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The events that led up to America’s involvement in WW1

• The key events and dates • Show o What happened o How they are connected o Why they are important to America’s eventu

Kate Pace

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of The events that led up to America’s involvement in WW1

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli BY KATE PACE THE EVENTS THAT LED TO AMERICAS INVOLVEMENT IN WW1 •President Woodrow Wilson declared on August 19, 1914 to congress, the neutrality of the United States in World War I.
•When WW1 began, Wilson was not keen on the U.S. joining therefore declared U.S. neutrality and demanded that the other countries involved in the war respect American rights as a neutral party.
•Wilson believed the best way to handle the conflict was not to involve themselves. He believed that if they did get themselves involved, they would be throwing away all the progress they have made as a nation since the civil war "Every reform we have won will be lost if we go into this war".
•Wilson knew that the Americans were already divided about the war so he declared this message in order for people to stay united and not let their own, or other people’s opinions get the better of themselves.
•In this declaration Wilson is asking those who have deeper feelings and connections with specific places in Europe not to get involved and take sides.
Declaration of Neutrality (08/19/1914)
What happened?
Strict Accountability (02/10/1915)
What happened? •The British ocean liner, Lusitania, was sunk by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland on May 7, 1915.
•The ship was carrying munitions for the Allies, although it was unarmed. The attack resulted in the loss of more than 1,100 passengers and crew, including 124 Americans.
The First Lusitania note (5/13/1915)
What happened? Zimmermann Note
What happened? Peace without victory (1/22/1917)
What happened? 1.The declaration of neutrality later lead to the U.S. breaking their diplomatic relations with Germany. This was due to them damaging U.S. property and being accountable for lives lost. They connect by Wilson first declaring that America is not taking sides yet then by Germany attacking innocent shipping vessels and by the U.S. breaking the relations, they are making themselves enemies to each other which does not agree with the declaration of neutrality.
2.The British ocean liner was sunk by a German submarine which had Americans on board. Therefore the U.S. held Germany to strict accountability to the lives lost and property damaged.
3. The British had warned the Lusitania to avoid the area after threats were made by Germany that they were prepared to sink ships. But the crew refused to heed these warnings.
4.Germany was willing to antagonize Wilson by not acknowledging strict accountability. This is evident through the German attacks on three U.S. ships in mid-March.
Connections Declaration of Neutrality (08/19/1914)
How does this event contribute to the U.S.’ final decision to enter the war?
•Even though the U.S. did not want to get involved, in later dates Wilson felt as if they had no choice.
•Germany threatened to sink neutral shipping vessels, therefore President Wilson had no choice but to warn Germany that the U.S. would hold Germany "to a strict accountability" for "property damaged or lives lost."
•This act by Germany made President Woodrow Wilson announce to Congress that the United States is breaking diplomatic relations with Germany.

Strict Accountability (02/10/1915)
How does this event contribute to the U.S.’ final decision to enter the war? • A German U-boat sunk the American cargo ship Housatonic off southwest of Britain. A British ship rescued the ship's crew, but its entire cargo of grain was lost.
•This was a crucial step toward the American entering WW1.
•This declaration contributes to why the U.S. eventually decides to enter the war because it was this policy that drew the U.S. into the war two years later.
The First Lusitania note (5/13/1915)

•Even though the U.S. declared neutrality, one of the reasons why the U.S. later felt inclined to join the war was because Germany had attacked them by sinking a ship that had 124 Americans on it even though they declared strict accountability. How does this event contribute to the U.S.’ final decision to enter the war? •Germany announced that it would recommence unrestricted submarine warfare.
•Later on in March 1917, a telegram from the German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann to the German ambassador to Mexico was intercepted.
•This was called the Zimmermann Note and was later published by newspapers.
•The telegram said that if Germany went to war with the United States, Germany guaranteed to help Mexico recover the territory it had lost during the 1840s (including Texas, New Mexico, California, and Arizona) as long as Mexico took Germany’s side.
How does this event contribute to the U.S.’ final decision to enter the war?
•The Zimmermann Note and German attacks on three U.S. ships in mid-March led Wilson to ask Congress for a declaration of war.
•This announcement helped hurry American entry into the conflict.
•Wilson decided to enter the war so that he could help design the peace settlement. Wilson viewed the war as an opportunity to destroy German militarism. "The world must be made safe for democracy," he told a joint session of Congress. Only 6 Senators and 50 Representatives voted against the war declaration.
Zimmermann Note (01/19/1917) •On January 22, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson addressed the Senate and appealed for 'peace without victory' to settle the conflict in Europe.
•This plea occurred a little more than two months before the U.S. entered the war against Germany. Wilson addressed the U.S. Congress on April 2, 1917 to request permission to declare war upon Germany. On April 6, 1917, a formal declaration of war was made by the U.S. against Germany. When did the U.S. declare war against Germany?
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