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Poetic Structure

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Brenda Measom

on 16 July 2014

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Transcript of Poetic Structure

Types of Metrical Lines Meter is . . . The basic unit of meter is called a foot
A foot can have two or three syllables.
Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.
A foot is similar to a measure in music.
Metrical Feet Meter Rhythm is . . . Rhythm Rhyme Basic Parts to a Poem . . . Understanding How Poems Are Built Poetic Structure monometer= 1 foot on a line
dimeter= 2 feet on a line
trimeter = 3 feet on a line
tetrameter= 4 feet on a line
pentameter= 5 feet on a line
hexameter= 6 feet on a line
heptameter= 7 feet on a line
octometer= 8 feet on a line
Types of Feet a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Poetry has beats and measures, just like music.
When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line and repeat that pattern throughout the poem.
Rhyme The Building Blocks of All Poetry Line = a single line of words in a poem
Stanza = a group of lines within a poem Types of Stanzas The number of lines in a stanza determines what kind it is Couplet = 2 lines
Triplet/Tercet = 3 lines
Quatrain = 4 lines
Quintet = 5 lines
Sestet/Sextet = 6 lines
Septet = 7 lines
Octave = 8 lines

Describe this poem's basic structure Perhaps you'd like to buy a flower?
But I could never sell.
If you would like to borrow
Until the daffodil

Unties her yellow bonnet
Beneath the village door,
Until the bees, from clover rows
Their hock and sherry draw,

Why, I will lend until just then,
But not an hour more!
-Emily Dickinson
How many lines?
How many stanzas?
What kind of stanzas? the musical quality of language.
Rhythm in poetry is produced through the syllables of words and by repeating sounds.
Lines and Stanza Examples One, two,
Buckle my shoe.
Three, four,
Shut the door.

Thirty days hath September,
April, June, and November....

Columbus sailed the ocean blue
In fourteen-hundred-ninety-two

Spondaic: stressed, stressed
Ex. seaweed, football, bathrobe The type of foot is determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables. Iambic vs. Trochaic Anapestic vs. Dactylic Spondaic Iambic: unstressed, stressed
Ex. insist, convince, employ
Trochaic: stressed, unstressed
Ex. borrow, happy, cuddle Anapestic: unstressed, unstressed, stressed
Ex. contradict, understand, interrupt
Dactylic: stressed, unstressed, unstressed
Ex. strawberry, accurate, carefully Describing Meter To describe a poem's meter, you combine the type of feet with the number of times the foot repeats. Examples
Iambic Pentameter
Anapestic Tetrameter
Dactylic Octometer
Describe these examples in terms of their metrical lines One, two,
Buckle my shoe.
Three, four,
Shut the door. Thirty days hath September,
April, June, and November.... Columbus sailed the ocean blue
In fourteen-hundred-ninety-two Spondaic Dimeter and Trimeter Anapestic Dimeter Iambic Tetrameter Rhyme is . . . when words have the same end sound.
Rhyme can happen at the beginning, middle, or end of lines.
The spelling of words does not affect rhyme. Rhyme is all about the sounds.
Example: where, fair, air, bear, glare

Do poems have to rhyme? Good poets use rhyming words to add a musical beauty to the poem.
Sometimes an author will try too hard to make a poem rhyme. For instance, the following lines:
The beautiful moon shines down
It doesn’t look like a clown

This poem does not use rhyme to show an idea. Instead, the author tried so hard to come up with a rhyme that the poem just sounds silly.
When rhyme is used correctly, it should be subtle. When it is used badly, the rhyme will be obvious.
NO! Types of Rhyme End Rhyme End Rhyme is when a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line.

Hector the Collector
Collected bits of string.
Collected dolls with broken heads
And rusty bells that would not ring.
Internal Rhyme Internal Rhyme is when a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.

Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary.

From “The Raven”
by Edgar Allan Poe
Slant Rhyme Slant Rhyme is when words share either the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTH.
Slant Rhyme is also called near rhyme, imperfect rhyme, or close rhyme.


Different vowel sounds
Share the same end consonant sound
Rhyme Scheme Rhyme Scheme is a pattern of rhyme found in a poem.
Rhyme Scheme usually works with end rhyme, but not always.
Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern.
The Germ by Ogden Nash

A A mighty creature is the germ,
A Though smaller than the pachyderm.
B His customary dwelling place
B Is deep within the human race.
C His childish pride he often pleases
C By giving people strange diseases.
A Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?
A You probably contain a germ.
Sample Rhyme Scheme
Full transcript