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Black Plague

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Dur dur Dur

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of Black Plague

Towns and Trade
The Crusades
The Black Plague
The Hundred Years War
Morven And Harrison's Project

The Hundred Years War
caused the idea of nationalism, people were interested in their individual nations all of a sudden rather than just their nobles.
caused peasants to revolt, they were now the centerpieces of an army and they demanded more rights and better treatment
Chivalry dies; A noble's knights were no longer useful, longbows easily countered them. Nobles lost power because of the fact that a whole class of Feudalism was now obsolete.
The new allegiance to a nation led to the rising of kings; kings gained power and therefore made a stronger central government. In effect, he stole power from the nobles.
For France and perhaps a little bit for Britain as well, the Hundred Years War negatively impacted the noble population present in those countries. The kings were able to gain more power because the nobles were no longer present.
Black Plague Church lost power, its prayers failed to stop the plague and people began to lose faith.

The price of land went down because of all the land that was no longer owned by the dead lords
People saw that life could end very easily, so they wanted to enjoy it while they could. Peasants began to detest the life they lived on manors.
There were less commoners, so the remaining demanded much more money from their lords.
The lower class weakened feudalism by rising in the feudal system with the higher wages. They could become tenant farmers with all that money and become much wealthier.
Trade And Towns
After the Crusades, people suddenly began to be interested in trade again. People suddenly saw many exotic and wonderful things, as well as unbelievable wealth.
Of course, trade started to increase, and this led to the rise of towns.
Towns began to host markets; people would go to the markets to buy and sell things that they wanted.
Guilds were created for talented craftsmen. Guilds also gave towns people work.
Farmers developed new and more efficient methods that could support larger populations
Towns ultimately prospered and grew, and peasants began to flock to the towns in search of freedom and wealth.
Serfs that ran away obviously weakened the nobles' powers, and those that remained were encouraged to rebel.

The Crusades! The Crusades most obviously led to the increase of trade.
Crusaders saw the great wealth in the Middle East in the form of "exotic" foods and spices
People began to learn again. Classical works that weren't preserved by the Christians, but were by the Muslims, are rediscovered and put to use.
Many people left Europe and never came back, obviously putting strains on the Feudal System. (There were less people to give work to/ less management.) For example, a whole group of serfs might leave for the Crusades, or the Noble himself might leave.
This increase in trade & the increase in education resulted in a much wealthier, smarter population. Everybody began to have more opportunuties, and since these opportunities weren't available on manors, peasants began to leave.
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