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Chapter 1: Historical Jesus

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Shannon Haddad

on 28 September 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 1: Historical Jesus

Chapter 1: Historical Jesus
Discovering Truth
There are
two
ways to discover Truth

1.
Reason
:

Jesus of History
Check Point!
1. What is the definition of the Latin word, "inspirare"?
2. How does the Holy Spirit relate to Sacred Scripture?
3. Why is Jesus considered the "New Testament"?
4. What is the purpose of the Old Testament?
Sect. 4: How do we interpret Scripture?
Sect. 1: One of a Kind
What makes these people influential?
How could this
one
life be so influential?
The Story of Eliot
What do you know of Jesus' life?
Birth, life, miracles, death...etc.?
Something different...
If Jesus wasn't wealthy, powerful...etc., how is He the
most
influential of all?
Remember our Desires...
Status, power, money....etc.?
Jesus' Life
How do these facts compare to your first list?
CCC 27: The desire for God is written in the human heart, because man is created by God and for God; and God never ceases to draw man to himself. Only in God will he find the truth and happiness he never stops searching for”
Original sin
caused rifts: God, nature, self
Analogy of froyo
Meeting Jesus
"Were not our hearts burning within us?"
Luke 24:32
Chapel reflection
: The woman at the well
Sect. 2: Historical Evidence
What was it like to live during Jesus' time?
Chapter Overview
1. How the Bible is a
credible
source
2. Other
non-biblical
sources
3. Other
non-Christian
sources
Logical inferences and conclusions
2.
Divine

Revelation
: (Faith)
Believing without full proof or understanding
Where's the Body?
Canvas discussion: "15 Logical Reasons"
Fact or Fiction?
Where do we get our information?
Main info comes from the
Gospels
Is there non-biblical evidence?
ex. Flavius Josephus
What inspires you?
Sect. 3The Scriptures and Jesus
Inspiration
What does it mean to say the Scriptures are "inspired"?
The Canon of Scripture
A list of inspired books of the Bible
Kanon
: "Measuring rod"
How did the Church decide what books "measured up"?
Criteria for Canonicity
1. Apostolic origin
2. Widespread acceptance
3. Conformity to the rule of faith
MCA....Squirrels?!
What didn't make the cut?
The "Gospel" of Judas
Why do you think this didn't make the canon?
Does the Catholic Bible have more books?
The answer is...YES!
But the question is,
why
?
1. Septuagint:
2nd century B.C. Greek translation of O.T.
Legend has it...
2. Council of Jamnia (A.D. 70)
Named for the seventy scholars who translated it
New "official" list of inspired books
Did not accept 7 books from Septuagint
What's the difference?
Catholic
Protestant
NT Books
(27)
Popular Jewish choice
during Jesus' life
Popular Jewish choice after Jesus' time
Source = Septuagint
Source = Jamnia books
Council of Trent A.D. 1547 =
declared official
Protestant Reformation=
Luther prefers Jamnia
Has 7 books =
"Deuterocanonical"
Does not have 7 books =
"Apocrypha"
Jewish Historian
Check Point!
Kahoot.it
OT has 46 books
OT has 39 books
Catholic Canon of Scripture
Old Testament
New Testament
"Patrick Has Wonderful Puppies"
"Gertrude Ate Leftover Ravioli"
Pentateuch (5)
Historical (18)
Wisdom (7)
Prophetic (16)
Gospels (4)
Acts of Apostles (1)
Letters (21)
Revelation (1)
Break it down now, y'all
Pentateuch:
Historical:
Wisdom:
Prophetic:
Jewish Law
God's people living out the covenant
Poetry, allegory, advice
Spoke for God -warnings & Messiah
Sect. 4: Formation of the Gospels
The Greatest Love Story
Proclaim the Word
The "Heart" of the Matter
The Gospels are the
heart
of the Bible
Contain info about Jesus'
life
and
teachings
There are 4 evangelists: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
Do they have to be the same for it to be true?
Stage 1: Public Life and Teaching of Jesus
Stage 2: Oral Tradition
Stage 3: New Testament Writings
The disciples were eye-witnesses to the events of Jesus' life including his
teaching
and
miracles
1.
2.
3.
Kerygma:
Didache:
Liturgy:
Preaching to non-believers
Teaching or catechesis to believers
Gospel in action
"Evidence"
"Explanation"
"Experience"
Example: "Supersize Me"
Reasons for writing down the Gospel message:
1. The world wasn't ending...
2. The message was getting distorted
3. Good for referencing
?
Remember Gospel of Judas??
literally?
2 Key Questions
1. Do the words of Scripture mean what we
personally
think?
Ex. Song of Songs 4:1-4
The Brides Beauty??
How does the Church interpret the Bible?
2 senses of Scripture:
1. Literal:
2. Spiritual:
What the words actually mean
The deeper meaning of the text
How do we find the original meaning?
Many scholars use the
historical-literary
method:
Historical:
Literary:
Culture, customs, traditions of the time
Analysis of the text itself
Subcategories
1. Source criticism
2. Historical criticism
3. Form criticism
4. Redaction criticism
5. Textual criticism
2. Is every word in Scripture the absolute,
literal
truth?
What sources did the gospel writers use?
What did the human authors want to say?
What is the
genre
?
Why is the text arranged in the way it is?
Compares translations for minor changes
Full transcript