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Social and Emotional Development
Transcript of Social and Emotional Development
Unit 2: Social Development
Unit 3: Moral Development
Unit 1 is about the process of emotional development in children, with a focus on the emotional needs that need to be fulfilled in order to develop a baby's future identity.
The main idea of this unit is to understand emotional relationships as a strong base for learning.
Maslow explains the human needs as a hierarchy. According to him, to develop our personal identity and self-actualization, first we need to satisfy some basic and psychological needs.
During childhood, these needs will be provided by the attachment figure, generally, the mother and/or the father which whom the baby will have a special bond.
Bolwby´s Attachment Theory
Unit 2 is about the socialization process during childhood; we will learn about how social agents influence children from 0 to 6 years old.
Also we'll have some tips and specific strategies to help children to internalize rules, values and behaviors that are socially acceptable and help children in their global and personal development.
Game - Telephone
Players must sit in a circle or stand in a straight line. They need to be close enough that whispering is possible, but not so close that players can hear each other whisper.
Begin the Game.
The first person in the line or circle whispers a word or phrase into the ear of the person sitting or standing to their right.
The Game Continues.
Players whisper the phrase to their neighbors until it reaches the last player in line.
The last player says the word or phrase out loud so everyone can hear how much it has changed from the first whisper at the beginning of the circle or line.
Moral development is related to the rules that people have for their interaction with others. It is concerned with the acceptance of morality which brings along certain forms of behavior, attitudes and values in an individual. In the early stages, the child simply tries to avoid punishment as he cannot distinguish “right” from “wrong”.
Understanding moral development means considering our own value scale.
Kohlberg's stages follows Piaget's theory of cognitive development.
According to constructivism, it is extremely rare to regress in stages. Stages cannot be skipped; each provides a new and necessary perspective, more comprehensive and differentiated than its predecessors but integrated with them.
Attachment is described as a long lasting psychological connection with a meaningful person that causes pleasure while interacting and soothes in times of stress.
The quality of attachment has a critical effect on development, and has been linked to various aspects of positive functioning, such as psychological well-being.
Mary Ainsworth is known by her studies related with early maternal separation on children's personality development. She, along with Bowlby, established the following types of attachment:
-Anxious avoidant insecure attachment
-Anxious resistant insecure (ambivalent) attachment
¨The Strange Situation¨
Harlow’s explanation was that attachment develops as a result of the mother providing “tactile comfort”, suggesting that infants have an innate (biological) need to touch and cling to something for emotional comfort.
with rhesus monkeys
The Color Monster
Humans are social beings. Since birth we come in contact with other people and we constantly interact.
Although the socialization process lasts for a person's entire life, we need to establish positive and good quality relationships between a baby and its environment form the very beginning.
“Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological)”.
Baby Shark - YouTube
Over time children’s values are influenced by parents and educators as role models. Children’s moral development is linked to their intellectual development.
This unit 3 deals with the moral development of the child. These aspects of development enable the child to move further in the process towards independence.
The following situation may help us to introduce ourselves to morality and values involved with this topic.
Stage 1: Obedience
- Heinz should not steal the medicine because he will consequently be put in prison which will mean he is a bad person.
Or: Heinz should steal the medicine because it is only worth $200 and not how much the pharmacist wanted for it; Heinz had even offered to pay for it and was not stealing anything else.
Stage 2: Self-Interest
- Heinz should steal the medicine because he will be much happier if he saves his wife, even if he will have to serve a prison sentence.
Or: Heinz should not steal the medicine because prison is an awful place, and he would more likely languish in a jail cell than over his wife's death.
Stage 3: Conformity
- Heinz should steal the medicine because his wife expects it; he wants to be a good husband.
Or: Heinz should not steal the medicine because stealing is bad and he is not a criminal; he has tried to do everything he can without breaking the law, you cannot blame him.
Stage 4: Law and Order
- Heinz should not steal the medicine because the law prohibits stealing, making it illegal.
Or: Heinz should steal the medicine for his wife but also take the prescribed punishment for the crime as well as paying the druggist what he is owed. Criminals cannot just run around without regard for the law; actions have consequences.
Stage 5: Human Rights
- Heinz should steal the medicine because everyone has a right to choose life, regardless of the law.
Or: Heinz should not steal the medicine because the scientist has a right to fair compensation. Even if his wife is sick, it does not make his actions right.
Stage 6: Universal Human Ethics
Heinz should steal the medicine, because saving a human life is a more fundamental value than the property rights of another person.
Or: Heinz should not steal the medicine, because others may need the medicine just as badly, and their lives are equally significant.
Level 1 (Pre-Conventional)
1. Obedience and punishment orientation
(How can I avoid punishment?)
2. Self-interest orientation
(What's in it for me?)
(Paying for a benefit)
Level 2 (Conventional)
3. Interpersonal accord and conformity
(The good boy/girl attitude)
4. Authority and social-order maintaining orientation
(Law and order morality)
Level 3 (Post-Conventional)
5. Social contract orientation
6. Universal ethical principles
Unit 4: Sexual Development
In this unit we are going to learn about sexual development and how sexuality is important for human global development. We must take into consideration that during childhood, people internalize gender stereotypes.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO or OMS in Spanish), sexuality is “…a central aspect of being human throughout life encompasses sex, gender identities and roles, sexual orientation, eroticism, pleasure, intimacy and reproduction. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic, political, cultural, legal, historical, religious and spiritual factors.” (WHO, 2006a).
A Brief of Freud´s Theory:
Stages of Psychosexual Development
Unit 5: Behavioral Problems
Vanessa Sanchez Villaverde and Margo Savage