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Seminar 1 POLM606
Transcript of Seminar 1 POLM606
The other accompanies accounts of European integration based on modified realist theories, today known as liberal inter-governmentalism Visions and theories The conventional view: Nugent p.44
The reality: strong interventionism in agriculture, treaty signed by politicians immersed in Keynesianism, state intervention and the regulated economy, the revealing case of agriculture policy protection, etc.
Read Jabko, Playing the Market and Majone to get the story on ‘neo-liberalism’ right The treaty of Rome and ‘neo-liberalism’ Common customs union
Common market of products - Elimination of cross-border controls on the movement of goods
Free movement of people. The early days of social policy The 1957 deal The Community Method started with the ECSC but was consolidated with the Treaty of Rome. It defines the law-making process.
But it was also the engine of integration: economic integration in sector 1 bring integration in sector 2. In turn, economic integration brings in political integration. Pressure groups shift their political attention to Brussels and so even society is engrained in the process of integration The Community Method
Treaty of Rome: a common market and common external commercial policy. Role of prevailing economic doctrines of the time
Institutions gained a wider set of competences beyond coal and steel
France insistence on agriculture and energy. The Euratom treaty (Nugent, pp.42-43) The European Community and the Treaty of Rome Generally speaking, the Treaty was very much influenced by French politico-economic doctrine
Some limited US influences on the introduction of competition policy clauses – antitrust policy enters Europe via articles 65 and 66 ECSC Competition Policy Devastation in Europe (perhaps the most dramatic documentation is provided by the films made by Roberto Rossellini just after the war) and the big questions (about “the evil”, war, Hitler, etc.) raised in the unconscious collective of the Europeans
One answer was based on personal responsibility and ethics (the ‘political philosophy’ turn)
But others had already thought of a different answer during the war years. This answer was based on the organization of international politics. It was an institutional answer At the end of World War II…. Module handbook: list of core textbooks.
Cini – EU Politics, chapters 2, 3 and 4 or Nugent chapter 2
The EU official website has a lot of information & videos on the history of European integration
Please please please….. Do not forget Cini’s online resource centre What can we read today? Handbook Your expectations A French attempt to deal with the German problem
Economic means to a political end
Elite-driven: political and administrative elites
Political-admin. elites rather than economic players and business pressure groups
British tendency to underestimate their continental partners
Tsoukalis, What Kind of Europe, p.14. Nugent, chapter 2 So... what was the plan about? German question
Role of coal and steel (Nugent p.37)
Marshall plan (5 per cent of US GDP in aid to European countries)
An international solution (based on cooperation) to the German problem
Schuman plan 1950
Why six countries and not others? The British position The birth of European integration Separation of
POLITICS Road that was taken The road that was taken .... The road that was not taken Cini and Nugent provide cursory treatment of the history of integration. For those who want to specialise on the political history 1952-1985 the following are highly recommended:
Moravcsik, The Choice for Europe: Social Purpose and State Power from Messina to Maastricht
Salmon and Nicoll, Building European Union: A documentary history and analysis
Urwin, The Community of Europe
Burgess, Federalism and European Union – The Building of Europe Caveat on history of European integration Give us your experience
Find your voice
There are no stupid questions
One person at a time
Commitment: at least one paper
per week Vision Claudio M. Radaelli
September 2012 POLM 606
Seminar 1 The road that was not taken: full political integration. EDC (European Defence Community) Treaty signed in 1952 but rejected by the French National Assembly in 1954
The road that was taken: the separation of economics and politics R O A D S D I S CU S S I O N Why do “people” contest, blame, and hate the European Union?
Who are these people? Beyond 'vision'.... Trip to Brussels (more on this) EU is unique....is it? EU political system like any other CONCLUSION? There was (and there is) a technocratic vision (EU=Union of experts; let us get away from politics and politicians that have killed millions of Europeans in two world wars)
And an inter-governmental counter-vision (EU=negotiation among governments; EU helps governments; “help out and do no more”)
The vision of a democratic federalist political system (NOT the European super-state) was ditched early in the 1950s