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Team Charlie

Bennie Barnes

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Recycling

Team Charlie Agenda
Bennie - Issues & identify the relative local, regional, global policies
Miguel - Describe how the policies intend to address the issue, summarize the policies, cost, and timeline
Lynnnyrd - Discuss the Effectiveness, Positive, and Negative of any policies concerning the issues
Jeremy - Challenges, to policy implementation, Public opinion, Effects on individual
Presenting: Team Charlie
People, Science, and the Environment
Directed By: Dr. Veronica Ardi-Pastores
Local Policies/Programs:
Regional Policies/Programs:
Global Policies/Programs:
National Policies:
Policies intend to address the issues:
Policies intend to address the issues... cont.,
Summary of San Diego Policy:
Value or Cost:
Policies Effectiveness:
Challenges to Policy Implementation:
Public Opinion and Effects on Individuals
Challenges to Policy Implementation... cont.,
Bring Your Own Bag San Diego: Every Bag Counts
Compost Bin Voucher Program
•Reduce litter.
An estimated 50 million plastic bags become litter annually in the US. These bags end up in our oceans harming marine life, cluttering roadsides, and clogging municipal drainage systems.

Prevent waste
. Approximately three percent of plastic bags are recycled in California. Most are used only once and end up in landfills or as litter.
•Prevent pollution.
The production and delivery of paper and plastic bags uses valuable resources like oil and water. Sticking with reusable bags helps reduce your environmental footprint.
"Recycling at Rental Properties"
California's Mandatory Apartment and Condominium Recycling Law - Effect July 1, 2012
Is the practice of reusing items that would otherwise be discarded as waste.

Is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the "Reuse, Reduce, Recycle" waste hierarchy.
• It saves energy and resources
Water Recycling and Reuse: The Environmental Benefits
Give your old tree new life during

Christmas Tree Recycling
Pacific Southwest Region, 9. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved
from: http://www.epa.gov/region9/water/recycling/
California’s Commercial Recycling Bill AB 341
Since there is no national law that mandates recycling, state and local governments often introduce recycling requirements.
Four-in-One Resource Recycling Program
Pay-As-You-Go-Trash (PAYT)
Trees for Life: Impacts of Agroforestry
Good Issues:
Creates jobs from discards. For every one job waste disposal creates, recycling creates 5-10 jobs.
Recycling-based manufacturing reduces dependence on distant markets for recyclables and can provide greater market stability.
Actively work to prevent waste and encourage reuse
Petrochemical products and other hazardous materials present a big challenge to safe recycling. It is much easier to recycle or compost organic, untreated materials.
Petroleum products should be eliminated as much as possible, not recycled. *** substitute asphalt roofs with metal
Fluoridation of Municipal Water
Recycling Radioactive Waste
Toxic Waste in Fertilizer
Fly ash added to building materials & fertilizer
Recycling leachate back through a landfill
ZERO WASTE is the recycling of all materials back into nature or the marketplace in a manner that protects human health and environment
What Can YOU Do?
Eliminate, Minimize, & Substitute
The U.S. government has historically relied on state and local governments to handle waste management in all of its forms, including recycling. Although there have been a few attempts to push legislation through Congress to mandate minimum national recycling rates, none have made it out of committee hearings. Federal lawmakers are loathe to take waste management regulatory powers away from individual states which have vastly different needs from one another. For instance, less populous western states with lots of extra land for siting landfills might not be as inclined to push for higher recycling rates as those crowded eastern states with less room to store their trash.
• It decreases pollution
Wright, R. T., & Boorse, D. F., (2014). Environmental science: Toward a sustainable future (12th ed.).
Upper Saddler River, NJ: Pearson Education.
Degradable Plastics: Creates Harmful Plastic Dust

- Practical interest in local economic opportunities and development
- Cost savings
- Resource and energy conservation
- Economic development,
- Pollution prevention
- Greenhouse gas emissions reductions

Employer Upper Management Commitment -
Bad Issues:
In any type of business it is essential to have the commitment of upper management in order to establish any type of program and put together a policy for, in this case a recycling program. If do not have the backing of upper management then you will not be able to have a recycling program.
substance from coal ash: causes cancer & nervous system impact:
-Thallium, Vanadium, Cadmium, Chromium, Selenium, Berrylium
Just a few people who do not recycle correctly, contaminating recycling bins with the wrong items or throwing away recyclables, can greatly influence others. This is especially true in buildings with common recycling areas. Contaminated recycling bins, may send the message that the program is not serious.

Many people just don't recycle and just throw everything into to trash without thinking twice of separating the trash they are disposing of.
Public Opinion and Effects on Individuals cont.......
This hugely viral video from the recent Internet Past isn't really explicitly environmental — although it is awesome. It does poke fun at genuinely green content (the classic shorts of Environment Canada, which did remind Canucks to help preserve wildlife, as well as teaching them a little more about Mother Nature's quirky ways).

Plus, we figure that since our toxins are messing up many animals in unexpected ways, from fish (unwillingly) changing sex to frog deformities — as well as high concentrations of prescription drugs in the water supply — this little spoof isn't too far from the truth.

Spiders on Drugs!!!!
Financial investments are needed to be made in order to purchase the proper equipment and training of personnel in establishing a recycling program. If funding isn't available then that can be an issue.
Funding -
Training -
Although regulations are set forth in bylaws of the policy, it doesn’t mean that the employees or people involved are educated with what the policy is stating. Training needs to be done to teach the employees involved what recycling habits are to be taken in and executed. If proper training isn't presented than the recycling program cannot be successful.
Finally, our hosts, the San Diego County Regional Airport Authority continues to add new elements to their waste reduction and recycling program in an effort to model best practices for airports across the country and other organizations locally.
Additional Consideration:
Airport Security
Special Considerations for Airports, The first priority for airports is to ensure that all program elements are consistent with security requirements. Including a recycling element in your waste management plan may require additional personnel in secure areas of the airport and on the airfield.

Facility Space Constraints
Airports have unique space considerations. Gates areas, tenant space, and concessionaires often do not have large amounts of additional space for bins, and staging areas are limited.

Additional security and Janitorial services personnel is required. Additional expenses to produce flyers and signage, and procurement of recycle bins.
Crew of an airplanes has a strict schedule, with sorting through trash being collected inside the airplane is time consuming.
Recycle Bins can easily be tampered and potential placement for a bomb, and sanitation of recycle bins.
Recycle Bins will have to occupy spaces, and assigning designated collection point for recyclables
Challenges to Policy Implementation... cont.,
Airport Authority generated more than 14,000 tons of waste from their one billion dollar Green Build expansion project, and yet approximately 95% of that waste was diverted from our landfills.

Through the use of planning, designing, and innovative initiatives, the airport was able to recover over 830 tons of additional recyclables, which they estimate saved almost $200,000 in 2012 disposal costs.

Along with their many other recycling, energy and resource conservation programs, they continue to be San Diego’s premier ambassador as visitors arrive and depart America’s Finest City.
Presented: The Recycler of the Year Awards
Monday, April 22, 2013


Additional Consideration, cont...
When airlines become involved with your recycling program, time is a primary concern. Airline staff or cleaning service providers have limited time to clean an aircraft before it is scheduled for another departure.

Working with Tenants
Establishing and maintaining consistent recycling practices and educating airport tenants are key components of an airport’s recycling program. Educational material that is readily available for easy distribution to all new employees allows tenants to stay involved.

Clarity of Policy Goals
Clear policy or program goals help specify the ends or objectives desired from the
policy action. Ideally, policies should be formulated with consideration of what the actual specific goals of the policy are goal stated with clarity and specificity not only provides direction but also improves the basis by which policies can be evaluated, for accountability, efficiency, and effectiveness.
Information Intelligence
Information intelligence refers to the strategic necessity for constant feedback as to how implementation is progressing. Information and feedback is essential to gauge the degree of cooperation and conflict, which may be affecting implementation. Information Intelligence requires a high level of communication and feedback not only from the agencies involved but also from the population affected by the policy action. Implementation can be improved only if the implementers have insight as to how a policy or program is affecting a target population.
Strategic Planning
The purpose of strategic planning, within the context of policy implementation, is to highlight the importance of assessing the capacity of an agency to meet specific implementation tasks and goals mandated by the policy decision. Essentially, strategic planning is a tool with which the agency can evaluate its ability to achieve the goals of the policy, as well as plan for how the policy will be executed
Although there is negative opinions towards recycling many people and businesses that take advantage of the benefits of what recycling provides.
Recycling provides:
Bring Your Own Bag San Diego: Every Bag Counts
Compost Bin Voucher Program (NEW)
Recycling at Rental Properties
Local Policies/Programs:
California’s Commercial Recycling Bill AB 341
Give your old tree new life during Christmas Tree Recycling
Water Recycling and Reuse: The Environmental Benefits
Regional Policies/Programs:
National Policies:
Global Policies/Programs:
Four-in-One Resource Recycling Program
Pay-As-You-Go-Trash (PAYT)
Trees for Life: Impacts of Agroforestry
Energy & Water
Greenhouse Gas
1880 - 1908 - Burn, Ocean, or Lot
1908 - Waste collection contract
1950's - Burning less popular
1951 - 1983 - 28 Landfills opened
1987 - "Mobro" / 25% Waste Reduction Goal
1988 - CA Assembly Bill 939
2004 - SD Surpasses 50% Goal
2020 - 75% Goal

Generated Income
Single-family residences
Multi-family properties
Privately serviced businesses, commercial / institutional facilities
Special events requiring a City permit
Required recyclable materials
San Diego Policy
San Diego. (2014, January 13). Retrieved from Environmental Services Department: http://www.sandiego.gov/environmental-services/recycling/index.shtml

All Recycling Facts. (2014, January 13). Retrieved from Recycling Benefits to the Economy: http://www.all-recycling-facts.com/recycling-benefits.html
Environmental Protection Agency. (2014, January 13). Retrieved from Recycling, Energy Conservation, and Community Beautification: http://www.epa.gov/region03/beyondtranslation/2013BTF/SessionB-Beautification/MichelleFeldman.pdf

Gero, N., Lopez, P., Neufield, D., Wood, L., O'Connor, K., & Hartman, C. (2013). A History of Waste Management in the City of San Diego. San Diego, CA.
Environmental Services Department Waste Reduction & Recycling Awards
San Diego International Airport; April 22, 2013
The Recycler of the Year Awards
Full transcript