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Pre-Referral Intervention Manual (PRIM) Review
Transcript of Pre-Referral Intervention Manual (PRIM) Review
- Provides over 4,000 intervention strategies for the 219 most common learning and behavior problems.
- Also comes with a computer program that provides individualized reports of behaviors and specific interventions.
The Pre-Referral Intervention Manual
- My first impression was one of usability. This seems like a very practical and easy to use manual for intervention ideas.
- PRIM does a great job of addressing academic AND behavior issues.
- Table of contents makes it easy to navigate to the proper behavior
-Each behavior (219 of them) has an entire list of helpful intervention ideas.
-Appendix has very helpful resources in the book, and available on CD.
Pros of PRIM
- Although there are numerous helpful ideas in this manual - it should be web based in order to stay current and more easily accessible (with pdf downloads of all resources in the back)
- Being web based would also provide an opporunity for other professionals to network with each other regarding strategies that worked and what didn't
-Some of the strategies seem too simplistic (and would imply that logic has not steered us towards basic interventions already)
-There does not seem to be enough higher thinking interventions. Most are on a basic level
CONS of PRIM
Erinn Machacek - SPED 843 Review
For teacher of any level - in any content area - this manual is a great tool. By taking us through the steps of the process on page 8 through their recommended 8 step process
1)Regular Education teacher noting behavior/learning problems (using PRIM to pinpoint specific areas)
2) Building a pre-referral consultant team to meet with teacher to pinpoint specific behaviors/problems
3) Determine Goals/Objectives for the student (strategies from PRIM are selected to fit individual needs)
4) With assistance from pre-referral team classroom teacher conducts interventions
5) Students progress is documented
6) Pre-referral team/teacher consultation to assess progress
7) If progress is being made, the process is continues
8) If student's needs cannot be met with adjusted intervention, formal documentation is used to make a formal referral.
Using the Pre-Referral Intervention Manual
Interventions are organized by type of behavior/difficulty. These categories include
A. Memory, Abstractions, Generalizations, and Organization
G. Mathematical Calculations
H. Academic Performance
I. Interpersonal Relationships
K. Inappropriate Behavior under Normal Circumstances
L. Rules and Expectations
M. Group Behavior
Easy to use manual!!!
Once you have found the appropriate category, PRIM lists multiple behaviors. Locate the closest behavior, and find many helpful intervention ideas to choose from.
For example -
Category - Memory, Abstractions, Generalizations, and Organization
Subcategory - Is Disorganized
(88 interventions in all)
*Example on next frame*
Not only does the appendix help with resources for teachers AND students available for duplication, examples of some of the important documentation we may run accorss during the process.
Helpful Resources in the appendix
1. Behavior Contract
2. Outline Form (who, what, when, where, when, how, why, vocab) - with alternate, simpler version
3. Graphic Organizers (mapping form, double column forms)
4. Multiple styles of assignment forms
5. Project outline (spelling out for the student what is expected at every stage of the project)
6. Test-taking/Studying skills/note taking reminders
7. Flash Card Templates
8. Letter writing sample
9. Abbreviations and Symbols Chart
10. Methods of Modifying Academics
11. Preventing Behavior Problems reminders
12. Reinforcer Survey (with premade lists of reinforcers)
13. Point card templates
14. Basic posted rules
15. Student Conference Report/Parent Communication form
16. Student schedule chart
17. Intervention Strategies Documentation Example
18. Learning and Behavior Problem Checklist (that corresponds with intervention lists in the book)
19. Pre-Referral Documentation form example
20. Functional Behavior Assessment Example