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AP European Timeline: New Monarchies, Renaissance, and the Age of Exploration

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Kristin Oase

on 25 April 2011

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Transcript of AP European Timeline: New Monarchies, Renaissance, and the Age of Exploration

.............................................................. 1300 1550 1350 1450 1400 1500 New Monarchies, Renaissance, and the Age of Exploration Babylonian Captivity in Avignon The residence of several popes in Avignon undermines the authority of the papacy and helps national monarchs to grab more power over the church in their lands 1308-1377 Italy revives the honor of poet laureate. Petrarch is crowned poet laureate in Rome, a symbolic milestone in Italian Renaissance as it marks the revival of an ancient Roman custom BLACK DEATH Europe loses roughly 40% of its population over three decades Workers and peasants press for more freedom and higher wages, which leads to urban and rural riots all over Europe 1340 The Medici come to power in Florence 1434 Though Florence is a republic, the Medici family of bankers and wool mercahnts come to dominate politics in the 15th century. Great Art Patrons The Hundred Years' War France's victory over England releases both countries to develop strong monarchies Causes Controversy Over Succession Philip of Valois (FR) vs. Edward III (EG) FR land belonging to EG Kings Conflict Over Flanders A Struggle for National Identity FRANCE ENGLAND Pop. = 16 Mil.
$$$
Fielded an army of over 50,000 Weapons
Raids
Longbows EG captures FR King John II FR rules by the Estates General The Jacquerie Trouble in EG Richard II puts down peasant revolt
Charged with tyranny and forced to abdicate Parliament elects Henry IV First Lancaster Treaty of Troyes Charles VI's son (future Charles VII) declared illegitimate
Henry V marries Catherine, the daughter of Charles VI
Henry declared legitimate heir
Both Charles VI (FR) and Henry V (EG) die
Infant sonof Henry's left to inherit BOTH thrones Joan of Arc Gutenberg develops movable type printing in Germany (HRE) Vernacular
Cheaper literature
Dissemination of ideas Peace Treaty of Lodi The five powers of Italy enjoy 40 years of peace, which according to some historians, makes the High Renaissance in the arts possible Portugal and Spain sign the Treaty of Tordesillas Pope Alexander VI "divides the world" between; Spain gets the west and Portugal gets the east Dias reaches the Cape of Good Hope; Da Gama comes back from India with precious cargo Cortes conquers the Aztec empire in Mexico; Pizarro conquers the Inca empire in and near Peru Spanish exploitation of New World silver and gold begins GOLDEN AGE OF SPAIN Mercantilism The Sack of Rome The imperial troops of Charles V sack Rome, marking the symbolic end to the artistic Renaissance and of Italy's independence in European affairs. Erasmus Christian humanist
Translated New Testament
In Praise of Folly: satirizes church Thomas More lawyer/politician
Humanist
Utopia = nowhere Giotto religious scenes
chiaroscuro
father of Renaissance painting Donatello Father of Renaissance sculpture
David in bronze was first since antiquity Leonardo da Vinci The Last Supper
Mona Lisa Raphael The School of Athens Michelangelo Universal Man
David
Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Bridge to mannerism Petrarch Literature
Father of Humanism Boccaccio The Decameron Castiglione The Book of the Courtier
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