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Unit 1: Geography & Culture

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by

Miss Kocher

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Unit 1: Geography & Culture

What is Geography?
Geography is...
"The study of people, their environments, their resources, and their interaction."
The Five Themes of Geography
1. Location
2. Place
3. Movement
4. Region
5. Human Environment
& Interaction
Location
position on the Earth's surface
longitude & latitude
Northeast
Place
physical and human characteristics
landforms, climate

activities, religion, language
Movem
...of people, goods, and ideas
Region
area with its own unifying characteristics
Culture, political, economic
**one country can be parts of multiple regions**
Human Environment
& Interaction
how people change the world around them
Example:
Examples of Physical:
Examples of Human:
e
n
t
Examples:
"Made In"
Hershey Park
Examples:

landforms, climate
The Rockies
Rainforests of Brazil
Other examples:
What is Culture?
The behavior and belief characteristics of a particular social, ethnic, or age group.
You can understand a culture by looking at...
language
religion
social organization
customs & traditions
art
government
the economy
Language
used to:
communicate information & experiences
pass on values and traditions
There can be language
differences
in one culture!
How?!
Religion
differs all over the world!
struggles over religious differences can be a source of
conflict
religion is also a sense of
identity
How does religion influence daily life?
Social
Organization
helps members of a culture work together to meet basic needs
Family:
most important in most cultures
Most cultures have:
Social Classes:
group of people ranked according to ancestry, wealth, education, etc.
Ethnic Group:
people who share a common language, history, place of origin, etc
Government
Governments...
supply other services
maintain order
provide protection
...are organized by levels of power
National
regional
local
Economy
Geographers study...
How a culture utilizes its natural resources to meet human needs
Ways people produce, obtain, use, and sell goods and services
Culture
Region
countries that have certain traits in common
economic systems
forms of government
social groups
history religion art
Components of Culture
Customs &
Traditions
the rules of behavior
What are some examples?
Cultural rules
vary
in importance, and different rules are
enforced
in different ways
How does culture
c
h
a
n
g
e
??
People
borrow
and
adapt
new ideas and ways of doing things
How culture
changes:
Many forces cause cultural change
Technology
Changing Environment
New ideas
Diffusion
Technology
the skills & tools people use
Changing Environment
how the natural environment shapes human culture
New Ideas
how people alter their actions to protect the environment
Diffusion
the movement of customs or ideas from one place to another
Full transcript