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Memory

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Vicky Rounti

on 6 August 2013

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Transcript of Memory

What is Memory?
In psychology,
memory
is an organism's ability to store, retain, and subsequently recall information.
1. Memory Types
Sensory Memory
Long Term Memory
3. How to improve our memory
Use strategies such as chunking, acronyms, visual imagery, rhythm and rhyme.
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
(cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr
Memory
Less drinking ,more exercise
1. Different Memory Types

2. Memory disorders

3. How we can improve our memory
Retrograde Amnesia

Loss of memory from the point of some injury or trauma backwards, or loss of memory for the past
Self- Referential memories.

Relating something to yourself increases the likelihood of remembering it.
2. Memory Disorders

1st stage of memory
Information enters the nervous system through the sensory systems (eyes,ears, etc.)
Iconic Sensory Memory
Capacity: Everything that can be seen at one time

Duration: Lasts only a fraction of a second

Function: Helps the visual system to view surroundings as continuous and stable
Echoic Sensory Memory
Capacity: What can be heard at any one moment

Duration: 2-4 sec.

Function: It allows the person to remember what someone said just long enough to recognize the meaning of a phrase.
It is encoded in auditory (sound) form

Capacity: 7 items or pieces of information plus or minus 2

Duration: From 12 to 30 sec
Short Term Memory
All the information is placed to be kept more or less permanently

Capacity: Unlimited

Declarative Memory
Episodic memory
(Events experienced by a person)
Semantic memory
(Facts, general knowledge)
Procedural (non-declarative) memory
Motor skills, habits, reflexes etc.
Anterograde Amnesia

Loss of memory from the point of injury or trauma forward,or the inability to form new long-term memories
Make Associations
Studies show that students who participate in class and take notes do significantly better in the class than their peers who do not do the same.
http://joyreactor.com/tag/amnesia
http://joyreactor.com/tag/amnesia
Psychology An Exploration, 2ed Authors: Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White
Psychology An Exploration, 2ed Authors: Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White
http://www.apa.org
http://www.apa.org
http://www.apa.org
http://www.apa.org
Psychology An Exploration, 2ed Authors: Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White
Psychology An Exploration, 2ed Authors: Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White
http://allpsych.com/disorders/dsm.html
http://allpsych.com/disorders/dsm.html
Psychology An Exploration, 2ed Authors: Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White
Psychology An Exploration, 2ed Authors: Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White
Psychology An Exploration, 2ed Authors: Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White
Full transcript