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(E7) Optional and required relative pronouns

Why and How???

Magdalena Palomares

on 14 November 2016

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Transcript of (E7) Optional and required relative pronouns

Optional and required relative pronouns Relative pronoun -> Introduces a relative clause It "relates" to the word it modifies. The person who phoned me last night is my teacher. Example relates to "person", which it modifies introduces the relative clause "who phoned me last night" There are five relative pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, that Who (subject) and whom (object) are generally only for people.
Whose is for possession.
Which is for things.
That is used for things or people. When the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause, or it shows possession, the relative pronoun is required. When it is the object, it is usually optional... whom is optional People who / that are worried about the effect of pesticides on the environment are buying organic produce. Alternative therapies that / which help fight stress are on the rise. More professionals whose managers allow it are opting to "telecommute" or work from home. Hybrid cars are an option (that/which) more people are using. Coffee shops are everywhere, charging higher and higher prices to the caffeine-addicted customers (who/whom/that) they serve.
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