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Descriptive Writting

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by

Tricia Council

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Descriptive Writting

Word Choice
Descriptive Writing
By Jillian, Elise & Tricia
Specific Information

Descriptive Writing
Techniques

Figurative Language

Sensory Details

Descriptive writing involves using words to paint a memorable picture and evoke a distinctive mood.
Specific Information
Examples of Figurative writing:

Sensory Details
Dialogue
Dialogue
Word Choice
Descriptive Writing
Teaching Tools
Teaching Tools
See, Touch, Smell, Hear & Taste
Articles
http://www.iup.edu/page.aspx?id=61881
http://efmswrites.pbworks.com/w/page/47433258/Descriptive%20Writing%3A%20Sensory%20Details

"The word sensory means “relating to the senses”—in other words, having to do with sight touch, smell, sound, and taste. Adding sensory details to your writing allows the reader to experience the same sensations as your characters (Gingras 2012).
Before:
I woke up in the morning. The sun was shining, and my mom was making breakfast.
After:
The sun glared in my eyes through the half-open blinds. I heard the sound of plates and glasses clanking, so I knew my mom was busy making breakfast. I pulled the itchy wool blanket over my head, but the warm smell of toast lured me out of the bed.
Keeps writing fresh and exciting!
Personification
Onomatopoeia
Comparisons
Idioms
Hyperbole
Descriptive writing techniques make writing come alive for readers because they allow writers to shift from telling to showing.
Identify specific activities & behaviors
Name the Characters
Identify Setting
List Attributes
Yoda
Grants,NM
Gives writing details and characteristics.
Personification:
When a writer assigns human qualities to something that is not human.

Ex. "The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky."
"The wind sang through the meadow."
Onomatopoeia:
When writers use words that mimic sounds.

Ex. "The race car driver
revved
his engine."
"The hail
pattered
on the tin gutter."
"The snake
slithered
and
hissed
."
Comparisons:
Writers create images by comparing one thing to another. Comparisons can be made using metaphors or similes.

Ex. "She had a bubbly personality." "He did not want to go to the party, he was feeling blue."
"The little child was as loud as a lion." "Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get."

Idioms:
Phrases that have figurative meaning that differ from their literal meaning.

Ex. "When she said the man looked just like a movie star, she
hit the nail right on the head
."

Hyperbole:
When a writer uses obvious and intentional exaggeration.

Ex. "He was so hungry he could eat a horse!"
"I had a ton of homework this afternoon."
"This car goes faster than the speed of light."
Specific and vivid
word choice gives
writing its energy
Allows writer to show
feeling and emotion
through conversation.
Make speech patterns distinctive
Use substitutions for "said" carefully
Punctuate Correctly
Choose specific nouns
Use vivid verbs
Add colorful modifiers
Opt for synonyms to avoid repetition
Avoid "tired" words
Differentiate among similar words
Specific Nouns
Car Vs. Sports car
Food Vs. Chicken soup
Drink Vs. Apple Juice
Article:
Ban Boring Words to Teach More Powerful Creative Writing
http://k6educators.about.com/cs/literature/a/banningwords.htm​
Activity
Ordinary Verbs Vs. Vivid Verbs
Vivid verbs are more descriptive
Students should avoid "to be" Verbs
Sam went across the playground during recess.
Sam skipped across the playground during recess.
Colorful Modifiers
Incorporate Adjectives and adverbs
Be careful not to add to many
Avoid Repetition
Have students use a thesaurus to find synonyms.
Make sure they are aware that not all synonyms for a word work in every sentence.
This will have them avoid repetition in their writing.
Similar Words
Homophones (their, there, and they're)
Word pairs (good and well, learn and teach)
Tired words
Better choices
Instead of summarizing use dialogue
Speech Patterns
Have students pay attention to how other people talk.
They will develop more natural speech patterns in there stories.
A principal will have a different speech patterns than a teacher in a story.
Substitution for "said"
included, responded, whispered, replied, etc.
Shouldn't use to many substitutions because it becomes noticeable to the reader.
Punctuate Correctly
Quotation marks, commas and periods are generally used for dialogue.
Use punctuation correctly so reader knows who is talking.
If not used correctly, its could lose its meaning.

Example: Lucy is bored.
Fix: AS Lucy begrudgingly flipped through her textbook yet again, she wondered if this class would ever end. As she looked at the clock for the tenth time, she released only two minutes had passed and she still had forty-five more to go until this torment ended.
Example: The little girl was adorable.
Fix: Brystal was a fair skinned, pink cheeked princess, that everyone on the block adored. Her silly shenanigans and carefree spirit brought joy to everyone she met.
Example: The teacher sat at her desk.
Fix: The teacher rubbed her throbbing head as paper planes whizzed above her. The roar of laughter and screeching of chairs being slid across the concert floor was enough to drive anyone mad. This was it! If she didn't get her loud, disrespectful 9th graders under control soon, her head was sure to explode!
By supplying students with
a variety of tools, they will
further develop their writing
skills and become more
independent.
Collecting words: teachers help students expand their word-choice options by collecting words.
5-Sense Clusters: students create 5-senses web diagrams to focus on sensory words and images.
Listing Attributes: to help students incorporate attributes into their writing, they need the opportunity to develop observational skills.
Building Sentences: teacher presents a frame for a sentence, students brainstorm a list of words and phrases.
Blue: robin's egg blue, aqua, azure, cobalt, delft, navy, royal sapphire, sky blue, steel blue, turquoise, blue-violet, midnight blue
Students concentrate on each of the senses as they examine an object or an idea and brainstorm words to describe it.
The ____________ frog is __________ and __________.

Students can brainstorm attribute words and phrases
by observing art prints:

whirlwinds of light empty darkness
bursting out scary stars sparkle
lonely town trees dancing glittering moon
darkness swirling
Article: How Do Tech Tools Affect the Way Students Write?
The majority of educators in the study agreed that technology positively impacts students with their writing, personal expression, and creativity
Technology encourages and enables student collaboration
Allows students to access an endless supply of resources
Educators recognize negative affects technology can have on students and their education
Full transcript