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LITERARY? What is that?

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Evelyn Hart

on 29 August 2016

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Transcript of LITERARY? What is that?

LITERARY
READING/WRITING

When you are reading a LITERARY piece, you are most likely reading a SHORT STORY or NOVEL.

A LITERARY PIECE tells a story; therefore, it MUST have a PLOT (EXPOSITION, RISING ACTION, CLIMAX, FALLING ACTION and RESOLUTION).

A story must also have:

CHARACTERS
(Protagonist & Antagonist; Major & Minor)
A
CONFLICT
(Internal and/or External)
THEME
(Message of the story)
Other
LITERARY ELEMENTS
(Figurative language, Dialogue, Foreshadowing, Flashback, etc.)



What is LITERARY READING and WRITING?
LITERARY=STORYTELLING
What is PLOT?
PLOT is the literary element that describes the structure of a story. It shows the arrangement of EVENTS and ACTIONS within a story.

There are LINEAR PLOTS. They can be told:
CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER
FLASHBACK
IN MEDIA RES (in the middle of things) - When the story starts in the middle of the action without EXPOSITION.

PLOT DIAGRAM/MAP
CONFLICT
CONFLICT is the struggle between TWO or more forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no PLOT.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF CONFLICT
EXTERNAL CONFLICT
Human vs. Human
Human vs. Nature
Human vs. Society
INTERNAL CONFLICT
Human vs. Self

Check for Understanding
Directions: Using the FOUR pieces of FLASH FICTION, you will identify the parts of a short story.
Be ready to share in
15 MINUTES
.
Let's BUILD on
Our Knowledge
THEME
THEME is the writer's main message about life. Theme is usually not stated directly and is left to the reader to figure out. An INFERENCE must be made. A THEME is not too specific, but it also is not stated in one or two words.

Presented by Mrs. Evelyn Marie Hart-Benavides
8th Grade English & Reading
Ortiz Middle School

Anticipatory Writing Activity #1
Directions: In your Reflection Journal, you will answer the writing prompt in 5-7 COMPLETE SENTENCES--NO EXCEPTIONS! Be sure to address each question in detail after giving it in-depth thought.
In your own words, DEFINE the word STORYTELLING. How is it used in our daily lives? Why is it important to learn the art of storytelling? What makes a good story? What makes a bad story? In your opinion, why do we read and write stories in school?
FYI... 5-7 SENTENCES = 1 PARAGRAPH
Indirect & Direct Characterization
The process by which the author reveals the personality of a character. Characterization is revealed through:

Direct Characterization - Straight out tells the reader what the personality of the character is.

Indirect Characterization - Shows things that reveal the personality of a character. The reader must INFER the personality of the character by using:

ACTIONS -

THOUGHTS -

WORDS -
The Three Little Pigs

http://homepages.uni-paderborn.de/odenbach/wwwmath/pigs/pig16.html
Directions: We will read the SHORT STORY "The Three Little Pigs". Using what we have already learned, we will fill in the PLOT MAP with the FIVE PLOT COMPONESTS.
SAR: Conflict
TS
- The event that triggers the main conflict is when the three little pigs are kicked out of their house because they are too big,
CD
- In paragraph 2, it states. "The three little pigs grew so big that their mother said to them, 'You are too big to live here any longer.'" The pigs have to be careful of the wolf is the main conflict because later in paragraph 2, it states, "But take care that the wolf does not catch you."
CM
The reader can infer that the pigs will have to build strong houses to survive the wolf.
CS
In conclusion, the third little pig was the only pig to survive the wolf.
THE SAR FORMAT - SINGLE CHUNK
SAR: Characterization
How does the 3rd little pig's cleverness cause the conflict to change?

TS
- The 3rd little pig's cleverness caused the conflict to change by outsmarting the wolf by building his house out of bricks.
CD

- In paragraph 33, it states the wolf "came across the house of bricks which the 3rd little pig had built." The pig is clever because in paragraph 38, the wolf "huffed and puffed and he huffed and puffed...but the house of bricks did not fall down."
CM
- This shows that when the wolf tried to blow the house down, he couldn't do it because the house was made out of bricks.
CS

- In conclusion, this shows that cleverness always wins.
The Treasure of Lemon Brown
SAR SENTENCE STEMS
Anticipatory Writing Activity
Have you ever taken someone or something for granted? How and why did you do this? What was the result? What did you learn from this experience? What advice would you give someone who might do the same thing? (ANSWER IN AT LEAST 5-7 COMPLETE SENTENCES.)
IMAGE STREAMING
Directions: On your OWN sheet of paper, write down the first word that comes to mind. ONLY ONE WORD!
APPRECIATION
REGRET
LESSON
DISAPPOINTMENT
PRIORITIES
TIME TO SHARE!
APPRECIATION
REGRET
LESSON
DISAPPOINTMENT
PRIORITIES
MAKING CONNECTIONS!
Name a movie that relates to these words.
Name a current event that relates to these words.
Name an event from YOUR LIFE that relates to these words.
WHAT DO YOU THINK WE WILL BE READING ABOUT?
ABOUT THE AUTHOR!
Short Story Vocabulary
POINT OF VIEW
FIRST PERSON -
A character IN the story is telling the story from their own point of view

THIRD PERSON LIMITED -
The limited narrator experiences the whole story, through the eyes of one character. We know only this one character’s thoughts.

THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT
The narrator knows everything that is going on. The reader knows the thoughts of more than one character.

READING VOCABULARY
Directions: Scan your TEXT and FIND FIVE words that you are UNFAMILIAR with... CIRCLE them.

1. eerie - creepy or spooky.
2. involuntary - forced on you
to do.
3. impromptu - without time
to prepare.
4. tenement - apartment
housing; run down part of
city.
5. ajar - slightly open.
6. tentatively - anxiously, shyly
7. gusts - Full bursts of wind
8. crinkly - wrinkled
9. vaulted - closed; locked up
10. beckoned - ask to come; welcome

CONNOTATION - the deeper meaning behind words (negative, positive or neutral
The Baddest Dog in Harlem
Anticipatory Writing Activity #3
Do you think different races, religions, genders, etc. are treated differently in our country? Why or why not? Have you or anyone you know ever been treated differently because of your race, religion, gender, etc.? What happened? How did this make you or them feel? How can we start to change this? (ANSWER IN AT LEAST 5-7 COMPLETE SENTENCES.)
IMAGE STREAMING
TIME TO SHARE!
Stereotype
Race
Double Standards
Equality
Education
MAKING CONNECTIONS!
Name a movie that relates to these words.
Name a SONG that relates to these words.
Name an event from HISTORY that relates to these words.
WHAT DO YOU THINK WE WILL BE READING ABOUT?
Short Story Vocabulary
Vocabulary Answer Key
READING VOCABULARY
Directions: You will be given a world You have FIVE seconds to SILENTLY JOT DOWN the FIRST word that comes to mind. IT CAN ONLY BE ONE WORD!
Stereotype
Race
Double Standards
Equality
Education
Vocabulary Chart
Reading Reflection Journal #1
Attention Shoppers
Anticipatory Writing Activity #3
Do you think different races, religions, genders, etc. are treated differently in our country? Why or why not? Have you or anyone you know ever been treated differently because of your race, religion, gender, etc.? What happened? How did this make you or them feel? How can we start to change this? (ANSWER IN AT LEAST 5-7 COMPLETE SENTENCES.)
IMAGE STREAMING
TIME TO SHARE!
Stereotype
Race
Double Standards
Equality
Education
MAKING CONNECTIONS!
Name a movie that relates to these words.
Name a SONG that relates to these words.
Name an event from HISTORY that relates to these words.
WHAT DO YOU THINK WE WILL BE READING ABOUT?
Short Story Vocabulary
Vocabulary Answer Key
READING VOCABULARY
Directions: You will be given a world You have FIVE seconds to SILENTLY JOT DOWN the FIRST word that comes to mind. IT CAN ONLY BE ONE WORD!
Stereotype
Race
Double Standards
Equality
Education
Academic Vocabulary: Setting
Full Text of The Baddest Dog in Harlem
SETTING = TIME and PLACE

Setting of "The Baddest Dog in Harlem"
TIME?
PLACE?
ENVIRONMENT?
CITIZENS?

1. How important is SETTING to this short story?

2. How does the SETTING affect the PLOT?

3. How would the story change if the SETTING
was changed? Conflict? Characters? Resolution? Theme?

4. How does ALL this CONNECT to REAL LIFE
today?
EX. GROUP 1 - LEADER -
WRITER -
REPORTER -
Directions: In your groups, you will fill in the blanks and ANSWER the questions. (10 minutes)
FLIP the SCRIPT
AFFLUENZA - "Sickness" that EXTREMELY WEALTHY individuals suffer from; they are unable to face consequences due to a life of constant SPOILING.
Double Standards
Inequality
Racism
Stereotypes
Affluence
USE THESE WORDS in YOUR COMMENTARY, PLEASE!
ENVIRONMENT
Educational level -
Socioeconomic level -
Energy/Vibe of the environment -
Any other details about Harlem...

CITIZENS
Cultural/Racial/Ethnic background
Specific details about the majority of the citizens
"Life could slip away so easily in
our community, in our streets."
(THEME) Education is the key.
Flip the Script PRESENTATIONS/EVALUATIONS
When presenting:
1. EVERY group member MUST speak.
2. You will give your classmates EYE CONTACT and not give them your back.
3. You will explain how you came up with the concept and what challenges you overcame.
4. You will CLEARLY and CONCISELY point out the important aspects of your poster (THEME, CONFLICT, CHARACTERS, SETTING and how these concepts connect to the article's).
6. You will NOT be silly and off-topic.
7. You will keep your presentation within 2 minutes.

When you are an audience member:
1. You will not distract the presenters.
2. You will fill out your project analysis handout.
3. You will ask appropriate questions.
4. You will give positive feedback.


When peer evaluating:
1. You will write in complete sentences.
2. You will justify your critiques.
3. You will be SPECIFIC and not VAGUE when making comments.



For your PROJECT, I NEED:

1. POSTER with all REQUIREMENTS
2. GROUP PACKET (Brainstorming sheet, sheet of paper with ideas, ALL charts from each group member.
3. Peer evaluation forms.

GROUP ACTIVITY
In groups of 3-5, you will create a mini-story (flash fiction) using ALL the PLOT ELEMENTS. Make sure that your story is INTERESTING and actually MAKES SENSE. You have _____ minutes.
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