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Church History: Ch 1-2

Church History in Plain Language. Chapters 1 and 2.
by

Aaron Gosser

on 13 March 2011

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Transcript of Church History: Ch 1-2

Birth of
Jesus 6B.C. 25 Death of
Jesus 50 Death of
Stephen Nero Death of
Paul 75 100 Destruction of
Jerusalem Pentecost Church History in Plain Language Away with the King!
& Wineskins old & new. Q. Did Jesus intend to create a "church" seperate from Judaim? And if so, what did he intend that church to look like? 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?”
14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

15 “But what about you?” he asked. “Who do you say I am?”

16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”

17 Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven. 18 And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be[d] bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be[e] loosed in heaven.” 20 Then he ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah. church: ekklesia (greek)
An assembly; a gathering of citizens "called out."
Used in the OT to refer to sacred Jewish assemblies. a Society apart. Q. Apart from what? 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?”
14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

15 “But what about you?” he asked. “Who do you say I am?”

16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”

17 Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven. 18 And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my , and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be[d] bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be[e] loosed in heaven.” 20 Then he ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah. church Come See
Beautiful
Palestine! • Pop. 2,000,000
• Jews only half the population
• Complex, multiethnic culture PHARISEES
Emphasized strict adherence to religious rules that set them apart from pagan culture. "Seperated Ones" SADDUCEES
Conservative Jewish ruling council; elite social status / Hellenistic influence ZEALOTS
Preparing for armed revolt against the secular Roman state. ESSESES
Cloistered "monks" for study of scripture JESUS MOVEMENT
Didn't follow ceremonial laws; routinely ate and drank with sinners, "worked" on sabbath. JESUS MOVEMENT
"Kingdom of God" might prove problematic with state relationships... JESUS MOVEMENT
Kingdom governed not by lording power OVER people, but UNDER through acts of service & love JESUS MOVEMENT
Transformation rather than preservation. "The Kingdom of God has come near - Good news!" Matt 16 What comes to your mind when you think about "church"? Christ's MAIN THEME
was the KINGDOM
OF GOD. : the sovereignty of a personal God present
in his person. Testified to by "signs" (resurrection!) 1) "The NEW
COVENANT" 2) : the forgiveness
of sins through
Christ's death. Q. What was the OLD covenant? : the formation
of Israel, from Noah
through Abram to
the law & kingdom Q. So, what's the NEW covenant? "Christians" In Antioch; 44AD "The Way" a Jewish sect Influx of new believers, many helenistic jews. 1 New understanding of the law 2 3 A missionary movement Gentiles receive the
Holy Spirit. 4 "After much discussion, Peter got up and addressed them: “Brothers, you know that some time ago God made a choice among you that the Gentiles might hear from my lips the message of the gospel and believe. 8 God, who knows the heart, showed that he accepted them by giving the Holy Spirit to them, just as he did to us. 9 He did not discriminate between us and them, for he purified their hearts by faith. 10 Now then, why do you try to test God by putting on the necks of Gentiles a yoke that neither we nor our ancestors have been able to bear? 11 No! We believe it is through the grace of our Lord Jesus that we are saved, just as they are.” Acts 15 70AD: End of the Apostolic Age.
Christian response to war helps distinguish new religion from Judaism. 5 Tisha B'av the saddest day in Jewish history the FIVE calamities
• Report of the 12 spies
• Babylonian exile (temple destroyed)
• 2nd temple destroyed by Rome (70AD)
• Bar Kokhba's revolt (132 AD; 100,000 dead)
• Siege of Jerusalem (133AD) 35 “This is the same Moses they had rejected with the words, ‘Who made you ruler and judge?’ He was sent to be their ruler and deliverer by God himself, through the angel who appeared to him in the bush. 36 He led them out of Egypt and performed wonders and signs in Egypt, at the Red Sea and for forty years in the wilderness.

39 “But our ancestors refused to obey him. Instead, they rejected him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt.

51 “You stiff-necked people! Your hearts and ears are still uncircumcised. You are just like your ancestors: You always resist the Holy Spirit! 52 Was there ever a prophet your ancestors did not persecute? They even killed those who predicted the coming of the Righteous One. And now you have betrayed and murdered him— 53 you who have received the law that was given through angels but have not obeyed it.” Acts 7 "Damnatio memoriae" The Age of
Catholic
Christianity
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