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Southern Progressivism

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by

Jarod Roll

on 30 September 2016

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Transcript of Southern Progressivism

Southern Progressivism
James K. Vardaman (Gov. 1904-08, US Senator, 1913-1919)
Gov. Jeff Davis, Ark. (1907-13; The 'Wild Ass" of the Ozarks)
Gov. Braxton Bragg Comer, Alabama (1907-11)
Public health
--hookworm, pellagra, sterilization
--Rockefeller foundation, General Education Board (1902), spread information
Prohibition
--Anti-Saloon League pushed it throughout the South; by 1900 the driest region in the country
--after 1908, campaign for statewide prohibition, swept most of the states (only KY, SC, TX, and FL not)
--religion, social control
Women's suffrage
--Mississippi Women's Suffrage Association, 1890s
--deep opposition in Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, SC, NC
--believed not women's place; feared enfranchising black women
Galveston Hurricane, 1900:
--crisis that demanded changes in social function of government
--elected city council replaced with appointed board of commissioners: replace democratic corruption with expert leadership (Galveston Plan)
--women key in the relief effort that brought food, clothing, shelter, medical care to those affected by the storm
Women got involved in reform movements:
--Women's Christian Temperance Union (1874)
--many new university graduates; UM one of the first to admit women students (1882)
--began training school teachers (white only, of course)
--women's club movement
--General Federation of Women's Clubs featured clubs from each southern state by 1910
--National Association of Colored Women's Clubs (1896)
--religious missionary work, education, moral reform
Rising belief that government needed to be stronger
Business regulation
Expansion of public education
--always complicated by race, Jim Crow
Full transcript