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Ancient Japan

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Jocelyn O

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Japan

ANCIENT JAPAN:
RISE OF THE SAMURAI

Clothing
Religion
Ancient Japan
Samurai Origins
Presented by Jocelyn Oprzedek
"The Land of the Rising Sun"
Jomon Period
Yayoi Period
Kofun Period
Classical Japan
Nara Period
Heian Period
Jomon Period
4500 BCE - 250 BCE
-known for pottery with rope patterns
-sedentary hunters and fishers
-lived in sunken pit houses
Yayoi Period
250 BCE - 250 CE
-farming villages appeared
-weaving, iron and bronze making
-trades brought in from asian mainland
Kofun Period
250 CE - 710 CE
-named after kofun burial mounds
-powerful Yamato clan begins Japanese
Imperial lineage
-an aristocratic society led by warriors
-start of Buddhism in Japan
Significant Events:
Taika Reforms - 646 CE
-aimed to centralize government
and strengthen the Imperial line
-based on the complex Chinese
government
Taiho Code - 702 CE
-once again based on Chinese
government
-a compilation of laws concerning
the daily lives of the people, as well
as government administration
Nara Period
710 CE - 794 CE
-the first permanent capital is
located at Nara
-Buddhism expands
-Height of Chinese influence
-internal trade increases
Chinese Influence
-writing
-art
-religion
-trade
-government
-clothing
Heian Period
794 CE-1185 CE
-the samurai class develops
-chinese influence declines
-trade declines
-kana is developed
-originally defended feudal lords
-followed the Bushido
honour system
Tabi
Geta
Kimono
-original religion was Shinto
-in 552 CE Buddhism was introduced by the the Chinese and
Koreans
-Buddhism was originally seen as
a threat to Shinto by the Imperial court, but was accepted and combined eventually
Social Structure
The Emperor
Imperial Court Nobles
Lesser Nobles
Peasants, artisans, merchants

Education
-formal education was
reserved for specific classes
-peasants learned from family

Males
-read and wrote in
Chinese
-farmed and worked

Females
-read and wrote in
Japanese
-learned to run a
household

Women in Japan
-One significant woman is
Murasaki Shikibu (973 - 1014 AD)
-wrote "The Tale of Genji", the
world's first novel
In conclusion...
-at one point could become imperial rulers
-generally treated well, as
they had many rights
Factoids
What was Japan's original religion?
Shinto
What is the name of Murasaki Shikibu's
significant novel?
The Tale of Genji
Who was at the top of the
social structure?
The Emperor
In what language did males learn
to read and write?

Chinese
Full transcript