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US Reaction to the World Wars
Transcript of US Reaction to the World Wars
This Telegram was intercepted and decoded by British Cryptographers.
Once the contents of the Telegram were exposed to the American press, U.S. Citizens were outraged.
Directly led to the United States' enthusiastic entrance into the war in April. Isolationism The US, at first, upheld a policy of isolationism, which ment that they were neutral at the start of the war American Expeditionary Force When German U-boats sunk the Luistiania in 1915, Wilson was adamant about keeping neutral: "America is too proud to fight!"
Wilson demanded that Germany put an end to the bombing of American passenger ships. At the start of the war, the US wished to stay out of the affairs taking place in Europe and Asia. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the views of the US drastically changed and they declared war on Japan thus entering the war. As soon as the US joined the war, the support sky rocketed. Propaganda began to become a major part of day to day life and resource conservation once again became popular. Even though the Selective Service Act passed in 1917, General John Pershing insisted on thorough training of the U.S. soldiers (after an unsuccessful pursuit of Pancho Villa), so significant numbers of U.S. soldiers did not make it to aid France at the Western Front until 1918. The U.S. soldiers were key components in aiding the French in repelling the German offensive at Chateau-Thierry. Selective Service Act Woodrow Wilson decided the only way to provide the men needed to aid the allies was through a National draft. This draft brought together 3 million men into the army and another 2 million volunteers for other branches of the armed forces. These men formed the AEF War Industries Board Created in 1917 to coordinate government purchases of military supplies, it was casually organized at first, and struggled until 1918 when it was placed under control of Bernard Baruch. The board appeared to be providing centralized regulation of the economy, however, in reality it was plagued by mismanagement and inefficiency. Propaganda No More Neutrality A Unified America No matter what political disagreements and social tensions that the American people had been facing, America had become united. As a direct result of Pearl Harbor, the country faced a common enemy and became very patriotic. Anti-Semitism The United States resisted the admission of large numbers of Jewish refugees attempting to escape Europe.
One example of this would be in 1939. The St. Louis ship had been turned away from Cuba and arrived in Miami carrying 1,000 escaped German Jews. This ship was refused entry and forced to return to europe.
War-Induced Economic Recovery World War II effectively ended the Great Depression. By mid-1941, the economic problems of the 30's (unemployment, deflation, and industrial sluggishness) had virtually vanished. Federal Spending in the early 40's pumped more money into the economy than all the New Deal relief agencies combined. Americans Had Money to Spend Families worried constantly about the fathers, brothers, sons and husbands off at war. However, now these families had money to spend. Unlike the 1920's Americans spent money on entertainment rather than material items. Books, theater, movies, Resort Hotels, Casinos, and Racetracks were doing record business. Life magazine and The Saturday Evening Post also became very popular. The United State's Reaction to both World Wars Lusitania