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The Influence of Greek Mythology on Renaissance Art

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Dominique Bougie

on 8 April 2014

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Transcript of The Influence of Greek Mythology on Renaissance Art

Lorenzo Ghiberti

Florentine Italian artist during the Early Renaissance

Ghiberti's pieces of art were prime examples of classical Greek inspiration

Best known for creating the Florence Baptistery doors
Florence Baptistery Doors
Primarily made up of biblical characters and scenes
Made of all bronze

Raphael
Humanism
Humanism was a belief that Greeks practiced in life but also in their art

A belief that humans and their lives were as important as the Gods

Humanism paintings and sculptures showed humans in superficial light, chiseled, & flawless

Humanism sparked interest in the "beauty" of an individual and humanity itself
Michelangelo's David Statue
What is the Renaissance?
The Influence of Greek Art & Mythology on Renaissance Art

Humanism became a central theme for artists which led to the "rebirth" of classical Greek style

Sculptures during this time looked realistic and nudity was common because it showed off the body

Paintings during this time focused on the beauty of the human being and depicted scenes of human interest
Michelangelo
One of the most famous artists during the Renaissance to have studied Greek sculptures and ideas and incorporate them into his artwork
Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance

Well known for his Greek Mythology inspired painting, The Triumph of Galatea
Where did it take place?
Italy/Northern Europe
The word Renaissance means "rebirth"
One of the most creative periods in Europe
Inspired by Ancient Greece and Rome civilizations
When did it take place?
1400-1600
How Humanism affected Renaissance Art
The Triumph of Galatea
In Greek Mythology, Galatea had fallen in love with the peasant shepherd Acis. Her husband (or companion) Polyphemus found the two lovers together and killed Acis.
Galatea is meant to represent ideal beauty in this painting (ex. of humanism)
All three of these Renaissance artists were greatly inspired and influenced by Ancient Greece and Greek Mythology. They reawakened old ideas and artistic expressions and brought Greek art back to the surface.
RECAP
Bibliography
Freedman, Luba. Classical myths in Italian Renaissance painting. Cambridge [England: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Print.
Junker, Klaus. Interpreting the images of Greek myths: an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Print.
Kilinski, Karl. Classical myth in western art: ancient through modern. Dallas, Tex.: Meadows Musesum and Gallery, Southern Methodist University, 1985. Print.
Kilinski, Karl. Greek myth and Western art: the presence of the past. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Print.
Mayerson, Philip. Classical mythology in literature, art, and music. Waltham, Mass.: Xerox College Pub., 1971. Print.
Campbell, Stephen J.. The cabinet of Eros: Renaissance mythological painting and the studiolo of Isabella d'Este. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004. Print.
Picture References
Picture 1: http://www.biography.com/people/michelangelo-9407628
Picture 2: http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/8533
Picture 3: http://www.nndb.com/people/688/000084436/
Picture 4: http://oltrepistoia.wordpress.com/2013/10/09/il-mio-bel-san-giovanni-the-baptistery-of-florence/
Picture 5: http://www.abcgallery.com/R/raphael/raphael.html
Picture 6: http://www.royalacademyprints.com/image/808484/unknown-artist-after-raphael-the-triumph-of-galatea
Dominique Bougie
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