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Graves' Disease

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by

sheril jose sao

on 7 June 2013

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Transcript of Graves' Disease

Graves' Disease By: Abeer, Promi, Nafsi and Sheirl Why and how is it cause? The treatment Is there a cure? •Anti- thyroid drugs •Beta blockers Why is the mistake? Some Symptoms: Graves' Disease The troubling hormone What is it? Anxiety
Insomnia
Irritability and moodiness
Arrhythmia- Irregular heart beat
Tremor in the hands and fingers
Sensitivity to heat
Weight loss, even though the patient eats properly
Bowel movements are more frequent
•Grave’s disease is an autoimmune disease.
•An autoimmune disease is caused when a person immune system starts attacking good tissues and cells instead of the ones that harm us.
•An anti-body called the thyroid receptor antibody results in the thyroid gland to produce large amounts of thyroxin which increase the patient’s metabolic rate.
•This extra thyroxin can have an effect on their physical appearance and moods
•Experts are not sure why autoimmune diseases such as Grave’s disease occur
Scientists have found no medications or treatment that can stop the patient’s immune system from attacking the thyroid gland and causing Grave’s disease. However there are many things that can be done to ease symptoms and lower the creation of thryoxine or block its action. Some of the possible treatments are: Patients take this kind of medication for atleast a year because it prevents the thryroid gland from producing excessive amounts of thyroid hormone. The disease goes away for a long period but eventually comes back. Some examples are propylthiouracil and methimazole. However propythiouracil has a risk of damaging the liver so is only given to patients who cannot tolerate methimazole. It is effective medications for relieving the signs and symptoms such as accelerated heartbeat, anxiety and nervousness, and tremors. Beta blockers have no effect on the amount of thryoxine the gland produces however they do have some effect on the action of the thyroid hormone. Some examples include propranolol, atenolol, metoprolol and nadolol. Surgery Surgery is a when the thyroid gland is removed surgically. Often is an option for patients who cannot tolerate anti-thyroid medications, or those who do not wish to receive radioactivate iodine therapy. Complication are extremely rare if the patient has a good surgeon. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease where the thyroid is overactive, producing an excessive amount of thyroid hormones which is called thyroxin. Thyroxin is the hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells.

When thyroxin levels are high the patient's metabolic rate increases. This can also have an effect on their physical appearance as well as their moods.
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