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Copy of Copy of Radiation Concept Map

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Jen Jen

on 26 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Radiation Concept Map

Radiation & Nuclear
Reactions

Types of Radiation
Atoms
Composition
Interaction Between Particles
Strong Interaction
Weak Interaction
Electromagnetism
Gravitational
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Ions
Ionizing Radiation
Nuclear Radiation
Background Radiation
Radioactive
Decay
Key Points
and Concepts
Applications of Radiation
& Nuclear Reactions


Everyday radiation, that is emmited
from natural sources such as the sun,
some minerals, and human technology.
Waves or particles that carry enough energy
to remove electrons from atoms, turning
them into positive ions.
Ionizing radiation that is emmited from
the nucleus of an atom, and is able to
transform atoms into different types.
This type of radiation can cause cell damage,
which is why we are able use it for killing
cancerous cells.

This type of radiation is
responsible for radioactive decay,
where a parent nucleus suddenly
decays into a daughter nucleus.


Ions are created when the number of protons in an
atom exceeds the number of electrons, or vice versa.


Antiparticles
Every particle has a corresponding antiparticle, which
is the same in every way except for having opposite
charges.
Gamma Decay
Alpha Decay
Beta Decay
This type of decay results in a helium atom
and a daughter nucleus with 2 less protons
and 2 less electrons.
This type of decay turns 1 neutron in the
nucleus into a neutron, and generates
an electron.
This type of decay emits a photon when the
nucleons (protons and neutrons) reach a lower
energy state.
-Medical Purposes

-Military Weapons

-Nuclear Generators

-Irradiating Food

-Security Devices

-Several Houshold
Products




Nuclear fusion is when an element is joined with
another element which creates energy, and nuclear
fission is when an element is broken up which also
creates energy.
Full transcript