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Late Adulthood Emotional and Social Development

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on 14 July 2016

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Transcript of Late Adulthood Emotional and Social Development

Late Adulthood Emotional and Social Development

Emotional Development:

Erickson's Theory: Ego Integrity vs Despair
&
Stability and Change in Self-Concept and Personality

The New Old Age
Created by Wendy Monarres
Activity
Late Adulthood Emotional and Social Development
The NEW OLD age
Control versus Dependency
Physical Health
Negative Life Changes
Two Older
Social Theories of Aging
Disengagement Theory
Activity Theory
Continuity Theory
Socioemotional selectivity Theory
Emotional and Social Development in Late Adulthood
Outline
Relationship in Late Adulthood
Elder Maltreatment
Retirement

Relationships in Late Adulthood
Social Convoy: is an intluential model of changes in our social networks as we move through life.
Elder Maltreatment
Although the majority of older adults enjoy positive relationships with family, friends, and caregivers, some suffer maltreatment at the hands of these individuals.

Retirement
The Decision to Retire- depends on affordability, health status, nature of the work environment and factors such as retirement benefits.
Adjustment to Retire- most older adapt well to retirement.
factors that affect retirement: health status and financial stability
By: Lucia Martinez
By Mayra Castaneda
Stability and Change
in
Self- Concept
and
Personality
Secure and Multifaceted Self- Concept

Resilience: Agreeableness and Acceptance of Change

Spirituality and Religiosity

When one has reached this age, they ask themselves " am I satisfied or not?

Erickson's Theory: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
mutual withdrawal between elders and society takes place in anticipation of death
Social barriers to engagement, not the desires of elders cause declining rate of interaction
Two Newer Social Theories of Aging
Most aging adults strive to maintain a personal system-an identity and a set of personality dispositions, interests, roles, and skills-that promotes life satisfaction by ensuring consistency between their past and anticipated future.
Social interaction extends life long selection process
Questions??
Thank You!
Integrity

Integrity = Satisfied
Happy with the path chosen
Despair
Despair= Not Satisfied
Unhappy with the path chose
Too late to seek integrity
bitter, defeat & hopelessness
Secure
and
Multifaceted Self- Concept
Resilience:
Agreeableness and
Acceptance of Change
Spirituality and Religiosity
coming into terms with one's life
"feel whole, complete and satisfied with their achievements"
Accumulation of self-knowledge
Allows self- acceptance
Key to integrity
Engaging in hope-related activities
life satisfaction and longer life
Generous, acquiescent, and good-natured
coming into terms with life despite it's imperfections

Important psychological well=being
most are not unhappy
effectively cope with a lost loved one

Negative adults
cope poorly with stressful events
health problems
Inspirational sense of life's meaning
found in art, nature and social relationships
For many, religion provides beliefs, symbols and rituals with guidance.
Common as they age
help with daily stress
Participation in religious activities
high in low-SES ethnic minorities
women are more likely
Physical abuse: intentional infliction of pain, discomfrot, or injury, through hitting, cutting, burning, physical force restraint, and other acts.
Physical neglect: intentional or unintentional failure to fulfill caregiving obligations, resulting in lack of food, medication, or health services.




(Berk 492)
Emotional abuse: verbal assaults, humiliation, and imtimidaton.
sexual abuse: unwanted sexual contact of any kind
financial abuse: illegal or improper exploitation of the elders property or financial resources, through theft or use without the elders's consent


(Berk 492)

Marriage/Divorce
Marital satisfaction peaks in late adulthood as stressful responsabilities decline.
Most gay and lesbian elders also report happy, highlyfulgiin relationships.
When divorce occurs, stress is higher for older than for younger adults (woman suffer more than man).
Remarriage, Cohabitation, Widowhood, and Never-Married, Childless Older Adults
although elders remarriage rates are low, those who do remarry enter into more stable relationships.
most older adults chose cohabitation over remarriage, for financial and personal reasons.
Widows make up about one-third of the elderly population.
More than 40% of U.S women age 65 and older are widowed (less likely to remarry).
Greates problem for recenlty widowed elders is profound loneliness.
but adaptation varies widely, depending on age, social support, and personality.
5% of older Americans have remained unmarried and childess.
Siblings, Friendships and Relationships with Adult Children
most siblings live nearby, communicate regularly, and visit several times a year.
friendships grow in importance in late adulthood and serve a variety of fuctions: intimacy and companionship.
Elders, are often in touch ith their adult chidlren, who more often provide emotional support.
Optimal Aging:
in which gains are maximized and losses minimized.
Works Cited:
Berk, L. E. (2010). Exploring Lifespan Development (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon
Full transcript