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Immigration, Racism and Prohibition in the 1920s
Transcript of Immigration, Racism and Prohibition in the 1920s
In the 1920s
Chinese Head Tax and Humiliation Day
Racism towards French Canadians
Klu Klux Klan
And their affect the 1920s
Chinese and Japanese- Canadians
-The federal government imposed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants entering Canada
-Because this acted was passed on July 1st, the Chinese called Canada Day, "Humiliation Day".
-The Canadian Federal Government viewed the Chinese and Japanese as an obstacle in achieving a white society.
Thursday, April 15, 1920
Vol XCIII, No. 311
-The Doukhobors are a sect of Russian dissenters. They are known for radical pacifism which brought them notoriety during the 20th century.
-The movement began in the 18th century as a reaction to the excessive opulence, elaborate rituals and practices of the orthodox church.
-They practiced a simple religion, rejecting the bible and the need of a priesthood.
-The Sons of Freedom responded to the Doukhobors conflict with Canadian policy, with mass nudity and by deliberately setting fire to property
-This led to many confrontations with the Canadian government and especially with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Immigration, Racism and
Prohibition in the 1920s
A Religious Extremist Group in the 1920s
The Klu Klux Klan, or KKK, was a racist, ultraconservative group that targeted different races and minority groups.
They arrived to Canada in 1920s and actively displayed racism and prejudice.
The Klu Klux Klan in Canada, focused on:
Jews in Quebec
French Canadians in Saskatchewan
Asians in British Columbia.
The Klu Klux Klan was
in the west, like
In Saskatchewan, newspapers and church leaders supported and persuaded the government to eliminate French teaching after Grade one.
Demanded the government to ban immigration of all Chinese, Japanese, and Indians.
Ordered that the government to take the property of all Asians already living in Canada.
Against foreign languages.
KKK set crosses on fire to protest the French language.
Burning of crosses was supposed to represent God's light.
Feared that the purity of the Anglo-Saxon race was being risked by new immigration.
In 1930, the KKK disappeared from Canada.
-Japanese Canadians, like other minorities, struggled with prejudice.
-By 1914, 10 000 people of Japanese ancestry permanently settled in Canada.
-Canada later insisted that Japan limit the migration of males to Canada to 400 per year.
-As a result, most immigrants were women joining their husbands or soon to be husbands in Canada.
In the 1920s
-Peter V. Verigin; a Russian philosopher, activist and preacher of the Doukhobor, was killed in an unsolved Canadian Pacific Railway explosion.
-The Doukhobors were initially welcomed by the Canadian Government
-The assasination of Peter V. Verigin caused the Doukhobors the believe that the Canadian government caused the explosion
-During the First World War in
March of 1918
, the Federal government of Canada banned the manufacture, importation, and transportation of liquor.
-The main reason for this movement was to save the grains used for alcohol,
because these grains were needed as a source of nutrition for soldiers.
The prohibition was also triggered to
prevent bad behaviors such as constant drinking, smoking, and gambling
-By January 1919, the
United States decided to follow the rule of prohibition
by banning the sale of alcohol but
allowing the consumption
. Meaning if Americans were found drinking alcohol, it was legal. But if they were to purchase, they were arrested.
-Later on in the same year, Canada decided to
. This did not prevent the exportation of liquor. This caused Canadians to
develop the action of rum-running towards the United States
. This benefited breweries and distilleries by building their fortunes supplying alcohol for Americans.
Prince Edward Island abandoned prohibition
to favour government-run liquor stores