally in 2011 after 2 failed application attempts (success rate in Tempus is less than 10%)

• One of the largest grants ever awarded for a library and information science based project since the Tempus programme began in 1990
• first Irish institution to lead a Tempus project in the history of the TEMPUS programme,
• first time a project dealing with information literacy funded.
Tempus project 517117- Project outcomes
• robust management structure has been put in place comprising of a Project Management Committee and 5 Working Groups

• LIT Management Team- Project Leader, Project Coordinator and Financial Coordinator who ensure daily project management

• Publication of significant Guidelines, curricula and syllabus

• Suite of online IL modules that will be developed in each Western Balkan institution (rollout January 2014).
Tempus project 517117- activities:
• Project Kick off Meeting Limerick city November 2011.
• PMC and other Working groups were formed
• Management structure put in place.
• Key Project Working Group Meetings in Brasov, Romania; Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bergen, Norway; Rethymno, Crete, Greece; Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Tirana, Albania
• EWG meeting in Bergen, Norway (Quality plan)
• Dissemination activities e.g. regional conferences (Montenegro) + International IL conferences (Bihać)
• IL presentations made by WB institutions to Faculty and Librarians.
• One week Information literacy training visits- EU partners to WB and vice versa
• Dissemination in Western Balkan institutions : Media e.g. television, radio, Web and the project website http://www.ringidea.org
Didactic Working Group Meeting, Brasov Romania February 2012
Public presentation of the Project Prishtina, Kosovo under UNSC Resolution 1244/99” January 2012
Our journey has taken us from…
Teaching IL on a one to one basis at the Library Issue Desk
Teaching IL in Library Training Room’s and classrooms in liaison with academics
Developing IL nationally in an LIT led Consortium
Developing IL for Adult Education (Grundtvig)
Developing IL internationally in the Western Balkans and beyond.
Tempus project 517117: Future Developments
• May-November 2013 one week IL training visits for Western Balkan institutions to EU and vice versa
• Rollout of online IL modules (January 2014).
• Implementation and rollout of the IL programs i.e. actual rollout of the program.
• more dissemination to Faculties, Libraries
• Increase dissemination to non-academic partners.
• Sustainability through embedding in curricula
• Western Balkan Network for Information Literacy International Workshop (2014).
One week training visit to Kosovoska Mitrovica, Kosovo under UNSC Resolution 1244/99
Teaching information literacy in Divided Cities
The 10th International Librarians’ Conference with special theme: Information Literacy, Bihac,
Bosnia and Herzegovina June 2013
Didactic Working Group University of Crete, Greece December 2012
2nd Scientific Working Group Meeting,
Mostar Bosnia and Herzegovina
The 9th International Librarians’ Conference with special theme: Information Literacy,
Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina June 2012
Association of College and Research Libraries (2000) Presidential Committee on Information Literacy: Final report. Chicago: American Library Association. Retrieved August 29, 2012 from http://www.ala.org/acrl/publications/whitepapers/presidential
American Library Association (1989) Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report. Chicago: American Library Association, available: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/publications/whitepapers/presidential.cfm [accessed 5 January 2012].
Breen, E and Fallon, H. (2005) Developing student information literacy to support project and problem-based learning, in Barrett, T. Mac Labhrainn, I. and Fallon, H (eds.) Handbook of enquiry and problem based learning: Irish case studies and international perspectives. Dublin: AISHE, available: http://www.aishe.org/readings/2005-2/chapter17.pdf [accessed 11 December 2012].
Bruce, C. S. (1999) Workplace experiences of information literacy. International journal of information management 19: pp.33-37.

Bruce, C.S. (1997) The relational approach: a new model for information literacy. The New Review of Information and Library Research 3 pp 1-22
Cavanagh, J. (2008) Library Network Support Services, Limerick: Limerick Institute of Technology, available: http://www3.ul.ie/shannonconsortium/TheShannonConsortiumLibraryNetwork.ppt#1 [accessed 23 January 2012].
Carver, B. (2008). Creating an institutional repository: a role for libraries. Ex-Libris: a weekly E-Zine for librarians and information junkies. June 27th 2003. Available at http://marylaine.com/exlibris/xlib181.html
Corell, S. (2007) Benchmarking strategic engagement with information literacy in higher education: towards a working model. Information research 12 (4) paper 328, available: http://informationr.net/ir/12-4/paper328.html [accessed 7 November 2012].
Delevic, M. (2007) Regional cooperation in the Western Balkans. Paris: European Union Institute for Security Studies, available: http://www.christophesolioz.ch/links/doc/2007/2007_chai.pdf [accessed 14 November 2011].
Eisenberg, M. (2010) What is information literacy? [Video online], available [accessed 21 November 2012].
European Training Foundation (2011) VET for social inclusion in the Western Balkans and Turkey: towards regional actions, Consultation Workshop Torino, 12-13 December 2011. Turin: European Training Foundation, available: http://www2.lse.ac.uk/europeanInstitute/research/LSEE/PDF%20Files/Newsbites/01/ETF3.pdf [accessed 29 November 2011].
Lau, J. (2006) Guidelines on information literacy for lifelong learning. The Hague: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. Retrieved June 11, 2012 http://archive.ifla.org/VII/s42/pub/IL-Guidelines2006.pdf [accessed 11 June 2012].
Montiel Overall, P. (2007) Information literacy: toward a cultural model. Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science 31(1): pp. 43-68.
Špiranec, S and Pejova, Z (2010) Information literacy in South-East Europe: Formulating strategic initiatives, making reforms and introducing best practices, The International Information & Library Review 42 (2): pp. 75-83, available: Science Direct [accessed 14 November 2011].
Sundin, O. (2005). Negotiations on information-seeking expertise: a study of web-based tutorials for information literacy. Journal of documentation 64(1): pp. 24-43.

Vukasovic, M. (2012) European Integration in Higher Education in the Western Balkan Countries A review of literature, Working Paper, No. 1, October 2012 EIHER-WBC Working Paper Series, available: Working Paper, No. 1, October 2012 EIHER-WBC Working Paper Series, available: http://www.herdata.org/public/2012-1_Vukasovic.pdf [accessed 30 January 2013].
Its still not too late to join The Gathering!
Thank you
European Conference on Information Literacy Istanbul Turkey 22-25 October 2013
Information Literacy and the Western Balkans:
a Tempus project

Jerald Cavanagh BSc Econ, MSc, MA
Padraig Kirby BA (Hons) HdipLIS, MSc (LIS)
Tempus project Kick off Meeting
21-24th November 2011 Limerick, Ireland
International Conference: Strategic and Collaborative Interdisciplinary Approaches for Information Literacy Skills,
Poiana Brasov,
Romania, 2009
Full transcript