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Transcript of WW2 Project
This "Miracle at Dunkirk" allowed thousands of British forces to evacuate France and be used in later major battles. The Germans effectively separated the British from the French by invading through the Ardennes forest.
Thought to be one of the bloodiest battles of the war. The Germans never regained the initiative to regain the East. The battle began with heavy bombing on the city. The Russians eventually surrounded the Germans and defeated them.
June 1 - 27, 1942
This battle was significant to the war because it halted Axis advances on Alexandria and heavily damaged Axis men. There was a stale mate that occurred during the battle between Egypt and Axis forces which resulted with Axis being forced out of Egypt for good.
May 26 – June 4, 1940
August 23, 1942 – February 2, 1943
November 8-16, 1942
This battle was significant to the war because it led to France joining the Allies. Operation Torch was the British-American invasion of French North Africa.They did this in a hope to clear out Axis powers from North Africa. The attack was carried out using aircraft, ships, and U-Boats.
Invasion of Palermo (Italy)
July 9 - August 17, 1943
The Allied invasion of Sicily allowed the Mediterranean sea lanes to open and Benito Mussolini to fall from power. Allies drove Axis naval, land, and aerial forces from the island.
January 17 - May 18, 1944
June 6, 1944 – mid-July, 1944
This battle was significant to the war because it gave the Germans great courage and pride for saving the treasure of the Monte Cassino Abbey. It also provided hope for the Poles.The battle was a series of attacks by the Allies against the German and Italian Winter Line.The Abbey of Monte Cassino provided a defensive line for the Germans so the Allies bombed it which consequently left a better defense for the Germans.
Battle of the Bulge
December 16, 1944 – January 25, 1945
The largest and bloodiest battle for the USA in the war. The Germans attacked a weak part of the Allies line planning to cut the line in half and isolate them. The Allies eventually won due to their superior air crafts.
Battle of the Atlantic
September 3, 1939 – May 8, 1945
Longest continuous military campaign in WW2. Germany pitted U-boats, other warships, and aircraft against the Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Navy, and Allied merchant shipping.
July 10- October 31, 1940
This battle was significant to World War 2 because it was the first major air battle fought entirely by air forces. Also, it was the largest and most sustained aerial bombing campaign at that time. The battle was waged by the German Air Force against the United Kingdom. The German Luftwaffes attacked places of political importance and the British were forced to surrender. Because the Germans failed to gain air superiority,Hitler's treat to launch Operation Sea Lion was ended.
Palermo/ Anzio/ Rome
July 9 - August 17, 1943
August 13-15, 1945
The Bombing of Dresden by the Americans and the United Kingdom fueled controversy over the unjustified deaths of thousands of Germans. The attack was on Dresden and consisted of four raids with more than 3900 tons of high explosive bombs dropped on the city.
Hayley and Grace Lamberth
These attacks opened trade routes. Airborne attacks began at midnight with paratroopers invading Sicily. Strong winds blew many U.S. and British air crafts off course but they later managed to concentrate them and attack.
Guadalcanal Naval Battle
Okinawa Naval Battle
Coral Sea Air Battle
August 7 1942 - February 9, 1943
The Battle of Guadalcanal, codenamed operation Watchtower was the Allied force's first major offense against Japan. The Allies, mostly the Americans, landed on Japanese occupied islands and captured them. The Japanese attempted to retaliate but were defeated by the Allies.
December 8 - 10, 1941
Guam had been occupied by the U.S.and had an established military facility located on it and was taken back by Japan. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the Japanese raided Guam, capturing American patrol boats and forcing them to surrender.
December 8, 1941 - May 8, 1942
The Battle of Philippines was and invasion from Japan on the Philippines to prevent it from being used as a base of operations for the U.S. The Japanese were out numbered 3 to 2 but prevailed because of their better troops. They tried to make a strategic decision and take out their best division but this only led to the Americans and Filipinos holding out longer.
February 19 - March 26, 1945
April 1 - June 22, 1945
May 4 - 8, 1942
June 4 - 7, 1942
November 12 - 15, 1942
June 19-20, 1944
March 26 - April 30, 1945
December 7, 1941
May 4 - 8, 1942
October 23-26, 1944
November 17, 1944- August 15, 1945
This battle also known as operation detachment, was a major battle in which the U.S. captured the island of Iwo Jimma from Japan. The Japanese army heavily fortified the island but were greatly outnumbered by the American's navy artillery and air supremacy. This battle ended with heavy loses with the U.S. outnumbering the Japanese in casualties. The Japanese were defeated and the island's capture became controversial if it was actually strategic.
This battle, codenamed Operation Iceberg, was the largest amphibious assault of WW2. The Allies planned to use Okinawa as a base for air operations to invade the Japanese mainland. The fighting was ferocious and had the largest amount of casualties in the Pacific Theater in WW2. In the end, the devastated Japanese were forced to surrender.
The Battle of the Coral see was a major naval battle and the first battle in which aircraft carriers engaged each other. The Japanese planned to invade and occupy Port Moresby and Tulagi in Operation MO. When the U.S. learned of Japanese plans, they made an effort to oppose their offensive. The U.S. sank the Japanese Shoho and destroyed the Shokaku. The Japanese sank the U.S. Destroyer and damaged the Lexington. The Japanese won the tactical victory but the Allies acted strategically for future battles to come.
June 4 - 7, 1942
Delivered "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare." The Japanese had planned to lure the U.S. into a trap. This failed because the U.S. decoded these plans and were able to set up an ambush and defeat them.
The only two U.S. naval admirals killed in the war died in this battle. Japan tried to seize U.S. airfield using reinforcements but failed. The U.S. then launched aircraft and warship attacks to defend Henderson Field and prevent the Japanese ground troops from reaching Guadalcanal. Both sides lost numerous warships. The U.S. eventually won a strategic victory.
Eliminated the Imperial Japanese Navy's ability to conduct large scale carrier attacks. Upon spotting the United States' approach, the Japanese immediately sent out aircraft. These were completely obliterated with almost no U.S. loss. Many remarked how easy it was to pick off the planes. This was an U.S. victory.
This attack led to the United States' entry into WW2. The Japanese sent two waves of bombers and torpedo planes and damaged all eight U.S. battleships. They also destroyed or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. This resulted in a tactical Japanese win.
The first battle in which aircraft carriers engaged each other. The U.S. sunk a Japanese light carrier while the Japanese sunk a U.S. destroyer and heavily damaged a fleet oiler. They then proceeded to sink many other ships using aircraft until they eventually retired due to heavy damage.
This was the first battle in which the Japanese used kamikaze pilots. It was the amphibious invasion of the Gulf of Leyte in the Philippines by American and Filipino guerrilla forces. This Allied victory was caused the liberation of the entire Philippine Archipelago and to end almost three years of Japanese occupation.
This was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War of World War II. 20 American ships were sunk and 157 damaged by enemy action. A small Japanese task force was then ordered to fight through enemy lines, beach, and attack by land but were quickly spotted and destroyed by submarines. The U.S. later sank the largest battleship in the war by repeatedly hitting one side. This resulted in Allied victory.
This battle was significant to the war because it made Japanese pilot training unable to keep up with its losses while the Americans thrived. The Japanese planned to attack the Americans but when they found out, they countered and destroyed many of the Japanese air crafts, causing them to surrender.
This air raid was important to the war because it destroyed industry and the source of the war effort, leading to Japan's surrender six months later. The bombing, also called firebombing, was part of the U.S.'s air raids on Japan. The bombings were strategic and led to much destruction.
Philippine Sea Air Battle
June 19-20, 1944
This battle was nicknamed The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot and contributed to American improvements in pilot and crew training and tactics, war technology, and ship and air craft design. During the battle, there was a disproportional loss ratio of Japanese air crafts and Americans and Anti-air craft carriers. The battle resulted with the Japanese losing a bulk of their air strength that they couldn't recover.