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Tafsir Juz 'Amma Class #4 Surah Kaafiroon and Kawthar
Transcript of Tafsir Juz 'Amma Class #4 Surah Kaafiroon and Kawthar
"Indeed, We have granted you, [O Muhammad], al-Kawthar. So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone]. Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off." [1-3]
This is an early
Also known as
Theme of the Surah:
Freeing oneself from Shirk and Kufr
Reason for revelation:
The disbelievers of Quraysh invited the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, to worship their idols for a year and they would (in turn) worship his God for a year. Allah revealed this surah as a response.
*They wanted to negotiate because they saw the flaws in their worship. The Prophets' arguments made sense to them.
Virtues of this Surah:
1. The Prophet recited this surah with Ikhlas in the two rakahs of Tawaf (Muslim)
2. He also recited it for the sunnah of Fajr (Muslim)
3. It is equivalent to a fourth of the Qur'an (Ibn Kathir)
"Say, 'O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worship. Nor are you worshipers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshiper of what you worship.Nor will you be worshipers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion." [1-6]
This is an
Theme of the Surah:
The high status of the Prophet (peace be upon him)
Reason for revelation:
The Prophet's two sons died, first Qaasim and then Abdullah. When the sons died Quraysh were happy because, to them, it meant that his message will end once the Prophet dies.
'As bin Wa'il said, "He is Abtar (cut off)!" Allah then revealed this surah to the Prophet to comfort and remind him of the blessings Allah will bestow on him.
There is a principle: al-Jazaa min jinsil 'Amal "The reward is the same as the action", and because of 'As bin Wa'il's statement his name has been forgotten in history. While the message of Muhammad, and his name, remains until today.
Surah Kaafiroon and Kawthar
By: Abu Awzaa'ee AbdusSalaam
City College MSO/WII Fall '14
Dissociating oneself from shirk and kufr was the Sunnah of all the Prophets.
"And remember, when Abraham said to his father and his people, 'Indeed, I am disassociated from that which you worship'"
[Surah Zukhruf: 26]
Allah did not send down this way of life to compromise with other ways of life.
"(Allah) is the One who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to make it victorious over all (other) religions even though the Mushrikun hate it." [Surah Saff: 9]
Why is there a repetition between verses 2-5?
-To show that their worship and the Prophet's worship is not the same in the past, present, and future.
We should apply this to our lives today by practicing the
of Islam (like prayer) and not compromising with our bosses, teachers, parents, and others.
What is Kawthar? 2 meanings:
1. Abundant good: Allah granted the Prophet abundant good in this life and the next. From them:
a. He has been given 5 things which no other prophet received...[Jaabir-Bukhari and Muslim]
b. Maqaam al-Mahmood [Israa: 79]
c. The Great Intercession, and many other blessings...
2. A River in Jannah (which is another blessing). It is described as:
Flowing over pearls, on banks of gold and silver. [Tirmdhi]
The water is whiter than milk, it is better smelling than musk, sweeter than honey, and its vessels are like the stars in the sky.
Allah informs the Prophet to be thankful for these blessings by doing deeds: Prayer and Sacrifice. This shows that deeds is a form of thanking Allah, and it is not only by the tongue.
Pillars of Shukr:
1. Realizing that the blessing is from Allah alone
2. Using that blessing in a way to please Allah
3. Speak about that blessing to others: "But as for the favor of your Lord, speak about it." [Surah Duhaa: 11]
Allah singled out salah and sacrifice because they are two of the greatest actions one can do when giving thanks.
Allah said slaughter a camel because it was the best and most valuable wealth to the arabs.
Nahr means to slaughter a camel by cutting the area where the neck and chest meet while Dhabh means to slaughter sheep and other animals through their neck veins.