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Araby and Eveline
Transcript of Araby and Eveline
Dr. Victoria Gonzalez, Dr. Norman Hsieh, Dr. Gwen Nguyen, Dr. Tony Situ
"She set her white face to him, passive, like a helpless animal. Her eyes gave him no sign of love or farewell or recognition"-Eveline
Psychological Analysis of "Araby"
"Araby”, by James Joyce allows its reader to see life through the eyes of an adolescent struggling to identify himself as he matures.
Provides a motive that serves as an explanation for the boy's excitement for Araby.
Illustrated in the story are the real emotions of a boy struggling to escape his now dull past life as a child and emerge as a man with a different outlook.
However he acquires a sense of learned helplessness as the story concludes with the boy experiencing an epiphany that demonstrates the futility of his efforts to escape paralysis.
"I had never spoken to her, except for a few casual words, and yet even her name was like a summons to all my foolish blood" (438).
Mythological/Archetypal Analysis of "Araby"
The journey that the boy takes to Araby is reminiscent of the archetypal quest.
Maiden and Hero Archetypes.
The dichotomy between Mangan's sister and the surrounding world reminds us of the contrasting nature of our own lives.
Use of the epiphany as a method of indicating the universal process of discovery and self-identification.
A desolate "central apple tree'(437) among "a few haggling bushes"(437) hints at some religious connections in the story.
Historical Analysis of “Eveline”
“Eveline” takes place in Dublin, Ireland in the early 1900’s, when Catholicism, English control, and poverty creates a stifling environment unable to change, just as the dead room in which Eveline sits at the window stifles her.
The room she resides in reflects upon her, how she is just as dead and unable to change. It takes incredible strength to leave the known, no matter whether it is good or not. Eveline has spent her entire life in this house, “all its familiar objects which she has dusted once a week for so many years”, and the stagnancy of this room, as well as her life, is palpable.
This same routine shows just how much of a rut her life is truly in. Eveline desires a better life for herself, but her family is Catholic which is very patriarchal religion.
A promise to her mother reminds Eveline that she is obligated to remain as a dutiful servant to her father according to their religious tradition in spite of any of her own desires. Her intense attachment to this tradition makes her freeze up in a state of paralysis when the opportunity to escape her past arises.
The inability to draw away from the past leaves people in a state of paralysis where they cannot express themselves nor recognize their potential.
The Boy & Eveline
"I watched my master's face pass from amiability to sternness; he hoped I was not beginning to idle. I could not call my wandering thoughts together. I had hardly any patience with the serious work of life which, now that it stood between me and my desire, it seemed to me child's play, ugly monotonous child's play" (439).
"The syllables of the word Araby were called to me through the silence in which my soul luxuriated and cast an Eastern enchantment over me" (439).
"It was hard work-a hard life- but now that she was about to leave it she did not find it a wholly undesirable life."-Eveline
"He was drawing her into them: he would drown her."(446).
"Araby" depicts a neverending cycle for the boy. Any attempts that he makes to try and identify himself end up in failure.
“Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity; and my eyes burned with anguish and anger”(442).
The Boy & Eveline
Try new things. Don't regret it in the future.
Dr. Victoria Gonzalez, Dr. Norman Hsieh, Dr. Gwen Nguyen, Dr. Tony Situ, Dr. Villagomez