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The Blood Safety and Quality Regulations

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by

Yasser Elhabashy

on 20 January 2015

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Transcript of The Blood Safety and Quality Regulations

A blood transfusion is the transfer of blood or blood products from one person
(donor)
into another person's bloodstream
(recipient)
. This is usually done as a life saving maneuver to replace blood cells or blood products lost through severe bleeding, during surgery when blood loss occurs or to increase the blood count in an anemic patient.
Blood Banks
Blood banks collect, test, and store blood. They carefully screen all donated blood for possible infectious agents, such as viruses, that could make you sick.

SAFETY
QUALITY
Blood Transfusion
Safe Blood
: Blood free from blood borne pathogen.

Effective Blood
: Properly handled and stored blood in order to preserve its natural properties & therapeutic benefits.
All blood is tested for evidence of certain infectious disease pathogens, such as hepatitis B and C viruses and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
The tests used to screen donated blood are listed below.
Donors Temporarily Excluded
-
Allergy, Fever and Common Cold.
-
Minor Surgery, Tooth Extraction and Tattooing.
-
Major Surgery less than one year.
-
Blood Transfusion less than 3 months for male and 4 months for females.
-
Pregnancy and Lactation.
Donors Permanently Excluded
-
Hepatitis B&C, HIV and Syphilis.
-
Homosexuality Heterosexuality.
-
Drug Abuse.
-
Body Weight <50 kg.
-
Chronic Diseases like HTN and DM.
Duties of blood bank:
1. Provide enough safe & effective blood.
2. Safe blood transfusion practices.
3. Post donation counseling for positive serology donors.
4. Management of hazardous waste by incineration.
How long until the blood is used?
All blood donations are tested and processed and available for use between
24 and 48 hours after collection
. Whole blood is separated into its components (red cells, platelets, plasma). After processing, red cells can be stored for up to
42 days
; plasma is frozen and can be stored for up to
12 months
; and platelets have a shelf-life of
only five days
.
Collected blood should be stored at optimum temperature to maintain its quality and effectiveness.
Additional criteria for storage and handling:
Blood and blood products must be stored in labeled designated storage areas/units.

Alarm checks of storage units must be performed and adequate corrective action taken when indicated.

When released to another department, blood components must be maintained within appropriate storage temperatures or returned to proper storage within a specified time if storage is not available and the component is not transfused.

Store in an orderly fashion to prevent crowding and allow air circulation.

Do not store reagents above blood components.

Do not overlap platelet bags during storage, and place face down to optimize oxygen exchange.
Presentation By:
Yasser Hamed Elhabashy
Yasmine Anwar Saleh
Yasmine Abdelbaset
Yasmine Fathy
Yahia Tarek Elshafeay
Youssif Saed Eltouky
Hamsa Essam Hosni
Akram Ahmed
Asmaa Saed Hassan
Samar Ahmed Mohamed


Under Supervision Of
Dr. Omnia Anwer
Securing blood inventory
Remote blood allocation/Electronic crossmatching
Patient identification
Transfusion verification
Information management

Challenges
Patient safety / Clinical outcomes
Product quality
Regulations / Traceability / Reporting
Delay of treatment / Length of stay
Blood inventory / Waste / Rework
Staff shortage / Staff efficiency

Solutions
Head of Department
Dr. Abdelmonein Dawah
General Supervision
Dr. Eman Araby
Full transcript