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To Kill a Mockingbird Unit
Transcript of To Kill a Mockingbird Unit
"Hey, Mr. Cunningham."
The man did not hear me, it seemed.
"Hey, Mr. Cunningham. How's your entailment gettin' along?"
Writer's Block #1
"When he was nearly
thirteen, my brother
Jem got his arm badly
broken at the elbow."
A Family Memory:
Write about a memory that involves your family - a family vacation, an argument, an accident...anything that you know will come up years from now.
Harper Lee's Narrative Style
What is this book about?
Plot: How Jem broke his arm
Thematic: Immorality of Racism and prejudice
Bildungsroman: a "coming of age" story
Hopefully, we the reader grow along with Scout and Jem.
Read Ch. 1-2
apothecary (p. 3) - After R&J, you ought to know this!
strictures (p. 4) - severe criticism
chattels (p. 4) - movable personal property; livestock, slaves
malevolent (p. 8) - showing ill-will, malicious
flivver (p. 10) - inexpensive, old car
beadle (p. 10) - a church official who kept order
scold (p. 11) - a person (often a woman) who constantly finds fault in others.
Notes: Ch. 1-2
Importance of family background
Finches, Radleys, Cunninghams, Haverfords, natives of Winston County*
Bravery (at end of Ch. 1)
Innocence (at end of Ch. 2)
Already evident in
chapters 1 and 2 is the
fact that Scout judges
people and comes to
conclusions based on
one's last name (or in
one case - where they
are from). As a group,
discuss whether any of you have been judged based on your last name.
Also, as a group, discuss and identify which family names are mentioned and categorized (judged). WRITE DOWN the last name and the assumed trait of that family/person.
Read Ch. 3-5
The Dred Scott Case, 1857
"...the negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit."
Notes: Ch. 3-5
"He's just a Cunningham."
Compare the Cunninghams & Ewells
Atticus' advice to Scout (end of Ch. 3)
Trinkets/gifts found in Radley's oak tree
A trip to the Radley front porch...
Atticus to the kids: Leave Arthur alone!
"You never really understand a person until you...climb into his skin and walk around in it." -Atticus
Writer's Block #2:
"Summer was our
best season: it was sleeping on the back screened porch in cots, or trying to sleep in the tree house; summer was everything good to eat; it was a thousand colors in a parched landscape; but most of all, summer was Dill."
Fast forward 60 years. Pretend you are describing your summers to grandchildren. What would you tell them?
Read Ch. 6-8
Quiz: Ch. 6-8
1. Where did the 3 kids go late at night?
2. What did Jem lose when leaving?
3. When he got it/them back, what condition did he find it/them in?
4. What did Nathan Radley do to his tree?
5. Whose house caught fire?
E.C. What was given to Scout during the fire?
13th Amendment to the US Constitution (1865)
14th Amendment to the US Constitution (1868)
provides citizenship to blacks
overruled the Dred Scott Case
provides "due process" and "equal protection"
Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896
"Separate but equal"
A. Up to this point, what
has been your opinion
of Arthur "Boo" Radley?
B. On the night Jem lost his pants, exactly who was living in the Radley house? C. At the end of Chapter 7, Jem had been crying. Why? D. What was he trying to piece together? E. Back home after the fire, Atticus noticed Scout wearing a blanket. What does Jem figure out which Scout clearly does not?
Notes: Ch. 6-8
In Boo's back yard...
"Mr. Radley shot at a Negro..."
Playing with cards vs. matches...
Beginning of Ch. 7 - Scout's learning...
The pants and the knot hole
"Looks like all of Maycomb was out tonight...
Read Ch. 9-10
Jim Crow Laws
Writer's Block #3
"Jem and I viewed Christmas
with mixed feelings."
When thinking of our extended families and when we get together, it seems that we all have stories to tell. Think of a few things, whether one time events, individuals, or common occurrences, and describe some of those memories.
Read Ch. 11-13
Notes: Ch. 9-10
The Tom Robinson case...
How to respond to racist comments...
What Uncle Jack needed to learn...
Atticus' conversation w/Jack (end of Ch. 9)
When you see the title of the book in the book...pay attention!
Actions vs. Words and the end of Tim Johnson
"Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town."
"...it was then that Dill gave us the idea of making Boo Radley come out."
"Jem let me do the honors: I pulled out two small images carved in soap. One was the figure of a boy, the other wore a crude dress."
"Atticus, are we going to win it?"
"...but before I can live with other folks I've got to live with myself. The one thing that doesn't abide by majority rule is a person's consience." -Atticus
Jem makes some
assumptions about his dad, and the kids make assumptions about "Boo" Radley and Mrs. Dubose. Discuss and write down some of these appearances vs. the actual reality that we have discovered about each of these individuals.
Notes: Ch. 11-13
Appearance vs. Reality
Mrs. Dubose - another example of courage
Going to First Purchase
Poor Eunice Ann Simpson!
Jem is color blind - the symbolism
Cal's double life
Tom Robinson's accuser...
Aunt Alexandra, heredity and gentle breeding
Read Ch. 14-16
Brown vs. Board of Ed. - 1954
Notes: Ch. 14-16
Scout breaks through...
...and personalizes it
Cunninghams: friend or foe?
"...part of a mob..."
Mixed children and where they belong...
Where do the kids sit during the trial?
Quiz: Chapters 14-16
1. Who is hiding under Scout's bed?
2. Atticus heads to the jail cell to watch over Tom Robinson. What family clan shows up?
3. Who pushed through the circle to be with Atticus?
4. Who kicked one of the men just below the belt?
5. At the courthouse, with whom do the children sit?
Read Ch. 17-19
"All the little man on the witness stand had that made him any better than his nearest neighbors was, that if scrubbed with lye soap in very hot water, his skin was white."
Rosa Parks & the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Notes: Ch. 17-19
Atticus destroys his story
No Dr/Tom's injury
Tom's worst fault...
Read Ch. 20-23
"Gentlemen...a court is only as sound as its jury, and a jury is only as sound as the men who make it up." -Atticus
Notes: Ch. 20-23
Atticus' speech...a court room is only as good as its jury.
Read Ch. 24-27
"That's not fair!" This is a common refrain often spoken by a child to a parent. And while that parent MIGHT try to come up with a fair solution, the child might not agree. The fact of the matter is that life indeed is not fair.
Think of and write about one or two occasions where you felt you were not treated fairly - either by a friend, parent, teacher, or some other person.
The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.
Writer's Block #4
Notes: Ch. 24-27
The Missionary Tea...and hypocrisy (Mrs. Merriweather)
Mr. BB Underwood's editorial
A lesson in DEMOCRACY...and hypocrisy (Miss Gates)
Things settled down...mostly
The school pageant
Read Ch. 28-30
... is exactly what is sounds like. We
discuss, as an entire class, aspects of the novel, how it might relate to our lives, our time, and our culture. While you don't have to talk during every whole class discussion, it is essential that you participate, as you have a distinct and important perspective that can help others understand the topic at hand.
... involves working in groups of 3-5 on whatever assignment has been given. Again, it is essential that you participate in these groups for the same reason as before. DO NOT sit back and allow others to do all the work; engage with the group.
Partner work is meant to encourage
collaboration. This is not a one-man (or one-woman) show. The work you produce should represent the best both of you have to offer.
...working with another
person on whatever assignment is given.
Purposeful journaling, usually written in response to a prompt I will give you. This prompt is designed to help you develop your thoughts on different aspects of the text and will help you connect what you
already know to the main themes and characters of the text. I will not be assessing your journals based on your grammar and spelling, I will be looking to see that what you have written reflects some serious thinking on your part. Good thinking demands work, there is just no getting around it. And the person who does the thinking (sweaty work) does the learning.
This will mostly be done for reading, quizzes, tests, question packets, and writing assignments.
...working on your own on
whatever assignment is given.
Exactly what it sounds like. Apart from assignments
given for homework, anything you do not finish in class becomes homework and should be completed for the next class unless I tell you otherwise. Most reading will be homework.
It is important, especially for this novel, to get a feeling for the context the story takes place in.
This is also know as "setting". From time to time, we will be looking at what was going on during the time in which the story takes place, and how that influences our understanding of the story. If we apply only our own context to the story, it will be extremely easy to not only become offended at the language and beliefs of the times, it will be easy to miss the significance of the events that take place.
Brown vs. Board of Education
Born 1926, Monroeville, AL (Maycomb, AL)
Father was a lawyer (like Atticus)
Six during Scottsboro Boys trial (Tom Robinson trial)
Lee was a tomboy and loved reading (Scout)
Childhood friends with Truman Capote (Dill)
After college, was given 1 year off of work to write by two friends.
Wrote "To Kill a Mockingbird," which she showed to an agent.
Two years of rewriting later, in 1960, it was published.
Lee awarded Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in '61
Academy Award winning film in '62 starring Gregory Peck
Kept a quiet life, away from spotlight.
Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2007 (highest civilian award)
Never published another book
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The New Deal
Sensitive- moody, prone to sadness over mother (6), Dill's father situation (8)
Observant- Dill's father situation (8)
Gullible/Imaginative- Miss Stephanie's account of Boo Radley (14)
Proud/Dare devil- Touching Radley house (16)
Insensitive/unfeeling toward animals- turtle (15)
Maycomb County, Alabama
1930s Great Depression
Strong class distinctions
"Maycomb was an old town, but
it was a tired old town when I first knew it..."
"A day was twenty-four hours long but seemed longer. There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go..."
"...streets turned to red slop... grass grew on sidewalks... courthouse sagged in the square..."