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ITB Library study guide: apostrophes

A study guide for how to use apostrophes correctly
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ITB Library

on 8 September 2011

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Transcript of ITB Library study guide: apostrophes

Where and when to use
an apostrophe Use an apostrophe when you:

1. connect two words & leave out a letter

2.use the possessive form of the noun

3.use certain plurals 1. Connecting words and leaving a letter out Apostrophes can show that there is a letter missing •I am = I'm

•You are = You're

•She is = She's

•It is = It's

•Do not = Don't

•She would = She'd

•Let us = Let's

•She will = She'll

•They had = They'd People often mix up it's and its



•It's
connecting words & leaving a letter out

.......... It's a lovely day = It is a lovely day




•Its
possessive pronoun

.......... The door is yellow and its letter box is silver 2. Possessive form of nouns To check whether you are using the possessive form of the noun try to change your phrase to the format: "of the.."


.......... The car's hood = the hood of the car
.......... The book's cover = the cover of the book 3. Plurals Singular form of a noun - even when the noun ends in s
- add 's

............... The farmer's tractor
............... James's house



Plural form of a noun that doesn't end in s
- add 's

.......... The children's toys
.......... The geese's bills



Plural form of a noun that ends in s
- add '

.......... The workers' desks
.......... Three friends' letters Don't use an apostrophe For years or abbreviations
.......... I was born in the 1980s
.......... My sister and I have identical IQs OWL Perdue Online Writing Lab
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/621/01

About.com: apostrophes
http://grammar.about.com/od/punctuationandmechanics/tp/GuideApostrophe.htm Sources Compound words

- add 's (to the last word only)

.......... My father-in-law's tie
.......... The bride-to-be's flutters





Joint possession

- add 's (to the last word only)

.......... Tom and Mary's villa But don't use an apostrophe with the possessive form of the pronoun:

The ball was theirs
The roof of its car ITB Library ITB Library http://blanchlib.itb.ie
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