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Topics in Asian History - Nanhai Petrochemicals Project

Slide presentation for Nanhai Petrochemicals Megaproject

Patrick Knight

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of Topics in Asian History - Nanhai Petrochemicals Project

CSPC Nanhai Petrochemicals Project By:
Colyer Sigety
Ben Grossman-Ponemon
Patrick Knight Who is involved? What is this project? Why? What are the benefits and costs? Shell Petrochemicals Company Ltd. China National Offshore Oil Corporation Ltd. China National Offshore Oil Corporation State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission State Council of the People's Republic of China Government of the People's Republic of China Government officials have a vested interest in developing China industrially and economically. Government officials are also eager to improve China's reputation as a major player on the global stage. The CNOOC is the third-largest national oil company in China today, and exists to further the goals of the Chinese government in their endeavors of modernizing China. However, the CNOOC has also come under some scrutiny for alleged human rights abuses in neighboring nations in their efforts to secure future energy resources. Burmese officials have accused the CNOOC of human rights abuses and land theft in the area of Ramree Island in western Arakan State. The CNOOC is reportedly partnered with two Asian companies in Burma which have been blacklisted by United States sanctions. Managing resettlement Finding employment for those resettled To produce petrochemicals. Petrochemicals are the intermediates for plastics and other oil-based materials China is growing at a rapid rate, and will require more and more petrochemicals for its population. These include: water bottles, pipes, and rubber tires. The Nanhai Petrochemical Project produces 240,000 tpa (tonnes per annum) of polypropylene, 800,000 tpa of ethylene, and 430,000 tpa of propylene. Bottled water is China's primary source of water, as tap water is often unsuitable for drinking or even brushing teeth. Costs 8,000 households resettled. (Numbers subject to debate) Benefits Attempts to clean up air emissions. Using air cooling units to reduce water consumption. Reuse of over 90% of liquid and solid waste. Dredging in the area killed coral and was detrimental to the fishing industry. Used trenching for pipelines to create less turbulence in water. 20,000 people employed (95% Chinese, 6% resettled villagers). The Future of Nanhai Petrochemicals Project By 2013, the Nanhai Petrochemicals Project hopes to be first-quartile in class globally in Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) Fewer benefits for those who had recently moved to the area before construction Wants to be the "optimal supplier and employer in China" To be among the most responsible companies in China. To be a leader in sustainable development. How does the Nanhai Petrochemical Project compare with other Megaprojects? Massive resettlement of locals. Global Corporations: Not only is the CSPC an "East meets West" joint-venture, but CNOOC aims to acquire more energy resources. Comparatively, the China Three Gorges Corporation wishes to develop hydropower plants around the world. Chinese Might: Massive projects showcase the ingenuity of Chinese engineers and the determination of the laborers. China is trying to sell itself to the rest of the world as a globally competitive, modern country. Questions? A considerable part of China's economy relies on plastic-based products including toys, appliances, electronics, etc. On a positive note: Local officials have been proactive in: Developing business opportunities
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