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Transcript of Operation Teardrop
Date: April-May 1945
Location: North Atlantic Ocean
Germany vs. United States & Canada
Commanders and Leaders:
Eberhard Godt vs. Jonas H. Ingram
Originally named: Operation Bumblebee
Reason for the Operation
The U.S Navy believed that the German U-Boats heading toward the East Coast were armed with V-1 flying bombs.
Centerpiece of the Plan
The operation contained U.S Navy anti-submarine forces, USAAF, and Army units. Two large naval task forces would work as a barrier against submarine approaching the east coast.
Nine Type IX U-boats were dispatched from Norway to patrol off Canada and the U.S. in March 1945 and attack shipping. The purpose of this deployment was to divert Allied anti-submarine forces away from the coastal waters of the United Kingdom.
On April 12th, 7 U-boats were designated "Gruppe Seewolf" and order to attack shipping from NY southwards and 2 U-boats to Canada.
First Barrier Force
On April 15, USS Staton made radar contact with one of the U-Boats and was able to attack it several times and cause it to sink with her entire crew. On April 16, USS Frost was able to make contact with another submarine. After several attempts, Stanton was able to sink her with no survivors. Both submarines suffered huge explosions after being struck by hedgehog projectiles. This further raised the fear that they were carrying rockets and motivated the First Barrier Force to intensify its efforts to destroy the remaining U-boats.
World War II
In January 1945, German Minister of Armaments and War Production Albert Speer made a propaganda broadcast in which he claimed that V-1 and V-2s "would fall on New York by February 1, 1945", increasing the U.S. Government's concern over the threat of attack.
First Barrier Force
: Force maneuvered south westward following two more U-boats. They later spotted another but did not attack because the aircraft could not determine if she was hostile.
U.S dain destroyer escort was attack by another U-boat but missed. It was later detected again by USS Mosley but escaped after being depth charged by Allie forces.
: USS Carter and USS Neal A. Scott hedgehog attacked U-518, sinking her with no survivors.
After this, the First Barrier Forced returned to Argentina and was relieved.
Second Barrier Force
: The 3 remaining submarine were order to position between NY and Halifax. Radio signals directing deployments were decrypted by Allied code breaks and increased fear that the submarines were trying to attack American cities.
: Aircraft spots first U-Boat and began to attack the submarine, but did not cause serious damage.
U-546 detected USS Core which later led to a torpedo attack on USS Frederick C. Davis. It sank with a loss of 126 out of 192 crewmen.
8 American destroyer escorts and USS Flaherty later destroyed the U-Boat, taking in the commander and 32 crewmen survivors to prison.
Second Barrier Defense
U-881 becomes the fifth and final U-Boat to be sunk during Opeation Teardop and the last German submarine to be destroyed by U.S Navy during WWII.
Final Barrier line was established. Following the unconditional surrender of all German forces that day, it accepted the surrender of U-234, U-805, U-858 and U-1228 at sea before returning to bases on the U.S. east coast