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Cristina Kirchner and The Falklands-Interactive Oral-News Coverage and Textual Bias

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Andre van Dam

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Cristina Kirchner and The Falklands-Interactive Oral-News Coverage and Textual Bias

Article 2
Article 3
Article 1
Media Bias
Interactive Oral
By: Kenneth Moreno
Andre van Dam
Cristina Kirchner
continues to lie
about the Falklands

Argentina’s president Cristina Kirchner comes across as an increasingly sad and delusional figure. While
Argentina’s economy heads towards the economic abyss
, facing likely censure by the IMF , she continues to swan around the world stage as though she were a modern-day Evita. This week she has been doing the rounds at the United Nations, where her speech to the General Assembly on Tuesday afternoon was
barely noticed
, while her
glitzy Manhattan hotel
was besieged by protesters angry with her economic policies. On Wednesday morning she spoke to a relatively small crowd at Georgetown University , and today she heads to Harvard, where a few left-wing academics might sympathise with her
outdated populist-socialist message
Eager to turn attention away from
her own government’s dismal economic record
, mounting suppression of the media at home, and
growing unpopularity
, Kirchner has resorted once again to bashing Britain over the Falklands. At the UN she called for the umpteenth time for Buenos Aires and London to negotiate the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands. According to the official summary of her speech provided by the Argentine government (they have not released a full transcript of her address):
On international territorial disputes, she said 2013 would mark the 180th year of the United Kingdom’s illegal usurpation of the Malvinas (Falkland Islands). Many resolutions issued of the General Assembly’s Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization) and other entities had all asked the United Kingdom to sit down with Argentina for dialogue, but it had refused.
She called for the demilitarization of the South Atlantic, pointing out that the international community did not represent multilateralism when permanent members of the Security Council had the right to flout resolutions. The dispute was not a bilateral matter, but a global issue that presented a chance to end colonialism.
Mrs. Kirchner of course fails to mention the fact that the Falklands are a self-governing British Overseas Territory, with its own government, or that Argentina invaded the Falklands in 1982 before its forces were
emphatically defeated
and the Islands
liberated by British troops
. The only country with an interest in “colonising” the Falklands is Argentina itself.
A recent census of Falkland Islanders published in early September
revealed that 59 percent of the Islands’ 2,841 inhabitants consider their national identity to be ‘Falkland Islander’, 29 percent consider themselves British, 9.8 percent St. Helenian, and 5.4 percent Chilean (including some Islanders who consider themselves to be Falkland Islanders as well as Chilean or St. Helenian). Barely any considered themselves to be Argentinian.
Many inhabitants of the Falklands have deep roots in the Islands. As Jan Cheek, Member of the Legislative Assembly told The Daily Telegraph :
The census shows that there is a real national identity here. My grandchildren are the eighth generation of my family to have lived here, which is considerably longer than the Argentine president’s family have been living in Argentina
The notion that the inhabitants of the Falklands wish to live under the heel of Argentina is simply ridiculous, and is a pure fantasy advanced by the Kirchner regime.
This is a clear-cut case of self-determination, and the Falklands will be holding its own referendum in March 2013 to decide whether it wishes to remain a British Overseas Territory.
Cristina Kirchner should respect the results of the Falklands referendum and forever hold her peace on the matter. In the meantime she should drop her reckless threats to blockade the Islands and end her embarrassing campaign for UN-brokered negotiations, which will never happen.
The future of the Falklands is not a ‘global’ issue to be decided by an outdated and irrelevant UN Decolonisation Committee. It is a matter for the Falkland Islanders themselves to decide, and as long as they wish to remain under British protection, London must defend their right to live in liberty and freedom without fear of invasion from Argentina.oo
Choice of Image
and Bias Caption
Bias Title
Cristina Kirchner is in denial over the Falklands
Bias by Choice of Words
and Selection of Information
Selection of information and words
Second voice, Who is he?
"The Daily Telegraph is a daily morning broadsheet conservative-leaning newspaper distributed throughout the United Kingdom"
"Nile Gardiner is a British conservative commentator, director of the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom at The Heritage Foundation, and a former aide to British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher."
Nile Gardiner
Choice of words Bias
Historical Context?
Selective information
Context missing
Hyperbolic choice of words
Bias title
Bias Choice of Image and Caption
Bias Choice of Sources
Argumentative Agenda
To sum up:
, as tough as
...with her eyes on the Falklands
Falklands fact file

LOCATION: 290 miles east of Argentina.
SIZE: 4,700 sq miles spread over two major and 775 minor islands.
CLIMATE: Cool summers and very cold winters.
ECONOMY: Fishing and sheep farming.
FIRST SETTLED: East Falkland by the French in 1764. West Falkland by the British in 1765.
PROVOKED WAR: In April 1982, when Argentina invaded, claiming sovereignty. Furious PM Margaret Thatcher sent in British troops. Argentina surrendered in June.
BRITISH CLAIMS BASED ON: Islanders’ self-determination and long-term possession.
ARGENTINE CLAIMS BASED ON: Geographic closeness and inheritance of claim through their former rulers Spain, which claimed East Falkland after France.
Eva Peron
Margaret Thatcher
physical appearance
topic is introduced
Informal, sarcastic, bias
Tabloid newspaper
Usually informal
Sun analysis of the Argentine President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner
branches out from common topic
SHE wears more
than Katie Price, never leaves home without
high heels
and owns at least
200 little black dresses
But Argentine President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner’s
WAG-like image
hides a
ruthless politician
.And this steely,
leader has set her heart on reclaiming the Falklands — setting her on a
collision course with Britain
.Ironically, such determination has brought
comparisons to Margaret Thatcher
, who sent our forces to war to win back the islands after an Argentinian invasion in 1982.But Cristina’s own role model is quite different.Her inspiration is Argentina’s national heroine, the glamorous champion of the working classes and labour rights activist Eva Peron — known as Evita.And Cristina is determined that her own part in her country’s history will rival that of the tragic First Lady, whose story was told in Andrew Lloyd Webber’s Seventies musical.So she has
taken up the fight for the Falklands
— and the
battle against Britain
.David Cameron is so concerned with her
fighting talk
that he has dusted off war plans to defend the islands, as reported in yesterday’s Sun.
He seems right to be worried
.The mum-of-two, 58, wants to
cement her legacy
before she has to give up office at the end of her second four-year term as President, which she won in October. Last month, in a provocative move, she persuaded countries including Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay to ban Falklands vessels from their ports.The snub was designed to show Latin American solidarity with Argentina’s claim of sovereignty of the islands it calls Las Malvinas.Cristina has accused Britain of
colonialism of hanging on to them and their resources
particularly oil — which she wants to grab for Argentina.And in a brazen bid to stir up

feeling she has hinted that the
greedy UK may INVADE other countries
.She declared:
“The Malvinas is not an Argentine issue — it is a global issue because they (the UK) are taking our energy and fishing resources out of the Malvinas.“When they require more resources — and those of you who have resources, think about this — they will go and seek out those resources wherever and however they see fit.”
And she
relentlessly slams Britain
for ignoring a United Nations resolution calling on the UK to resume talks with Argentina on the Falklands sovereignty.She
“We are not asking them to come here and recognise that the Malvinas are Argentine — but what we are saying is for them to comply with the United Nations, sit down and dialogue, dialogue, dialogue.”
she once told
America’s Time magazine
: “We’re finding our way now. We’re reasserting Argentina on the world stage.”
If you look closely it has an agenda...
First it criticizes the president
Then it criticizes her government
Discredits her and criticizes her words
Arguments against her
Gives his opinion
Rules Out Talks
With Argentina Over Falklands
More balanced and neutral than other articles
LONDON — Britain on Wednesday
ruled out talks
with Argentina about the status of the Falkland Islands after President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner said her government
would formally complain
to the United Nations Security Council about British “militarization” of the
over the remote archipelago.

The exchange between two countries, which have rival claims to sovereignty and fought a 10-week war over the islands in 1982, was interpreted in London
as raising tensions
at a time when the Falklands are again making headlines in Britain.

Mrs. Kirchner’s
on Tuesday followed the
in the islands last week of Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge and second in line to the throne, who deployed as a search-and-rescue helicopter pilot with the Royal Air Force to begin his first overseas military tour at an air base there.

Britain has also angered Argentina
by announcing that it will send one of its most advanced destroyers to patrol the Falklands waters, replacing an older frigate in what
Argentina has interpreted as saber-rattling
on the eve of the 30th anniversary of the 1982 Argentine invasion that led to war.

In a statement on Wednesday,
a spokesman for the British Foreign Office
said: “The people of the Falkland Islands are British out of choice. They are free to determine their own future, and there will be no negotiations with Argentina on sovereignty unless the islanders wish it.”

In her speech,
Mrs. Kirchner said
it was difficult to see how “the sending of an immense and modern destroyer accompanied by the royal heir who we would have liked to see in civilian clothes and not in military uniform” was not a show of British military strength, news reports here said.

She referred to Britain’s actions as “this militarization of the South Atlantic which implies a great risk for international security.”

The Argentines call the Falklands the Malvinas and say the British stole the islands from them nearly 180 years ago.

The dispute has had more modern, economic underpinnings since the
discovery of potentially lucrative oil reserves
within a British economic exclusion zone. British officials say new data on the discoveries — initially estimated by some oil industry experts to be in the billions of barrels — have been disappointing.
Context - Neutral Language
Some Bias and Personal Interpretation
British Opinion
Argentinean Opinion
Other Explanations
topic based
"The New York Times is an American daily newspaper" " According to public perceptions of major media outlets, 40% saw the paper as having a liberal slant, 20% no political slant and 11% believe it has a conservative slant"
Cristina was born in 1953 — the year after Evita’s death from cancer at the age of 33 — in middle-class La Plata to parents of German and Spanish descent.
She studied law and joined the Peronist Youth, named in honour of three-times Argentine President Juan Peron, Eva’s husband.
At university she met and married another law student, Nestor Kirchner. He was three years her senior, also of part-German descent and also keen on
Leftist politics
When the country’s military rulers fell from power after losing the Falklands War, the couple
took on politics with a vengeance
Eventually, in 2003, Nestor was elected President and Cristina
became a high-profile First Lady
She was her husband’s ambassador-at-large and
loved making highly charged speeches
, like Evita.
But it was the couple’s financial policies, which lifted hundreds of thousands of Argentines out of poverty, that
Cristina’s reputation as the
new Eva Peron
Soon she was being greeted everywhere by adoring crowds chanting: “Cristina! Cristina!” — just as in the Forties and Fifties hordes had cheered: “Evita! Evita!”
In the 2007 election she was so popular that
Nestor declined to try for a second term as President — leaving her to run instead.
She won in a landslide. A year later she happily posed with Madonna — who had played Evita in the 1996 film of the musical.
She later admitted identifying with “the Evita of the hair in a bun and the clenched fist before a microphone”. And she said that, like her heroine, she brought “a lot of passion to life and politics”.
Cristina added: “Women of my generation owe her a debt. When we came to age during the dark dictatorship of the 1970s, we had her example of passion and combativeness to get us through.”
And there is also the example of Eva’s love of fashion — although the President’s take on style has led to some calling her “
the Botox Evita
Others have
her for
turning up late for meetings with foreign officials and celebrities because her make-up takes so long
Corruption scandals
soon saw her approval ratings fall. But she fought back with a hit child benefits scheme and, increasingly, fighting words over the Falklands. Her
popularity also soared on a wave of sympathy
when, in October 2010, her husband died of a heart attack.
She has
worn nothing but black
ever since — building up a
formidable dark wardrobe
One pundit remarked: “
Cristina has deployed her glamour and sexuality as potent weapons on her way to a goal that not even the legendary Eva Peron was able to achieve
Talking of herself, Cristina has sounded more
She has said: “
We Peronists, just like all Argentines, are capable of spawning the most sublime individuals as well as the most despicable actions. That’s how contradictory we are.

Britain, beware.
"Alan Cowell is a British journalist and a correspondent for The New York Times based in Paris"
Alan Cowell
To sum up:
Article uses balanced languages
Balanced Sources
Balances use of opinions
Further investigation
October 10, 2012
bias & irrelevant reference to main topic
-bias reference to appearance or actions
-portrayed as strong & cold politician
-portrayed as a threat & problem
-reference to proves & source
expands from common topic
-outline of life & beliefs
-rise to power

& government
-bias reference to appearance & actions
reinforced menace
Adored ... Argentine President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner
context information
Comment section
readers can interact w/ text
Full transcript