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First Aid

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by

Christian Elvis

on 14 December 2017

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Transcript of First Aid

Choking (continued)
Ways to treat choking would be using the Heimlich manuveur (abdominal thrusts). If the object does not eject from the airway, and the patient is unresponsive, then you are to perform CPR.
Amputation
Amputation is the removal of a limb by illness, trauma, or surgery such as an arm, leg, hand, foot, or finger.
First Aid
Amputation (continued)
Choking is the partial or complete obstruction of the airway caused by a foreign object.
Choking
Christian Elvis | 2nd Block
If one of your limbs is amputated by trauma, recover the limb and transport the patient to the hospital. Call emergency services and notify authorities. When transporting to seek help, stop the bleeding by applying pressure to the affected area. Check the patient and see if he has gone into shock. For surgical amputation, applying the medication given by the doctor to ease pain or discomfort.
Shock
Shock is a medical dilemma that is a reaction when the body is receiving a lack of blood flow
Shock (continued)
Ways to treat shock would be laying the patient down, adjusting their feet to 12 inches, treat obvious injuries, keep the patient warm, and follow up.
Head, Neck, and Back Injuries
Head, Neck, and Back Injuries can be from chronic recurrence or accidental occurrence.
Head, Neck, and Back Injuries (continued)
There are many ways to treat these types of injuries, such as keeping that patient stabilized, putting heavy towels on both sides of the neck, back, or head. If you suspect a person to have a concussion, spinal injury, or broken neck, contact 911 immediately.
Sprain & Strains
A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments, which is the fiborous tissue that connects bones and joints. A strain is a stretch or torn muscle or tendon.
Sprain & Strains (continued)
Ways to treat sprains or strains include compressing the area, icing the area, or resting the area.
Thermal, Chemical, & Electrical Burns
Thermal burns are burns caused by fire, steam, or hot objects. Electrical burns are caused by electricity. Finally, Chemical burns are caused by contact with industrial chemicals.
Thermal, Chemical, & Electrical Burns (continued)
To treat thermal burns, apply cold water or a cool object to the area. For more mild burns, take a pain relief medication. For Electrical burns, clean the area of contact and take medication or physical treatment. For electrical burns, seek medical attention. For all burns, if the burn is severe, seek medical attention.
Eye Injuries
A eye injury is classified as a physical or chemical wound to the eye or eye socket.
Eye Injuries (continued)
Depending on the severity of the injury, eye injuries can be treated in many ways. If there is eye swelling, put an ice pack over the affected area. You can also use water to flush the eyes in some chemical cases. In severe eye injuries, it is important that you consult on doctor. If a foreign object is stuck in your eye socket, do not remove it, as it can cause external or internal harm to the eye ball such as cutting or jabbing at the eye ball itself.
Fainting
Fainting is the brief loss of consciousness or posture caused by the lack of blood flow to the brain.
Fainting (continued)
Ways to treat fainting is lying the person on their back, try to regain the victims consciousness, and check for vital signs. If the patient comes back to reality, give them water for hydration. If they hit their heat, check for bleeding. If immediate damage to the head if imminent, call 911.
Diabetes
There is many types of diabetes. Such as Type 1, which is a result of how the body processes glucose. Type 2 is when the pancreas produces too much insulin. Prediabetes is when the blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be Type 2.
Diabetes (continued)
Ways to treat diabetes would be through dieting, oral medications, or by using insulin.
Seizures
A seizure is a disorder when the nerve cell activity is a brain, which results in rapid and uncontrollable shaking from the victims body. They also can result in unconsciousness.
Seizures (continued)
Ways to treat people with seizures is by refraining them from injuring themselves by removing all nearby objects when a seizure is happening. Also refrain them applying too much body. You can also move the person on their side after the seizure as long as you do not apply pressure while doing so, which will allow the fluid to leak out of their mouth and not choke on it. Check for injuries and stay with the patient until they are fully functional.
How to use a Epi-Pen
An epi-pen is a epinephrine injector that can treat severe asthma attacks or allergic reactions.
How to use a Epi-Pen (continued)
1) Hold firmly with the orange tip facing the ground, remove the blue cap.

2) Swing and push the tip into your mid-outer thigh until you hear a click.

3) Hold on thigh for 10 seconds.

4) Remove and rub the thigh for 10 seconds.
Nose Bleed
Nose bleeds are caused by the blood vessels in the nose which is mainly caused by nasal membranes and nose picking.
Nose Bleed (continued)
To treat a nose bleed, sit straight up and tip your head forward slightly [DO NOT TILT YOUR HEAD BACK]. Apply pressure to the nose for 10 minutes. Apply ice to the nose or cheek to harden blood flow. After 10 minutes, check for any more excessive bleeding.
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