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8.04 World History Chase Rogers

Events are placed in the order of importance. Starting with the Romanian Revolution and ending with Prague Spring
by

Chase Rogers

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of 8.04 World History Chase Rogers

8.04: The Iron Curtain Comes Down
1. The Romanian Revolution
Beginning in December of 1989, the Romanian Revolution was a series of protests and riots that lead to thousands of deaths. This revolution marked the fall of the communist leadership of Nicolae Ceauescu. This event lead to more than a thousand deaths, and caught the attention of those in higher power, changing some of their minds about the whole idea.

APPROXIMATE CASUALTIES: 4,456

2. The Velvet Revolution
A non-violent revolution that was used to protest against the Communist party of Czechoslovakia. It lasted from November 17th to December 29th, in 1989. The revolution began when the riot police forcefully suppressed a student demonstration (injuring 200 students), catching the attention of several people to their cause.

APPROXIMATE CASUALTIES: None

The Fall of the Berlin Wall
The wall stretched over a hundred miles, and wrapped entirely around half of Berlin. It went up twelve feet high, four feet thick, and had a smooth pipe running across the top to hinder the ability of people climbing over. Failing to sneak by stealthily would often mean death. Though August 13th, 1961 to November 9th, 1989, and was constricted to prevent East Germans from fleeing to the west in the post WWII era. The communist-representing wall came down almost overnight, just as quickly as it had risen.

APPROXIMATE CASUALTIES: 600
APPROXIMATE ESCAPEES: 5,000
Solidarity
This had begun as a movement by the workers of communist Poland in the early 1980’s due to the fact they wanted reformed politics. Fifty labor unions banded together in protest. This movement was the catalyst that would allow Poland to switch from being repressed under communist rule, to becoming the democracy member of the EU it is today.

APPROXIMATE CASUALTIES: 100(?)
Prague Spring
A liberation for politics, this revolution was started in Czechoslovakia by the reformist Alexander Dubek. The movement began on January 5th, 1968, and continued until August 21st, when the Soviets and members of the Warsaw Pact (sans Romania) got fed up with everything and decided to invade the country to halt all the reforms.

APPROXIMATE CASUALTIES: 218
Conclusion
The collapse of the Soviet Union occurred in December of 1991. Many factors had to do with its fall, but the Romanian Revolution, Prague Spring, the Velvet Revolution, the Fall of the Berlin Wall, and Solidarity were some of the most important events. Because of the large quantity of deaths in the Romanian Revolution, the views of those in higher power were changed. Secondly, the lengthy Velvet Revolution was a major turning point. The Fall of the Berlin Wall comes in third, because the event caused by tearing it down sent shockwaves through most countries, including the Soviet Union. In Fourth, Solidarity was a very important political reform that brought attention to the cause. And lastly, we have Prague Spring. I don’t feel that this event is as important as the others, but it stood out more than the other options.
Chase Rogers
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