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Transcript of Ancient Egypt
By : Vanessa,
welcome to the hayden corner
Cape Horn is hereby claimed by the kingdom of Hayden!
Egyptian Jobs & Daily Life
The houses of the Egyptians were made out of sun-baked mud bricks and were quite small with hardly any furniture.
Ancient Egypt was a society that needed many different people to do a variety of jobs and tasks.
Some of the jobs included farmers, who grew crops and vegetables, craftspeople who worked on jewellery and pottery, and scribes. Scribes were the only people who knew how to read and write but it took them years to learn the complex Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Ancient Egypt was a massive empire, dating back to 3500 B.C. It spanned from East Turkey to Central Sudan, to as far as Libya. In this Prezi, you will learn a lot about the Ancient Egyptian Empire.
Map of Ancient Egypt
The Nile River
Pyramids and Pharoahs
Ancient Egypt had hundreds of pharoahs, most of whom have now become preserved mummies. The mummies that were once pharoahs were usually put into pyramids so they could 'climb to heaven'.
Pyramids were laced with booby traps so that grave robbers wouldn't be able to steal the treasures hidden within. One pyramid was even hidden upside-down underground so it couldn't be found and, therefore, not robbed.
Along with the pharoah's bodies, their servants, treasure, pets and even wives were put into the tomb (even if they were still alive).
Mummifification was the process of wrapping a dead person (usually a pharaoh) in bandages to prepare them for the afterlife. First, the body is preserved with natron and salt to keep it from decomposing. Then, the stomach, liver, lungs and brain are removed from the body (the brain is removed through the nose with a hook!) and each is placed in a canopic jar with a god's head on it.
Inventions & Technology
Cleopatra VII (commonly known as simply 'Cleopatra') was the last pharoah of Egypt and is the most famous female pharaoh. She was her father's favourite child and learnt a lot about ruling the country from him. Cleo was well-educated and spoke many languages. Cleopatra's family had ruled the country for 300 years.
When Cleopatra was 18, her father died and she quickly took control over the country as she was much older and had more experience in ruling than her siblings. Cleopatra died in 30BC when she allowed a poisonous cobra to bite her, as the country was in outrage over her love affairs with the Roman leaders Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.
Thank you for watching our prezi!
The City of Hayden
The Nile River is the largest and longest river in the world. It was the backbone of Ancient Egypt, as there would be no food or water without it. The mass of water caused huge floods which were deadly but also good for agriculture. Egyptians called the flooding of the Nile a "Blessing from the Gods". It also provided transportation and reeds to make papyrus, baskets and even boats!
The Gods Part 1
welcome to cape horn!
Early settlers in the Nile Valley
By : Vanessa,
By : Vanessa,
First stone pyramid built
Pyramids of Giza built
The entire country is controlled by a single ruler
Part of Egypt is invaded and captured by the Hyskos
The country is unified
Hatshepsut becomes the first female pharaoh.
Tutankhamun becomes Pharaoh
Upper and Lower Egypt split into seperate countries
Persians conquer Egypt
Alexander the Great conquers Egypt
The Rosetta Stone, one of the most important artifacts of Ancient Egypt, is carved
The final pharoah, Cleopatra VII, dies, bringing the civilization to a close
Rameses II (or Ramesses II) was a pharaoh who ruled ancient Egypt for 66 years from 1279 B.C. to 1213 B.C.. Ramesses II had many temples and statues of himself put up around Egypt, and is known for being a great military leader.
Hatshepsut was a pharaoh who ruled ancient Egypt from 1473 B.C. to 1458 B.C.. Hatshepsut came to power because her step-son (Thutmosis III) was too young to take the throne.
She was supposed to rule for Thutmosis III until he was old enough to rule on his own. However, after several years, Hatshepsut declared herself the pharaoh. Many important people at that time did not agree with her right to rule, but Hatshepsut ruled for many years on her own. Because pharaohs were supposed to be men, Hatshepsut had to wear a fake beard and men's clothes.
Ptolemy was a general and good friend of Alexander the Great. After Alexander's death in 323 B.C., Alexander's generals and companions fought over how to divide up his empire between them.
Ptolemy gained control over Egypt, and his family ruled Egypt for about 275 years. This is called the Ptolemaic period.
Tutankhamun (sometimes called King Tut) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt from somewhere between 1334 BC and 1323 BC. He became Pharaoh at 9 years old. Tutankhamun ruled only 9 years and died very young, at 18, so he is known as The Boy King. He was married to his half-sister Ankhesenamun.
Recent studies of his body using CT scans and DNA tests show that he was a very frail person who probably needed a walking stick. Scientists now believe he died from a broken leg, made worse by bone disease and malaria. Before this discovery there were many theories about his early death including murder.
He had a disease called easfrioultris. It is deadly and contagious.
The Ancient Egyptians believed in many gods. Here are ten of the most important:
The sun god Ra was the most important god to the Egyptians. He appeared with a hawk head and was wearing a sun disk. He was believed to be swallowed up every night by the sky goddess.
Anubis was the god of embalming and of the dead, and appeared with a jackal head. Priests often wore Anubis masks during the mummification process. He also supposedly transformed into a jackal to watch over the dead in graveyards.
Isis was a protective goddess, who cast powerful magic spells to protect people in need. She was the wife of Osiris and mother of Horus.
Horus, known as 'The One Far Above', was a god of the sky and protector of the pharaoh. He, like Ra, had the head of a hawk. It is said that pharaohs were the living embodiment of Horus.
Set (also known as Seth) was the god of chaos, the desert and storms. He had the head of an unidentified 'Set' animal that appears to be an anteater. He murdered his brother Osiris and lost to Horus in a battle to rule the world.
The Gods Part 2
Thoth was the god of writing and knowledge and had the head of an ibis. He was believed to have gifted humans with hieroglyphics. He was also somehow connected with the moon.
Osiris was, along with Anubis, a god of the dead, and also of the underworld, resurrection and fertility. He appeared as a mummified man with a white cone-like headdress with feathers. Osiris was killed and chopped into pieces by Set.
Nut was the sky goddess, whose body created a canopy over the earth. She was pictured with a dark blue dress decorated with stars. She was married to her brother, Geb.
Geb was the earth god, and was pictured lying down below Nut. He declared Horus ruler of the world when he defeated Set. It was believed that earthquakes were Geb's laughter.
Atum was the first god and rose from the waters of chaos to create all other gods. He was depicted with a 'double crown'.
Ancient Egyptian Cuisine
The River Nile provided most of the food for the Ancient Egyptians, as the rest of the country was dry, barren desert. The main food was fish, as there was an abundance living in the river. This was the main source of protein, as beef and pork were rare. Bread was also a main food, and beer a common drink, as wheat was easy to grow on the banks of the Nile. Finally, fig and date trees were very common in Ancient Egypt, so they were commonly eaten.
After 40 days, the body is washed with oils and water from the Nile. Then the body was wrapped. Linen was usually used to wrap the bodies and sacred amulets were placed inbetween the layers. A priest would also chant spells to protect the body from evil spirits. Finally, scrolls were inserted around the mummy and it was placed into a sarcophagus.
Main inventions of the Ancient Egyptians included papyrus (a paper-like material used to write on), hieroglyphics, a new way to create boats, and a new number system. They used a wide variety of ingredients to make their toothpaste. Early ingredients included the powder of ox hooves, ashes, burnt eggshells and pumice. For medicines and cures, the ancient Egyptian had strange remedies. One example is that for curing an eye infection, they used honey and human brains and to cure the cough, they cooked and ate a mouse.