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Transcript of Comma Project
One day, the king of Punctuation Village went to tour some of his troops in the far most region of the kingdom.
As he reached the main fortress, the captain of the guard rode out to meet him.
"Welcome to Comma Castle," the captain greeted. "I am here to guide you through a tour of the troops." He led the king to where the soldiers were practicing.
The king noticed that of all of the groups, there seemed to be five main ones.
"What are the five main groups?" he questioned.
FIVE GROUPS OF COMMAS
introductory clause & phrase commas
interrupting phrase commas
"And what are their jobs?" the king asked.
LIST COMMAS are in charge of keeping items in a list from running together.
If you were going to make a list of items you needed for a trip across ancient England, you might write down horses, wagons, weapons, food, and water.
These list commas would separate each item on the list. So it would go: horses wagons weapons food and water.
Next is the ADJECTIVE COMMA which is used to separate two adjectives.
EXAMPLE: If I were describing a castle, I might call it a large, stone castle. (The comma would be between the two words describing the castle.)
EXAMPLE: The grumpy, old lady left the store in a rush.
How to check it: If you swapped places with the adjectives OR if you can put an "AND" between them, the meaning is still the same.
Next are the 'fanboys' commas. These commas come right before the words FOR, AND, NOR, BUT, OR, YET, SO when these coordinating conjunctions are joining two complete sentences.
COMMA NEEDED HERE?????
The boy bought the eggs but forgot the butter.
EXAMPLE: The dog ran ahead of the boy so the boy chased the dog.
The next group is the INTRODUCTORY COMMA. They separate the introductory phrase or clause, which is always an incomplete sentence, from the sentence that helps it make sense.
When the king came, we prepared a feast.
After the long trip, the knights were weary.
If the bread gets old the cook bakes new loaves.
ANOTHER EXAMPLE: My favorite activities are reading hunting riding my horses and eating dinner.
EXAMPLE: The sun is a large bright ball of light.
The king was kind to his people and they loved him for it.
The day was very sunny so the girl went on a walk.
The last group is the INTERRUPTING PHRASE COMMAS. This group is in charge of separating phrases that add extra information or interrupt a sentence.
EXAMPLE: My steed who is chestnut runs really fast.
The crow which was flying over
my head was unsettling.
The soldiers, who had been working hard, took a lunch break.
PHRASE - group of words that contains a noun OR a verb (usually prepositional phrases)
CLAUSE - group of words that containes BOTH a subject and a verb.
Dependent clause - cannot stand alone
Independent clause - can stand alone